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Animal Farm & Russian Revolution: A Historical Backdrop. English 10-2. 1 man. Power. Wealth. CZAR. Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II. Aristocracy. Military. Agriculture. Industry. – Proletariat – Workers from Privatized Farms and Industry (owned by aristocracy). Powerless. Poor.

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Animal farm russian revolution a historical backdrop

Animal Farm& Russian Revolution: A Historical Backdrop

English 10-2


1 man

Power

Wealth

CZAR

Monarchy

Under

Czar Nicholas II

Aristocracy

Military

Agriculture

Industry

– Proletariat –

Workers from

Privatized Farms and Industry

(owned by aristocracy)

Powerless

Poor

Millions of People


Monarchy under czar nicholas ii
Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

1914-1917

  • Czar Nicholas was dictator of Russia

  • Czar = “power from God”


Monarchy under czar nicholas ii1
Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

  • Russia lagged behind other modernized countries in:

    • Industrialization

    • Government

    • Education


Monarchy under czar nicholas ii2
Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

  • Majority of population faced poverty, hunger, and unemployment

  • WWI

    • Lost territory from war

    • Food & resources going to troops


Monarchy under czar nicholas ii3
Monarchy Under Czar Nicholas II

  • Revolts led by hungry workers erupted across Russia

  • 1917 – Czar Nicholas II was overthrown


The russian revolution
The Russian Revolution

  • Bolsheviks, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin proceeded to structure a Communist country as envisioned by Karl Marx.


No Man

Self-governance

Communism

Envisioned by

Karl Marx

Power

Wealth

Collectively Owned Agriculture

Collectively Owned Industry

Mandatory Military Service

For All Citizens


Communism envisioned by karl marx
Communism Envisioned by Karl Marx

  • The communists hoped that after updating their country’s industry, agriculture, & military, a populace of educated people could successfully govern themselves and collectively own the combined wealth of their nation.


Communism envisioned by karl marx1
Communism Envisioned by Karl Marx

  • It was a utopian type dream where a classless society provided all its citizens with a comfortable and meaningful life.


1 man

Power

Wealth

Lenin

Transitional Rule

Under

Vladimir Lenin

Communist Party

Agriculture Modernization

Industry Modernization

Military Modernization

Powerless

Poor

Workers are quickly absorbed

Into Agriculture, Industry, and Military

Millions of People


The russian revolution1
The Russian Revolution

  • Soviets gain popular support by promising:

    • Land

    • Bread

    • Peace

Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin


Transitional rule under lenin
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

  • Their main goals were as follows:

    • Modernize industry and agriculture

    • Get rid of the aristocracy (middle & upper classes)


Transitional rule under lenin1
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

(Lenin’s goals continued…)

  • Provide adequate food, shelter, and medical services to the poor

  • Educate the population in the ways of Communism

  • Strengthen their military


Transitional rule under lenin2
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

  • 1918: The Red Army, led by Leon Trotsky, identified and executed suspected anti-communists.


Transitional rule under lenin3
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

1918-1921

  • Civil War erupted between the Communists and their opposition


Transitional rule under lenin4
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

  • 1922: Lenin died before he could see a new Russia emerge.

  • A power struggle developed between Trotsky and Stalin.


Transitional rule under lenin5
Transitional Rule Under Lenin

  • Trotsky was run out of the country by Stalin whose powers lie in his infamous secret police or “cheka” (KGB).


1 man

Power

Wealth

Stalin

Communist Rule

Under

Joseph Stalin

Secret Police

(KGB)

Military

Agriculture

Industry

Powerless

– Proletariat –

Workers from

Government Farms and Industry

(owned by Stalin)

Poor

Millions of People


Communist rule under stalin
Communist Rule Under Stalin

  • The Russia that Stalin developed was renamed the Soviet Union, and was not the same country that Lenin had hoped for.


Communist rule under stalin1
Communist Rule Under Stalin

1928

  • Stalin’s “Five Year Plans”

    • Designed to bring Russia into the industrial age


Communist rule under stalin2
Communist Rule Under Stalin

  • Stalin maintained power by using political and social terror.

    • KGB, Cheka, and system of spies


Communist rule under stalin3
Communist Rule Under Stalin

The Purges

  • High ranking officials were arrested, forced to confess to false charges, and then executed

  • Stalin was seen as protecting Russia


Communist rule under stalin4
Communist Rule Under Stalin

  • In addition to his campaign of terror, Stalin also controlled all media sources.

  • Stalin could effectively rewrite history to suit his political/military needs.


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