Is there a de facto national curriculum evidence from state content standards
Download
1 / 35

Is There a De Facto National Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on

Is There a De Facto National Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards. Andrew Porter and Morgan Polikoff, University of Pennsylvania John Smithson, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Background. Success of standards based reform depends on alignment

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Is There a De Facto National Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards' - iolani


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Is there a de facto national curriculum evidence from state content standards

Is There a De Facto National Curriculum? Evidence from State Content Standards

Andrew Porter and Morgan Polikoff, University of Pennsylvania

John Smithson,

University of Wisconsin-Madison


Background
Background Content Standards

  • Success of standards based reform depends on alignment

  • National vs. state content standards

  • Policy attributes theory


Questions
Questions Content Standards

  • To what extent does there exist a de facto national curriculum, as represented by state content standards?

  • How focused are state content standards?

  • How demarcated is content across grade levels?

  • To what extent are state content standards aligned with national professional standards?


Procedures
Procedures Content Standards

  • Surveys of Enacted Curriculum

    • Two-dimensional (content & cognitive demand)

    • ELAR, science, mathematics

    • Coarse- and fine-grained analysis

  • Alignment

    • Scale from 0 to 1 with 1=perfect alignment

    • Calculated at the fine grain


Data Content Standards

  • Completed since 2003

  • Grades 4 & 8

    • 14 states in mathematics, ELAR; 13 states in science; NSE & NCTM

  • Grades K-8 or 1-8

    • 10 states in math, 7 in ELAR, 4 in science; NSE & NCTM


Results
Results Content Standards

Average alignment, maximums, and minimums among

state content standards and national professional standards



Coarse grained content maps for the two least aligned states elar grade 8
Coarse-grained content maps for the two least aligned states, ELAR grade 8

Alignment = .07


Coarse grained content maps for the most aligned state science grades 4 and 8
Coarse-grained content maps for the most aligned state, Science grades 4 and 8

Alignment = .52


Coarse grained content maps for the least aligned state science grades 4 and 8
Coarse-grained content maps for the least aligned state, Science grades 4 and 8

Alignment = .12


Coarse grained content maps for the two most aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Coarse-grained content maps for the two most aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8

Alignment = .62


Coarse grained content maps for the two least aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Coarse-grained content maps for the two least aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8

Alignment = .36


Coarse grained content maps for the most aligned state to nse standards science grades 1 8
Coarse grained content maps for the most aligned state to NSE Standards, Science grades 1-8

Alignment = .50


Coarse grained content maps for the least aligned state to nctm standards mathematics grades 1 8
Coarse grained content maps for the least aligned state to NCTM Standards, Mathematics grades 1-8

Alignment = .35



Conclusions
Conclusions ELAR grade 4

  • No evidence of a de facto national curriculum

    • Alignments moderate when aggregated across grades, low for individual grades

  • Some evidence of small core curriculum

    • 8-13 cells per subject with emphasis > .01

    • Capture 10-36% of content depending on state/subject






Fine grained content maps for earth systems for the most aligned state science grades 4 and 8
Fine-grained content maps for Earth Systems for the most aligned state, Science grades 4 and 8



Fine grained content maps for earth systems for the least aligned state science grades 4 and 8
Fine-grained content maps for Earth Systems for the least aligned state, Science grades 4 and 8



Fine grained content maps for number sense for the two most aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Fine-grained content maps for Number Sense for the two most aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for basic algebra for the two most aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Fine-grained content maps for Basic Algebra for the two most aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for number sense for the two least aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Fine-grained content maps for Number Sense for the two least aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for basic algebra for the two least aligned states mathematics grades 1 8
Fine-grained content maps for Basic Algebra for the two least aligned states, Mathematics grades 1-8




Fine grained content maps for Earth Systems for the most aligned state to NSE Standards, Science grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for Ecology for the most aligned state to NSE Standards, Science grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for Number Sense for the least aligned state to NCTM Standards, Mathematics grades 1-8


Fine grained content maps for Basic Algebra for the least aligned state to NCTM Standards, Mathematics grades 1-8


Conclusions continued
Conclusions, continued aligned state to NCTM Standards, Mathematics grades 1-8

  • Within-state 4-8 alignment as high or higher than between-state alignment

  • State alignment with national professional standards no greater than among states

  • Considerable variation across states in level of focus

    • States use between 2%-14% of the cells to capture 80% of the total curriculum


ad