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Promoting Green Power: Solar Resource Potential in Atlantic Canada. Green Power Labs Inc. Presentation to the Green Power Strategy for Atlantic Canada Workshop September 19, 2005. Overview. Secondary Energy Use in Atlantic Canada Solar Energy: “Sunny Days Ahead”

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Promoting green power solar resource potential in atlantic canada

Promoting Green Power: Solar Resource Potential in Atlantic Canada

Green Power Labs Inc.

Presentation to the Green Power Strategy for Atlantic Canada Workshop

September 19, 2005


Overview
Overview

  • Secondary Energy Use in Atlantic Canada

  • Solar Energy: “Sunny Days Ahead”

  • Natural Solar Resource Potential

  • Technically Feasible Solar Potential

  • Socioeconomic Solar Potential


How we use energy in canada
How We Use Energy in Canada

Source: Natural Resources Canada


Atlantic canada s energy use residential sector 1
Atlantic Canada’s Energy Use:Residential Sector (1)

Source: Natural Resources Canada


Atlantic canada s energy use residential sector 2
Atlantic Canada’s Energy Use:Residential Sector (2)

Source: Natural Resources Canada


Atlantic canada s energy use commercial institutional sector 1
Atlantic Canada’s Energy Use:Commercial/Institutional Sector (1)

Source: Natural Resources Canada


Atlantic canada s energy use commercial institutional sector 2
Atlantic Canada’s Energy Use:Commercial/Institutional Sector (2)

Source: Natural Resources Canada


Solar energy three technologies one source
Solar Energy:Three Technologies – One Source

  • Solar Electricity

  • Solar Thermal

  • Passive Solar


Solar power solar heat or solar energy
Solar Power, Solar Heat or Solar Energy?

  • Green heat and green power are both important

  • Load displacement is just as important as new generation

  • All solar technologies are part of the solution


Net zero energy home concept
“Net Zero Energy Home” Concept

Net Zero Energy Home

Current Home

Source: CanSIA



Benefits of the cansia s 25 by 25 program
Benefits of the CanSIA’s “25 by 25” Program

  • A minimum of 25 million megawatt-hoursper year of renewable solar electrical andthermal energy.

  • $30 to $40 billion of economic activity forCanadians.

  • 60,000 – 70,000 high quality jobs in thesolar industry.

  • 120,000 – 210,000 other jobs as a directresult of solar activities.

  • 15 –30 million tonnes of greenhouse gasemission reductions annually.


Pv technology efficiency trends
PV Technology: Efficiency Trends

Source: US Department of Energy, 2005.


Pv m odule p roduction and y early m odule p roduction c apacity mw
PV Module Production and YearlyModule Production Capacity (MW)

Source: IEA-PVPS T1-13:2004


Canada pv modules price trend
Canada: PV Modules Price Trend

Source: IEA-PVPS T1-13:2004


Government funding of pv 2003
Government Funding of PV (2003)

Note: Germany ($13.41) & Holland ($7.53) are not shown !!!

Source: IEA 2003


Solar resource potential levels
Solar Resource Potential Levels

Source: IEA-PVPS T7-06:2002


Solar energy global natural potential
Solar Energy: Global Natural Potential

Based on NASA Surface Meteorology and

Solar Energy: Global Data from July 1983

to June 1993


Solar energy resource in atlantic canada cities kwh m2
Solar Energy Resource in Atlantic Canada Cities* (kWh/m2)

*Average daily solar irradiation on tilted surface


Comparison of solar irradiation in moncton and miami
Comparison of solar irradiation* in Moncton and Miami

*for latitude-tilted surface



Solar map of nova scotia
Solar Map of Nova Scotia

Distribution of solar energy (kWh/m2) is based on model predictions spatially adjusted by empirical observations


Green power labs inc solar calculator
Green Power Labs Inc. – Solar Calculator*

* Based on solar energy model for high resolution digital mapping of solar resources


Technical potential assessment methodology
Technical Potential Assessment Methodology

Source: IEA PVPS T7-4: 2002


Technical pv potential in atlantic canada
Technical PV Potential in Atlantic Canada

Annual Solar Yield on an individual house roof (MWh)

