Role of inland water transport in asia
Download
1 / 24

Role of Inland Water Transport in Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 121 Views
  • Uploaded on

Role of Inland Water Transport in Asia. Report of the 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit Open Event in Beppu on 3 December 2007 Prof. Tatsuhiko IKEDA Yokohama National University, Japan. Background for the use of Inland Water Transport (IWT).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Role of Inland Water Transport in Asia' - isaac-curry


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Role of inland water transport in asia

Role of Inland Water Transport in Asia

Report of the 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit Open Event in Beppu on 3 December 2007

Prof. Tatsuhiko IKEDA

Yokohama National University, Japan


Background for the use of Inland Water Transport (IWT)

  • IWT is a mode with low cost, energy efficient, andenvironment-friendly.

  • At the Water and Regional Development Sessions of the 3rd and 4th World Water Forum held in Kyoto (2003) and Mexico City (2006), it was recommended that IWT be further promoted and utilized to realize regional development.


The 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit Open Event

  • Symposium on ‘Waterborne Transportation and Regional Development’ was held in Beppu on 3 December 2007 as an Open Event of Asia-Pacific Water Summit.

  • Senior administrative officials concerned and researchers in Japan, China, Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia made presentation on the use of IWT in their country.

  • Various issues and challenges were discussed for further promoting IWT in the region.

■Theme: Waterborne Transportation and Regional Development

■Panelists (Alphabetical Order)

Mr. Mikio ISIWATARI

Mr. Kazuo ITOU

Dr. LEE Sung-Woo

Dr. Katry PHUNG

Dr. TRAN Dac Suu

Mr. Yifei ZHAO

Senior Adviser, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Chief Executive, Seaport and Airport Bureau, City of Kitakyushu

Research Fellow, Port Research Department, Korea

Maritime Institute (KMI)

Director, Waterways Department, Ministry of Public Works

and Transport (MPWT), Cambodia

Director-General, Vietnam Inland Waterways Administration (VIWA)

Associate Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Photo: OITA GODOSHIMBUN,All Japan Regional Newspaper Federation

■Coordinator

Prof. Tatsuhiko IKEDA, Yokohama National University, Japan


Dr. Phung Katry

Director, Waterways Department,

Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), Cambodia

“Support People's Lives”

About 3.9 million people (one-third of the national population) live beside the Mekong River in Cambodia. They depend on IWT.

The Mekong River


Vessel seize restriction on mekong river
Vessel seize restriction on Mekong River

Domestic cargo/passenger route

-International route : Ocean going vessels with 5,000 DWT can access with the depth of waterway of 5 meters

-Domestic navigation route: vessels with 500 DWT in wet season and 70 DWT in dry season (the depth of waterway is 2 -2.5 m in dry season.

International Cargo/Passenger route


Inter provincial cargo movement by waterway
Inter-provincial Cargo movement by Waterway

The volume of waterway long distant transport between Phnom Penh Port and Provincial towns has decreased since 2003 due to the improvement of road network and insufficient loading facilities in each port. However, internal cargo transport within province still remain as an important transport mode in the region.


Waterways transport and international trade
Waterways transport and international trade

The volume of container cargo handled in Phnom Penh Port has been increasing since 2002, when a container line servicebetween Phnom Penh Port and Ho Chi MinhCity was put in operation.


Dr. TRAN Dac Suu

Director-General, Vietnam Inland Waterways

Administration (VIWA)

“Support People's Lives”

IWT is utilized fully for both passenger and cargo transportation in Vietnam. The superannuation of the port facilities becomes a problem because the investment in the improvement of the port facilities is not enough.

The system of the South

The system of the North


Vessel

Year

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

VIETNAM INLAND WATERWAY ADMINISTRATION

Vessel management

In the period of 1993 - 2005 the number of river vessels increased dramatically.


inland waterway cargo transport capacity from 1995 t0 2006

Mil Ton

65

70

60

55

60

50.97

50

44.8

42

40.7

37.5

40

33.8

30.6

27.97

25.81

30

20

10

Year

0

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 20032004 2005 2006

IW Transport capacity

Inland waterway transport capacity is very high and has increased rapidly consistetly.


