The first english settlements
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The First English Settlements. First English settlements established in late 1500’s on Roanoke Island (North Carolina). Ships arrive in 1590 to find settlement abandoned. Known as the “Lost Colony”. In 1607, a new attempt of a English settlement begins in Jamestown, Virginia.

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The First English Settlements

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The first english settlements

The First English Settlements

  • First English settlements established in late 1500’s on Roanoke Island (North Carolina).

  • Ships arrive in 1590 to find settlement abandoned. Known as the “Lost Colony”.

  • In 1607, a new attempt of a English settlement begins in Jamestown, Virginia.

    • Wealthy investors formed the Virginia Company of London to fund the expedition.

  • King James I grants charter to group.


Jamestown struggles to survive

Jamestown struggles to survive…

  • Jamestown Island was close to water, infested with mosquitoes (causing malaria) and did not have a large number of animals.

  • Most men were “gentlemen” or laborers, not farmers. They became overly dependent on trade with natives for food.

  • In addition, more time was spent looking for gold than planting crops.


The starving time

“The Starving Time”

  • Powhatan Confederacy refused to trade with colony, essentially crippling it.

  • The forced starvation was an attempt to get the colonists to leave Virginia.

  • During the winter of 1609-1610, all but 60 of the roughly 500 original colonists died.

  • “Powhatan Wars” were a series of battles between colonists and natives. By 1646, Powhatan nation was decimated and broken up.


Trade and government

Trade and Government

  • Tobacco is successfully grown in Jamestown; becomes major export.

  • The House of Burgesses: Assembly of elected representatives

    • Representative government: type of government where elected officials represent the interests of the people.

    • Type of government that exists in the United States.


The pilgrims and the plymouth colony

The Pilgrims and the Plymouth Colony

  • King George VIII of England made himself the head of the Church of England.

  • Separatists: Those who wished to practice Christianity on their own. Often were persecuted.

  • To find religious freedom, roughly 35 “Pilgrims” join 70 ordinary citizens, those looking for fortune in Virginia, aboard the Mayflower.

  • William Bradford would serve as governor of the Plymouth colony.


How did they end up in plymouth ma

How did they end up in Plymouth, MA?

  • Possible answers:

  • Navigation error

  • Storms blew them off course

  • The Dutch bribed the captain of the Mayflower to sail north, and not near New Amsterdam.

  • The “Pilgrim” leaders intentionallysail north to Massachusetts in an apparent hijacking.

  • The “Pilgrims” had no set destination.


Settlement in plymouth

Settlement in Plymouth

  • Much of the land was already ready for settlement because it had been cleared by Native Americans and now was mostly empty because of the plague.

  • The “pilgrims” also took what they could find from houses and robbed graves.

  • Squanto, of the extinct Pauxet nation, showed the “Pilgrims” where to plant, where to fish, and also was their translator.


The first thanksgiving

The “First” Thanksgiving

  • The “Pilgrims” DID NOT introduce the tradition.

  • Native Americans had late-harvest celebrations for centuries.

  • “They (Pilgrims) served pumpkins, turkeys, corn and squash”. “The Indians had never seen such a feast!”

    • All of these items were native to the Americas and NOT Europe. These were introduced by Native Americans and not the Pilgrims.


Facts about thanksgiving

Facts about “Thanksgiving”

  • It was not a national holiday until 1863. Designated by President Abraham Lincoln.

  • Pilgrims were not even associated with the holidays until the 1890’s.

  • No one even used the term “Pilgrim” until the 1870’s!!


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