Southern voices in the international system
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Southern Voices in the international system. 15th November 2005 Cecilia Alemany Social Watch. Contents:. Introduction IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices? UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum? Concluding remarks. 1) Introduction.

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Southern Voices in the international system

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Southern voices in the international system

Southern Voices in the international system

15th November 2005

Cecilia Alemany

Social Watch


Contents

Contents:

  • Introduction

  • IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices?

  • UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum?

  • Concluding remarks


1 introduction

1) Introduction

  • From LA (Skeptical)

  • LA is not a cooperation “priority”

  • LA is not in the “neighborhood”

  • LA is not the poorest continent…

  • But it is the most unequal…and this inequality is higher each year…


If we look at the donors source freres christian 2005

- If we look at the donors:Source: Freres, Christian (2005).


So which voices

So, which voices?

From the South:

  • B-R-ICS?

  • Governments?

  • Regions? Or regional institutions?

  • CSOs?


2 ifis which part is more permeable to southern voices

2) IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices?

  • IMF

  • WB

  • IADB (regional banks)

  • A key actor: the EU


A imf

a) IMF

  • We cannot talk about a CS agenda

  • Informal dialogues

  • Selected CSOs

  • Without operative guidelines on CS

  • Lack of transparency and accountability


B wb cs participation

b) WB, CS participation

  • « CS participation as a conditionality »

    1982: Com. WB - NGOs

    1990: Working Group NGOs WB (GTONG-WB)

    Participation as an obligation: environmental risks, indigenous people, people mobilizations

    National dialogues, SC Unit, consultations, etc.

    Good governance and stakeholders framework


Wb and iadb internal governance

WB and IADB internal governance

  • Decision making processes:

  • LAC countries 50 % participation in IADB

    And only 10 % in the WB…

    So, the IADB is more relevant to LAC countries and CSO…


C iadb

c) IADB

  • Dialogues and consultations

  • Conditionality

  • Project oriented and good governance framework

  • « Comite Asesor »


D eu as a key actor

d) EU as a key actor

  • Non state actors approach

  • EESC

  • SC Fora: EU-Mexico, EU-CAN, etc.

  • DG Trade Dialogue with CS

  • Bi-regional committees

  • New Perspectives 2007-2013 (CSP and RSP)


3 un what should reform of the un s development role require as a minimum

3) UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum?

  • A) UNDP

  • B) ECOSOC

  • C) « Reform » and Cardoso Report

  • D) MDGs are not enough


Southern voices in the international system

  • UNDP: legitimacy to have a stronger position

    Democracy Report (LAC)

    Human Development Reports

  • ECOSOC: limitations

  • Reform:

    Security Council (decision making process)

    Council for Global Development and Environ. (CGDE) german proposal ?


Cardoso report

Cardoso Report

  • Partenariat Group

  • SC and CS

  • National CS consultative groups

  • Liaison Groups: NGOs, Congress, private sector

  • Bureau: permanent autochthones issues

  • Public auditions etc.

  • Expanded trust fund to support CS participation (regional or UN headq.)


4 concluding remarks

4) Concluding remarks:

  • Regional banks are new actors and has to be reinforced, in these spaces the CS participation has to be re- df.

  • CS participation in regional integration processes is crucial and has to be supported effectively (formal and informal participation).


Southern voices in the international system

  • UNDP can play a major role, has to be strengthen and has to strengthen the relations with CSOs

  • ECOSOC is not effective so we have to revisit the Cardoso Proposals


Southern voices in the international system

  • We need a constructive debate on how CS participation can be more effectively at the global and national level.

  • Nobody knows how to deal with CS heterogeneity, diversity and challenges…even if IFIS ask to the governments to do it.


Southern voices in the international system

  • MDGs can be a pretext to promote national dialogues (and consensus) on development between all the development actors (because PRSP weren’t generally).

  • MDGs are the new “aid framework”, so they can be a pretext to develop real participation


For that it will be necessary to establish mechanisms un banks and regional level that give

For that it will be necessary to establish mechanisms (UN, banks and regional level) that give:

  • Transparency:

    information, access to agendas, papers, reports, etc.

  • Access to the debates:

    consultation

  • Systematic participation in all the phases of the decision making process:

    planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation =

    Accountability=Watchdog = Ownership


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