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Why Do Individuals Value Sport? . By: Michael L. Moser. Sport’s Meaning in American Society . Why do we play sport? Is there a deeper meaning for why people play sports? Does sport bring some people freedom where other things cannot? Freedom from what?

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Sport s meaning in american society
Sport’s Meaning in American Society

  • Why do we play sport? Is there a deeper meaning for why people play sports?

  • Does sport bring some people freedom where other things cannot? Freedom from what?

  • Do sports carry a higher meaning of space and time? Can this be seen as sacred to the athlete?


Questions for the class
Questions for the Class

  • How many of you played on a sports team or club in high school?

  • How many of you continue to play on an organized sports team in college? (club team, athlete team, intramural team)

  • How many of you use a Rec Sports facilities at least once a week? (RPAC, ARC, J.O. South, Fred Beakman Park, etc…)

  • Now think back to those past experiences. Why did you play sports or exercise? For instance, was it intrinsic or extrinsic factors that made you participate?


A brief summary of phantom pains
A Brief Summary of Phantom Pains

  • Marc’s life at the beginning of the movie.

    • His life was falling apart (love life, family life, work life)

    • Only thing you really knew was that hecared a lot about biking

  • The tragic accident that happened to Marc.

  • Marc by the end of the movie

    • Putting his life back on right track (girlfriend, writing, daughter, etc…)

    • Marc biking at the end of the movie. Why is biking so important?


The nature of play by johan huizinga
“The Nature of Play” by Johan Huizinga

  • Johan Huizinga (1872-1945)

    • Dutch Historian

    • Professor of History from 1905 until his death

  • Main arguments why Huizinga thought individuals played sports

    • “non-seriouness” of sport

    • Freedom of play- no one is making you do it

    • Not real life- seen as a escape from reality


The classification of games by roger caillois
“The Classification of Games” by Roger Caillois

  • Roger Caillois (1913-1978)

    • Frenchmen who studied philosophy of sport

    • Literary critic of sport

  • “The Claaification of Games” can be used to see why individuals may play sports

    • Agon- competition

    • Alea- chance in games

    • Mimicry- acting or role playing

    • Ilinx- feeling of free fall


Sacred space sacred time by michael novak
“Sacred Space, Sacred Time” by Michael Novak

  • Michael Novak (1933- to present)

    • Degree from Harvard University

    • Long-time writer

  • “Sacred Space, Sacred Time’s” importance to why individuals may play sports

    • Compares places like Gettysburg to sports arenas like Madison Square Garden

    • Importance of time in sports (final seconds of a basketball game can hold more meaning then the first whole half)

    • Time allows the chance for a “hero” to be made


How do these three scholarly works relate to marc in phantom pains
How do these three scholarly works relate to Marc in Phantom Pains?

  • Huizinga’s “The Nature of Play”

    • Ideas of freedom and escape

    • Intrinsic motivation in comparison to extrinsic motivation

  • Caillois’s “The Classification of Games”

    • Agon- idea of competition (Marc competing vs. himself)

    • Ilinx- feeling of free fall (biking)

  • Novak’s “Sacred Space, Sacred Time”

    • Importance of space

    • The places Marc bikes and final scene of where Marc is biking… sacred


Further look into why i play sports
Further look into why I play sports

  • I see sports as a an escape from ordinary life.

  • I play sports and exercise for both intrinsic and extrinsic purposes.

  • I see what I do as an art just as an painter can look at their painting. I have the chance to create something beautiful or spectacular.

  • The rush of free fall in downhill skiing.

  • The importance of remote sport to me.


Why do you play sports
Why do you play sports?

  • Most individuals do not look into why they really play sports or exercise.

  • It is important to understand why since ancient civilizations like the Greek and Roman cultures they have built massive areas and we continue to today.

  • Why children play games or sports without being told to?

  • Think further into why you play sports.


Threats to modern sport
Threats to Modern Sport

  • Is sport still accessible to everyone? Increasing price of gyms, stadium seats…

  • Commercialization of sport (more of a business then ever before)

  • Mass Media overtaking sport

  • Violence in sport

  • Cheating/ scandals in sport

  • Professional vs. Amateur debate

  • More spectators then participants

  • Can you list more…



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