Life span
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Life Span . Early & Middle adulthood Chapter 11 & 12. Early Adulthood. Age 20 – 40 (early) Stable. Physical Characteristics . Height & Weight. Physical growth Complete. Bone and Muscle development. Peak bone mass Age 35 Injuries respond best to Rest Immobilization. Dentition.

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Life Span

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Life Span

Early & Middle adulthood

Chapter 11 & 12


Early Adulthood

  • Age

    • 20 – 40 (early)

  • Stable


Physical Characteristics


Height & Weight

  • Physical growth

    • Complete


Bone and Muscle development

  • Peak bone mass

    • Age 35

  • Injuries respond best to

    • Rest

    • Immobilization


Dentition

  • 3rd molars

  • Gingivitis

    • Gum disease

  • Dental visits

    • Q 6 months

  • Oral care


Cardiac System

  • Cardiac output

    • Peak 20 – 30

    • Then declines

  • Risk factors

    • Alcohol

    • Tobacco

    • h cholesterol diet


Respiratory System

  • Peak function

    • 20 - 25

  • Vital Capacity

    • i

  • Elasticity

    • i

  • Risk factors

    • Smoking

  • Health promotion

    • Exercise


GI system

  • Appetite

    • Unchanged

  • Gastric secretions

    • (after 30)

  • Basal Metabolic Rate

    • i

  • Bowel management


Integumentary System

  • Acne

    • i

  • Cancer

    • h


Nervous System

  • # neurons

    • i

  • Brain size

    • i

  • Reaction time (20 – 30)

    • h

  • Visual acuity (25)

    • i

    • Presbyopia

  • Hearing

    • Best at 20

    • Compensate


What hearing loss typically is affected first as a person ages?

  • Low frequency tones

  • High frequency tones


Reproductive system

  • Peak capacity!

  • Infertility


Assisting conception

  • Ovulation ?

  • q other day

  • Deep penetration

  • No lubricants

  • Stay on back


Developmental milestones


Motor development

  • Peak

  • Decline 30 – 60

  • Greatest strength

    • Back

    • Arms

    • Legs


Sexual development

  • Romantic Love


Masters & JohnsonCycle of sexual response

  • Excitement

  • Plateau

  • Orgasm

  • Resolution


The psychosocial model identifies the task for young adults as what?

  • Generativity

  • Ego integrity

  • Intimacy

  • Identity

  • Industry


What is the risk if a young adult does not fulfill the psychosocial task of this stage of life?

  • Role confusion

  • Isolation

  • Inferiority

  • Despair

  • Stagnation


Psychosocial development

  • Intimacy

    • Sexual

    • Emotional

  • Introspection

  • Trust


Choosing & Establishing a career

  • Balance

  • Sexual harassment


Est. home & Family

  • Family

  • Marriage


Expanding social circles

  • Similar life stage

  • Reciprocity

  • Compatibility

  • Respectability

  • Proximity


Developing maturity

  • Control & Restraint


Cognitive development

  • Objective

  • Wider perspective

  • Adult learners


Moral development

  • Less absolutes

  • Respect others

  • Religion


Nutrition

    • 2,700–3,000 cal/day

    • 1,600-2,100 cal/day


Sleep & Rest

  • 7-9 hours

  • Insomnia


Sleep Aids

  • large meal at HS

  • Exercise afternoon

  • Routine

  • Relax

  • Bed for sex & sleep


Exercise & Leisure

  • 3-5 time / week

  • 30 minutes


Safety

  • Self & Family

  • Smoke detectors

  • CO detectors


Health promotion

Men

Women

Breast exam

Pap smear

  • Testicular exam


Exposure to carcinogens

  • Tobacco

  • Alcohol

  • Chemicals

  • Viruses

  • Sun


Accidents

  • Eye

  • Hearing

  • Work


Obesity

  • 20-30% excess body weight


Stress

  • management


Family Planning

  • Birth control


Middle Adulthood

  • 40 - 60

Growth & development

NOT

Decline & regression


Height & weight

  • Height

    • i

    • 1-4 inches

  • Redistribution


Muscle & bone development

  • Osteoporosis


Skin

  • dermis

    • i elasticity


Developmental milestones


Sexual development

  • Menopause

    • 45 – 55 year

    • Ave 51

  • S&S

    • Irregular

    • Hot flashes

    • Palpitations

    • i strength

    • Facial hair

    • i vaginal secretions

    • Sleep disturbances / fatigue


According to Erikson, what is the developmental task for middle adults?

  • Ego integrity

  • Generativity

  • Intimacy

  • Identity

  • Industry


Failure to achieve Generativity results in what?

  • Stagnation

  • Despair

  • Isolation

  • Role confusion

  • poverty


Est. & adjusting to new family roles

  • Empty-nesters

  • Grandparents

  • Parent-child

  • Child-parent


Est. economic security


Maintaining Positive self image


Evaluating & redesigning career

  • Retraining


Cognitive development

  • Re-entry student


Moral development

  • Spirituality


Nutrition

  • Metabolism


Sleep & rest


Exercise & Leisure

  • Remain active


Safety

  • Accident prevention

  • OSHA


  • Login