Cot african trade with eurasia
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COT : African Trade with Eurasia. West and East Ghana-Songhai Axum-Swahili city-states. From stateless Societies to Empires the Desire for Sudanic Gold Permeated the period, the Arab Slave trade will Also begin this Period and Continue through The 20 th century.

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COT : African Trade with Eurasia

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Cot african trade with eurasia

COT : African Trade with Eurasia

West and East

Ghana-Songhai

Axum-Swahili city-states


Africa during the post classical period

From stateless

Societies to

Empires the

Desire for

Sudanic Gold

Permeated the

period, the Arab

Slave trade will

Also begin this

Period and

Continue through

The 20th century

Africa During the Post classical Period

East Coast begins

As Christian

Kingdom of

Axum est

Mediterranean

And Red Sea

Trade with Rome

Later Byzantine

Only to move

Inward once

Muslim invaders

Come in and

Integrate into

Coastal (Swahili)

City-states


African kingdom similarities and differences

Common Elements in African Societies

Bantu migration(ends 1000 C.E)

Animism

lineage important in relation with god (matrilineal)

Women elevated in society (bridewealth)

The Arrival of Islam in North Africa

Arrival of Islam (Spain, by 711)

Berber Almoravids

Almohads

succeed Berbers, 12th century

Kingdom of mali est. 13thhce providing 2/3 of World’s gold

The Christian Kingdoms: Nubia and EthiopiaCopts

Egyptian Christians

spread to Nubia (Kush) Ethiopia-interior migration after Muslim expansion

African Kingdom Similarities and Differences


Empires of africa

Kingdoms of the Grasslands

Caravans

Sahel - transfer point

Sudanic States

Rulers sacred

Islam

The Empire of Mali

Malinke peoples from Ghana

Agriculture, gold trade

Sundiata (d.1260)

the “Lion Prince”

mansa (ruler)

expanded state

Mansa Kankan Musa

pilgrimage

Ishal al-Sahili (Sp. Architect)

beaten clay architecture

Established city of Timbuktu (Islamic Scholarship flourishes)

Empires of Africa

Empires of the Western Sudan


African kingdoms

City Dwellers and Villagers

Jenne, Timbuktu

thrive with expansion

Some merchants

Religious diffusion?

Majority farmers

The Songhay Kingdom (Capital: Gao)

Middle Niger valley

Independent by 700

Muslim by 1010

Sunni Ali (1464-1492)

Hausa states, northern Nigeria

Muslim center

Political and Social Life in the Sudanic States

Fusion of traditions

African Kingdoms


Swahili coast

Swahili Coast

The Swahili Coast

  • The Swahili Coast of East Africa

  • Trading ports

    • Muslim influence

    • Cultural diffusion and synthesis

  • The Coastal Trading Ports (*Mogadishu*, Mombasa, Malindi, Kilwa, Pate, Zanzibar)

    • Don’t need to know, just be familiar

  • Madagascar

    • SEA imports

  • Blended culture (Bantu-Arabic-India)


Swahili coast cont d

Swahili Coast (cont’d)

  • The Mixture of Cultures on the Swahili Coast

  • Islam unifies

  • Other Characteristics

  • Egalitarian/homogenous to cosmopolitan/diverse

  • Key Exports & Imports (interior African goods for exterior Eurasian good)

  • Two distinct “trading seasons”

  • Connection to China?

    • When did this exchange with China end?


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