Liberalism and the enlightenment
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Liberalism and the Enlightenment. How did the ideals of European Enlightenment effect Americans’ view of government? Did America have her own Enlightenment thinkers?. Enlightenment. John Locke Main purpose of government to protect life, liberty and property – Natural Rights Rousseau

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Liberalism and the Enlightenment

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Liberalism and the enlightenment

Liberalism and the Enlightenment

How did the ideals of European Enlightenment effect Americans’ view of government?

Did America have her own Enlightenment thinkers?


Enlightenment

Enlightenment

  • John Locke

    • Main purpose of government to protect life, liberty and property – Natural Rights

  • Rousseau

    • Social Contract – people give up some rights to protect natural rights

      • When the government usurps its power – people have the right to overthrow that government

  • Montesquieu

    • Separation of powers, system of checks and balances


Great awakening of the 1740 s

Great Awakening of the 1740’s

  • George Whitefield

    • Religious emotionalism – not a focus on study but stories

    • Itinerant clergy

    • “God help us to forget party names and become Christians in deed and thought”

    • Preaching for the masses

  • Jonathan Edwards

    • Focused on how sinners would be condemned to hell

    • Caused the suicide of a member of the church

    • Dismissed

      End of fervor of the Great Awakening


Schools of higher learning

Schools of Higher Learning

  • Most were established as Religious schools to teach and train clergy

  • Some were established after the Great Awakening and not as a training ground for clergy

    • Harvard and Yale – Puritans

    • Princeton, Brown, Rutgers and Dartmouth as a result of the Great Awakening

    • Columbia and University of Pennsylvania – Law, Medicine, Philosophy (other older schools followed


Benjamin franklin

Benjamin Franklin

  • Apprenticed for brother, James, at The Courant

  • Left apprentice position – becoming a fugitive – moved to Philadelphia

  • Moved to England for a while to try to gain equipment to begin his own paper in Pa

  • Junto

  • Began the first Subscription Library


Benjamin franklin 2

Benjamin Franklin (2)

  • Spoke Latin, French, Spanish and Italian

  • Helped build the first hospital in Philadelphia

  • Served 14 years in the Pennsylvania Assembly

  • Inventions

    • Lightening Rod

    • Stove

    • Bifocals


Thomas jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

  • Renaissance Man of America

    • Linguist

    • Bibliophile

    • Political Scientist

    • Architect

    • Inventor

    • Scientific farmer


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