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Aphrodite. (left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2 nd century AD (right) Medici Venus. Birth. Aphrodite Urania Aphrodite Pandemos Pan= all Demos= the people. Aphrodite/Venus. Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation Animal: dove Plant: apple, myrtle

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Aphrodite

Aphrodite

(left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2nd century AD

(right) Medici Venus


Birth
Birth

  • Aphrodite Urania

  • Aphrodite Pandemos

    • Pan= all

    • Demos= the people


Aphrodite venus
Aphrodite/Venus

  • Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation

  • Animal: dove

  • Plant: apple, myrtle

  • Symbols: shell, mirror

  • Epithet:

  • Sacred Places: Cythera, Cypress

  • Depiction: beautiful woman, nude, Eros

Venus de Milo, 2nd century BC


Toiletof Venus. Simon Vouet, 1628-39. 


The graces charites
The Graces/Charites

The Three Graces, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D

Three Graces, Borghese Collection, The Louvre


Astarte
Astarte

  • Astarte is the Greek name of the Mesopotamian Semitic goddess Ishtar

  • Fertility, sexuality, war

  • Lion, horse, sphinx

  • Came to Greece via Cyprus and Cythera


Priapus
Priapus

Phallic tintinnabula (windchime)

The god Priapus,, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D


Pygmalion and galatea
Pygmalion and Galatea

Left- The Hand Refrains. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70.; right- The Godhead Fires. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70


Pygmalion and Galatea. Jean-Leon Gerome. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


Adonis
Adonis

Birth of Adonis from Myrrha. 

Pygmalion-Galatea

|

Paphos

|

Cinyras

|

Myrrha

Venus and Adonis. Veronese.


Dying god archetype
Dying God Archetype

  • Virgin mother, unusual birth

  • Tree involved

  • Descent into earth

  • Scapegoat

  • Young male figure of fertility

  • Rebirth


Adonis1
Adonis

The Death of Adonis, Rodin, 1888


Cybele and attis taurobolium
Cybele and AttisTaurobolium

Terracotta antefixes from Ostia with depictions of the Magna Mater on the ship.

Roman Imperial Attis wearing a Phrygian cap and performing a cult dance

Cybele enthroned, with lion,cornucopia and Mural crown. Roman marble, c. 50 CE. Getty Museum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQ2UJiZkLjs


Cybele magna mater
Cybele/Magna Mater

  • Galli

    • Eunuchs

  • In Rome

    • Magna Mater

    • Second Punic War (218-201BC)

    • Claudia Quinta

    • Temple on Palatine hill

  • Holy Week


Aphrodite and anchises
Aphrodite and Anchises

Venus and Anchises, Farnese Palace


Eros

Amor Vincit Omnia, Caravaggio, 1601



Cupid and psyche
Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche, David, 1817


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