Dr. LEE Sung-Woo

Research Fellow, Port Research Department,

Korea Maritime Institute (KMI)

“Support The Development of The Region”

Short shipping routes between Japan, Korea and China are fully utilized for their trade. They are important to stimulate the economy of the hinterland of their ports.

Korea

China

Japan


Korea

Korea

317

216

2,103

986

252

156

1,648

1,018

67

171

207(1995)

351

240

91

312

China

Japan

778(2004)

619

469

220(1995)

China

Japan

526

805(2005)

1,827

285

841

Present Situation of Korea/China/Japan Short Shipping Routes

◈ Deepening Intra-trade in Northeast Asia

Unit: Thousand TEU

Unit: 10million

Source: Korea International Trade Association, 2006


Mr. Yifei ZHAO

Associate Professor,

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

“Support the Development of the Region”

The Chang Jiang River is 5,800km in its length. IWT along the river has been extensively developed and utilized. The Government endeavors maintenance works of the waterways and the vessel standardization in the Chang Jiang River to facilitate economic development of the areas along its river system. It is necessary to enlarge the ship size and the port facilities to economically use IWT for the future of the region.

The Chang Jiang River


The region covered by the chang jiang river
The region covered by the Chang Jiang River


Volume of freight

throughput

Freight Volume & Throughput of Chang Jiang River

from 2001 to 2006



Mr. Mikio ISIWATARI

Senior Adviser,

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Connect People and the Region

IWT is utilized for tourism and for transport of emergency materials in case of disasters.

Source :Cabinet Office, Government of Japan River Bureau, MLIT

Route of emergency relief goods transportation

Tokyo Earthquake

Estimation of Damages

Number of destruction of building : 850,000

Death toll: 11,000

Emergency Relief delivered by IWT

Source : Kobe Port Promotion Association


3. IWT for Disaster Management

Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake , 1995.1

Land Transportation damaged by Earthquake

Source : Hanshin Expressway Management

Technology Center


2. Today’s IWT in Japan

Traditional Culture

“Benkou Ikada Nagashi”

in Horikawa Canal

(in Nichinan City, Miyazaki Prefecture)

Source: MLIT

“Ukai” (Cormorant Fishing)

in Mikuma River

(in Hita City, Oita Prefecture)

“Yakatabune” (Houseboat)

in Mikuma River

(in Hita City, Oita Prefecture)

Source : Hita city


Distribution

Water Bus

Excursion Ship

Leisure Boat

Other

Use form of river navigation in main river

(Research in 2008)

120

95

100

80

70

60

60

34

40

20

10

0

Water Bus

Excursion Ship

Leisure Boat

Other

Distribution

Source : Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Japan (MLIT)


Mr. Kazuo ITOU

Chief Executive, Seaport and Airport Bureau,

City of Kitakyushu

“Contribution to Recycling-Based Society”

IWT as well as coastal shipping are utilized to transport waste materials and recycled materials among industrialized areas in Japan. This is a new concept of utilizing IWT and coastal shipping.

Waste which is generated in the region flows in the region.

Waste is recycled in the large area, entire Japan.

LESS WASTE!

Waste

Recycle

Waste

Production

Consumption

Waste


Overcoming environmental problems
Overcoming Environmental Problems

Severe industrial pollution in the 1960s

Government, industry, academia, and the people

cooperate to overcome pollution problems

Smoke filled skies【1960】

Blue skies have returned【Now】

Polluted Dokai Bay【1960】

Beauty returned to Dokai Bay 【Now】

21


Coastal Shipping of JAPAN

Coastal shipping is used to facilitate

the environment-friendly distribution system

in Japan.

Coastl Ferry Routes in JAPAN


Conclusion

  • The participants of this symposium recognize as follows.

  • Thanks to the blessing function of water, IWT have been promoting regional development with relatively less energy consumption and with environmentally friendly manner. Further and safer operations of IWT should be sought out.

  • In developing IWT systems, specific safeguards are required, such as standardization of vessels, maintenance dredging and provision of navigation aids, in order to utilize existing infrastructure.

  • IWT has comparative advantages to transport waste materials for processing and recycling, tourists and emergency materials during disaster.

  • Experiences of each regional IWT should be shared to each other to improve IWT operations in each region. Further collaboration in Asia and Pacific Region should be sought.


ad