Southern voices in the international system
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Southern Voices in the international system. 15th November 2005 Cecilia Alemany Social Watch. Contents:. Introduction IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices? UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum? Concluding remarks. 1) Introduction.

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Southern Voices in the international system

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Southern Voices in the international system

15th November 2005

Cecilia Alemany

Social Watch


Contents:

  • Introduction

  • IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices?

  • UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum?

  • Concluding remarks


1) Introduction

  • From LA (Skeptical)

  • LA is not a cooperation “priority”

  • LA is not in the “neighborhood”

  • LA is not the poorest continent…

  • But it is the most unequal…and this inequality is higher each year…


- If we look at the donors:Source: Freres, Christian (2005).


So, which voices?

From the South:

  • B-R-ICS?

  • Governments?

  • Regions? Or regional institutions?

  • CSOs?


2) IFIS: Which part is more permeable to southern voices?

  • IMF

  • WB

  • IADB (regional banks)

  • A key actor: the EU


a) IMF

  • We cannot talk about a CS agenda

  • Informal dialogues

  • Selected CSOs

  • Without operative guidelines on CS

  • Lack of transparency and accountability


b) WB, CS participation

  • « CS participation as a conditionality »

    1982: Com. WB - NGOs

    1990: Working Group NGOs WB (GTONG-WB)

    Participation as an obligation: environmental risks, indigenous people, people mobilizations

    National dialogues, SC Unit, consultations, etc.

    Good governance and stakeholders framework


WB and IADB internal governance

  • Decision making processes:

  • LAC countries 50 % participation in IADB

    And only 10 % in the WB…

    So, the IADB is more relevant to LAC countries and CSO…


c) IADB

  • Dialogues and consultations

  • Conditionality

  • Project oriented and good governance framework

  • « Comite Asesor »


d) EU as a key actor

  • Non state actors approach

  • EESC

  • SC Fora: EU-Mexico, EU-CAN, etc.

  • DG Trade Dialogue with CS

  • Bi-regional committees

  • New Perspectives 2007-2013 (CSP and RSP)


3) UN: What should reform of the UN’s development role require as a minimum?

  • A) UNDP

  • B) ECOSOC

  • C) « Reform » and Cardoso Report

  • D) MDGs are not enough


  • UNDP: legitimacy to have a stronger position

    Democracy Report (LAC)

    Human Development Reports

  • ECOSOC: limitations

  • Reform:

    Security Council (decision making process)

    Council for Global Development and Environ. (CGDE) german proposal ?


Cardoso Report

  • Partenariat Group

  • SC and CS

  • National CS consultative groups

  • Liaison Groups: NGOs, Congress, private sector

  • Bureau: permanent autochthones issues

  • Public auditions etc.

  • Expanded trust fund to support CS participation (regional or UN headq.)


4) Concluding remarks:

  • Regional banks are new actors and has to be reinforced, in these spaces the CS participation has to be re- df.

  • CS participation in regional integration processes is crucial and has to be supported effectively (formal and informal participation).


  • UNDP can play a major role, has to be strengthen and has to strengthen the relations with CSOs

  • ECOSOC is not effective so we have to revisit the Cardoso Proposals


  • We need a constructive debate on how CS participation can be more effectively at the global and national level.

  • Nobody knows how to deal with CS heterogeneity, diversity and challenges…even if IFIS ask to the governments to do it.


  • MDGs can be a pretext to promote national dialogues (and consensus) on development between all the development actors (because PRSP weren’t generally).

  • MDGs are the new “aid framework”, so they can be a pretext to develop real participation


For that it will be necessary to establish mechanisms (UN, banks and regional level) that give:

  • Transparency:

    information, access to agendas, papers, reports, etc.

  • Access to the debates:

    consultation

  • Systematic participation in all the phases of the decision making process:

    planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation =

    Accountability=Watchdog = Ownership


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