Aphrodite
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Aphrodite. (left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2 nd century AD (right) Medici Venus. Birth. Aphrodite Urania Aphrodite Pandemos Pan= all Demos= the people. Aphrodite/Venus. Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation Animal: dove Plant: apple, myrtle

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Aphrodite

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Aphrodite

(left) Capitoline Venus after Aphrodite of Cnidus, 2nd century AD

(right) Medici Venus


Birth

  • Aphrodite Urania

  • Aphrodite Pandemos

    • Pan= all

    • Demos= the people


Aphrodite/Venus

  • Realm: beauty, love, pleasure, procreation

  • Animal: dove

  • Plant: apple, myrtle

  • Symbols: shell, mirror

  • Epithet:

  • Sacred Places: Cythera, Cypress

  • Depiction: beautiful woman, nude, Eros

Venus de Milo, 2nd century BC


Toiletof Venus. Simon Vouet, 1628-39. 


The Graces/Charites

The Three Graces, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D

Three Graces, Borghese Collection, The Louvre


Astarte

  • Astarte is the Greek name of the Mesopotamian Semitic goddess Ishtar

  • Fertility, sexuality, war

  • Lion, horse, sphinx

  • Came to Greece via Cyprus and Cythera


Priapus

Phallic tintinnabula (windchime)

The god Priapus,, Roman fresco from PompeiiC1st A.D


Pygmalion and Galatea

Left- The Hand Refrains. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70.; right- The Godhead Fires. The Pygmalion Series. Sir Edward Burne-Jones, 1868-70


Pygmalion and Galatea. Jean-Leon Gerome. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


Adonis

Birth of Adonis from Myrrha. 

Pygmalion-Galatea

|

Paphos

|

Cinyras

|

Myrrha

Venus and Adonis. Veronese.


Dying God Archetype

  • Virgin mother, unusual birth

  • Tree involved

  • Descent into earth

  • Scapegoat

  • Young male figure of fertility

  • Rebirth


Adonis

The Death of Adonis, Rodin, 1888


Cybele and AttisTaurobolium

Terracotta antefixes from Ostia with depictions of the Magna Mater on the ship.

Roman Imperial Attis wearing a Phrygian cap and performing a cult dance

Cybele enthroned, with lion,cornucopia and Mural crown. Roman marble, c. 50 CE. Getty Museum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQ2UJiZkLjs


Cybele/Magna Mater

  • Galli

    • Eunuchs

  • In Rome

    • Magna Mater

    • Second Punic War (218-201BC)

    • Claudia Quinta

    • Temple on Palatine hill

  • Holy Week


Aphrodite and Anchises

Venus and Anchises, Farnese Palace


Eros

Amor Vincit Omnia, Caravaggio, 1601


Plato’s Symposium


Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche, David, 1817


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