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Civil Rights After 1964. Black Power Movement. Rejected Dr. King’s slow-paced nonviolence & rejected white cooperation Stokely Carmichael expels whites from S.N.C.C. Black Power philosophy influenced by Malcolm X. Stokely Carmichael. Malcolm X. Converted to Nation of Islam in jail

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Black power movement
Black Power Movement

  • Rejected Dr. King’s slow-paced nonviolence & rejected white cooperation

  • Stokely Carmichael expels whites from S.N.C.C.

  • Black Power philosophy influenced by Malcolm X

Stokely Carmichael


Malcolm x
Malcolm X

  • Converted to Nation of Islam in jail

  • Based in the Northern U.S.

  • Broke with Elijah Muhammad upon return from Mecca

  • Killed February 21, 1965


Black panthers
Black Panthers

  • Founded in California, 1966


Dr king s assassination
Dr. King’s Assassination

  • Assassinated in Memphis, April 4, 1968


Urban riots 1965 1970
Urban Riots, 1965 – 1970

  • Civil Rights Movement in the South raised expectations in Northern cities

  • 1964 = Harlem, Rochester, Jersey City, Philadelphia

  • 1965 = Watt’s Riot lasts 6 days, 34 dead, $40 million in damages

  • 1966 = Chicago, Milwaukee, SF, Cleveland, Dayton

  • TOTAL = 250 deaths, 10,000 injuries, 60,000 arrests


Chicano civil rights movement
Chicano Civil Rights Movement

  • Cesar Chavez organized migrant farm workers into Unions

  • 5 million migrant farm workers in U.S. in 1960s

  • 1935 National Labor Relations Act did not allow farm workers to join Unions

  • No minimum wage, no Social Security benefits

  • Chavez used King and Gandhi’s nonviolence, hunger strikes


Grape boycott
Grape Boycott

  • 1962: Chavez forms National Farm Workers/United Farm Workers

  • 1965: First boycott of California’s grapes

  • National attention to poor living conditions

  • Chavez went on 25 day hunger strike

  • 5 year boycott ends with U.F.W. contract in 1970


The brown berets
The Brown Berets

  • March 1968: 10,000 students walked out of L.A high schools to protests poor education quality

  • “Brown Berets” student group influenced Chicano Studies, Puerto Rican Studies departments in colleges

  • Women discouraged from participating


The american indian movement
The American Indian Movement

  • 1960s & 1970s = 70% of Indians located on reservations

  • 1968 = (AIM) American Indian Movement founded to create economic opportunities on reservations & stop police harassment


Capture of alcatraz island 1969
Capture of Alcatraz Island, 1969

  • 1969 = 78 AIM members captured former federal prison Alcatraz Island

  • Treaty stated abandoned federal land belonged to American Indians

  • Occupation lasted 1.5 years until 1971


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