World water day 22 march 2013 butare rwanda
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Cooperation across the water and sanitation value chain. World Water Day 22 March 2013 Butare, Rwanda . Integrated Water and Sanitation Service chain. Water stress in Rwanda. High growth path  But: Demand Contamination (waste , agro-chemicals )

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World Water Day 22 March 2013 Butare, Rwanda

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World water day 22 march 2013 butare rwanda

Cooperation across the water and sanitation value chain

World Water Day 22 March 2013 Butare, Rwanda

Integrated Water and Sanitation Service chain


Water stress in rwanda

Water stress in Rwanda

High growth path  But:

  • Demand

  • Contamination (waste, agro-chemicals)

  • Water source degradation (erosion/flooding)

  • Climate change

Water Resource Policy/Strategy 2012

Integrated water resource management adopted as framework for water development and management


Strategy for sustainable water and sanitation services

Strategy for sustainable water and sanitation services

  • Public Private Partnership Policy framework

  • Delegated management model

  • Inclusive water and sanitation services

  • Environmental responsibility and adaptation

Functional

Sustainable access to water and sanitation


Integrated water resource management luxury or reality

Integrated Water Resource Management: luxury or reality?

Erosion

Mining

Irrigation

Hydro power

Tourism

Water supply Waste water

Industry

Flooding


Making iwrm practical in water and sanitation

Making IWRM practical in Water and Sanitation

Inspiration in the value chain concept of Michael Porter


Expanding watsan chain responsibilities

1

Production of

raw water

2

Potabilization

Distribution

3

Service / use

4

Waste-water

Sewage

5

Recycling

Expanding watsan chain responsibilities

Drinking water supply service

Integral water and sanitation service chain management


Production raw water

Production, Raw water

1

Raw water

  • The water sources: well, river, lakes, catchment.

  • Key actors: Water resource authority, farmers, tourists, industry, villages, local authorities, miners, water company, other water users.

  • Crucial capabilities: Water resource management, integrated territorial planning, long term thinking, water governance, multi-actor process.

  • Risks: catchment degradation, erosion, climate change, contamination, bad coordination among actors.


Transformation distribution

2 Potabilization Distribution

Transformation & distribution

  • Intake. Transport, storage, treatment stations, pumping.

  • Key actors: water supply operators, construction companies, supply chain (chemicals, inputs), finance.

  • Crucial capabilities: design, treatment, monitoring.

  • Risks: inappropriate technology, bad operation and maintenance.


Service use

Service/use

3Service / use

  • Distribution to water points: commercialization, management and administration.

  • Key actors: water supply operators, regulator, banks, offices for payment, WASH support organizations.

  • Capabilities: system design, organization, administration calculation of tariffs, utility management, consumer relation-feedback, hygiene education.

  • Risks: inadequate management, inappropriate consumer practices (hygiene, payment).


Waste water

4 Waste water

Waste water

  • Non consumptive use at household or water user point. Mud pools around the house, untreated waste water at village level.

  • Key actors: households, water supply organizations, municipalities.

  • Capabilities: hygiene practices, waste water evacuation, water saving, demand management.

  • Risks: health (pathogens contamination) environmental contaminiation,


T reatment recycling

Treatment/ Recycling

5Recycling

  • Waste water use, recycling, ecological sanitation. Filtration pits, gardens.

  • Key actors: municipalities, water organization, farmers, nature.

  • Capabilities: water treatment, recycling, sanitation marketing.

  • Risks: inappropriate technology and operation, health , environmental contamination.


Context and support

Context and support


World water day 22 march 2013 butare rwanda

Private companies

Tourism

Regulator

Farmers

Value creation: economic, social, environmental

Knowledge centres Universities, vocational training

Social organizations

NGO´s

Treatment & recycling-

Service / use

Production of raw water

Waste water

Government (policies)

Farm, village

Catchment

Society

financial services


Iwrm in the watsan value chain

IWRM in the Watsan value chain

  • First step to use more specialized IWRM tools.

  • The concept applies to different scales: from household to system level.

  • It visibilizes the need for collaborative action

  • Different actors can be related to different links

  • Helps to identify core competencies of organization.

  • Introduces systems perspective to watsan.

  • Helps to identify problems and design action!


Gains of using the watsan chain concept

Gains of using the watsan chain concept

  • Stimulates to see the connections between links and its actors.

  • Appoints to higher system efficiency on long term.

  • Looks at preventive action: lower transaction costs.

  • Helps identify (business) opportunities.

  • Articulates with Water Safety Plan (WHO) and investment plans (addressing up-stream and down-stream issues)

  • Integrates sustainability into core business (water sanitation services).


Sustainable water and sanitation services through cooperation

Connection

Communication

Learning

Coordination

Sustainable water and sanitation servicesthrough cooperation


World water day 22 march 2013 butare rwanda

Thank you

Reference:

World Business Council for

Sustainable Development


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