Aphrodite
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Aphrodite. (left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2 nd century AD (right) Medici Venus. Birth. Aphrodite Urania Aphrodite Pandemos Pan= all Demos= the people. Aphrodite/Venus. Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation Animal: dove Plant: apple, myrtle

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Aphrodite

Aphrodite

(left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2nd century AD

(right) Medici Venus


Birth

Birth

  • Aphrodite Urania

  • Aphrodite Pandemos

    • Pan= all

    • Demos= the people


Aphrodite venus

Aphrodite/Venus

  • Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation

  • Animal: dove

  • Plant: apple, myrtle

  • Symbols: shell, mirror

  • Epithet:

  • Sacred Places: Cythera, Cypress

  • Depiction: beautiful woman, nude, Eros

Venus de Milo, 2nd century BC


Aphrodite

Toiletof Venus. Simon Vouet, 1628-39. 


The graces charites

The Graces/Charites

The Three Graces, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D

Three Graces, Borghese Collection, The Louvre


Astarte

Astarte

  • Astarte is the Greek name of the Mesopotamian Semitic goddess Ishtar

  • Fertility, sexuality, war

  • Lion, horse, sphinx

  • Came to Greece via Cyprus and Cythera


Priapus

Priapus

Phallic tintinnabula (windchime)

The god Priapus,, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D


Pygmalion and galatea

Pygmalion and Galatea

Left- The Hand Refrains. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70.; right- The Godhead Fires. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70


Aphrodite

Pygmalion and Galatea. Jean-Leon Gerome. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


Adonis

Adonis

Birth of Adonis from Myrrha. 

Pygmalion-Galatea

|

Paphos

|

Cinyras

|

Myrrha

Venus and Adonis. Veronese.


Dying god archetype

Dying God Archetype

  • Virgin mother, unusual birth

  • Tree involved

  • Descent into earth

  • Scapegoat

  • Young male figure of fertility

  • Rebirth


Adonis1

Adonis

The Death of Adonis, Rodin, 1888


Cybele and attis taurobolium

Cybele and AttisTaurobolium

Terracotta antefixes from Ostia with depictions of the Magna Mater on the ship.

Roman Imperial Attis wearing a Phrygian cap and performing a cult dance

Cybele enthroned, with lion,cornucopia and Mural crown. Roman marble, c. 50 CE. Getty Museum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQ2UJiZkLjs


Cybele magna mater

Cybele/Magna Mater

  • Galli

    • Eunuchs

  • In Rome

    • Magna Mater

    • Second Punic War (218-201BC)

    • Claudia Quinta

    • Temple on Palatine hill

  • Holy Week


Aphrodite and anchises

Aphrodite and Anchises

Venus and Anchises, Farnese Palace


Aphrodite

Eros

Amor Vincit Omnia, Caravaggio, 1601


Plato s symposium

Plato’s Symposium


Cupid and psyche

Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche, David, 1817


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