Total Annual Solar Yield (TWh)



Annual electricity use pv coverage share
Annual Electricity Use: PV Coverage Share Atlantic Canada

MWh

Source: Natural Resources Canada

Basic PV System: 3 kWp installed



Technical pv generation potential in atlantic canada today and tomorrow
Technical PV Generation Potential in Atlantic Canada: Today and Tomorrow

Residential only

Residential and Commercial


Energy savings solar domestic hot water
Energy Savings: and TomorrowSolar Domestic Hot Water

Calculations made at 60 USD/barrel of oil




Terrain assessment
Terrain Assessment and Tomorrow


Solar gain at a site key factors
Solar Gain at a Site: Key Factors and Tomorrow

Fraction of maximum energy received at given angle and aspect of roof


Municipal level assessment oceanview dr bedford nova scotia
Municipal Level Assessment and TomorrowOceanview Dr., Bedford, Nova Scotia


3d gis based modeling
3D GIS-Based Modeling and Tomorrow


Solar site assessment
Solar Site Assessment and Tomorrow

Aerial view of a gas station


Solar site assessment1

June 21 and Tomorrow

20:00

5:00

September 21

16:00

8:00

12:00

October 21

December 21

Solar Site Assessment


Socioeconomic potential
Socioeconomic Potential and Tomorrow

  • Barriers

  • Policies

  • Strategies


Socioeconomic potential barriers for customers
Socioeconomic Potential: and TomorrowBarriers for Customers

  • Bad economic performance: high investment costs are the most visible barrier to PV

  • There is a lack of proper financing opportunities

  • Architectural design and simple standardised systems are not available

  • Uncertainty on the technical performance

  • Lack of information on the benefits of PV

Source: IEA-PVPS T7-06:2002


Socioeconomic potential barriers for society
Socioeconomic Potential: and TomorrowBarriers for Society

  • Environmental benefits are not rewarded

  • Lack of awareness with respect to scarce fossil and nuclear resources

  • Customers willingness to pay is not exhausted

  • Low social acceptance

  • Distortions in public education

Source: IEA-PVPS T7-06:2002


Socioeconomic potential barriers for solar industries
Socioeconomic Potential: and TomorrowBarriers for Solar Industries

  • The PV suppliers do not know the potential market and they do not know how to reach the market

  • There is lack of proper marketing strategies and a lack of adequate infrastructure for successfully marketing PV systems

  • Communication problems between different actors in the market (e.g. between architects, building companies and PV retailers) do still widely exist

Source: IEA-PVPS T7-06:2002


Socioeconomic potential policies
Socioeconomic Potential: and TomorrowPolicies

  • Net Metering

  • Feed-in Tariffs (Energy-Based Production Incentives)

  • Long Term Financing

  • Purchase/Installation Incentives


Socioeconomic potential costs
Socioeconomic Potential : Costs and Tomorrow

  • Solar as a distributed energy source is unique

  • Costs of Central Power Plants are amortized over 20-40 years

  • Other nations level the playing field by offering long term loans with interest rate subsidies

  • (In the US – over 80 solar loan programs in place)


Socioeconomic potential marketing strategies
Socioeconomic Potential: Marketing Strategies and Tomorrow

CanSIA’s Standard Offers Contract for PV ProgramObjectives

  • To demonstrate government support for solar at a meaningful level (it will bring new private investment into the solar industry).

  • To help bridge the inequality of government support for other energy sources with its support for solar.

  • To stimulate the market for “grid-connected” PV in a manner that allows the industry to grow sustainably.


The early adopter pv market in atlantic canada
The Early Adopter PV Market and Tomorrowin Atlantic Canada

Market Segment Size

Deployment Targets for a Standard Offers Contract Program

Grand Total 2015:

Systems Installed – 5,832

Total Installed Capacity -16,1 MWp

Annual Electricity Generated - 18.8 GWh


Residential solar potential of atlantic canada in 2015
Residential solar potential of Atlantic Canada in 2015 and Tomorrow

Technically Feasible: 12.8 TWh

Market Target: 18.8 GWh

Good perspectives to grow!!!


Thank you
Thank You and Tomorrow

www.greenpowerlabs.com


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