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Causes of The American Revolution. Conflict in the Colonies. The French and Indian War was over and the English were victorious. The war had been very costly. A permanent army was needed in the colonies. Parliament passed the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act.

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Causes of the american revolution
Causes of The American Revolution

Conflict in the colonies
Conflict in the Colonies

  • The French and Indian War was over and the English were victorious.

  • The war had been very costly.

  • A permanent army was needed in the colonies.

  • Parliament passed the Sugar Act.

The sugar act
The Sugar Act

  • This was the first tax to raise $$$$ in the colonies.

  • The Sugar Act was a tax on molasses and sugar imported by the colonists.

  • Smuggling was prevented by the British navy.

  • Those arrested for smuggling were not given a fair trial.

No taxation without representation
“No Taxation Without Representation”

  • The colonies had no voice in the British Parliament.

  • The colonies were not asked about taxation.

  • James Otis and Samuel Adams became spokesmen for the Bostonians against Parliament.

  • Adams helped found the Committees of Correspondence.

What is a boycott
What is a Boycott?

  • A boycott is a refusal to buy a certain product.

  • The colonists used a boycott to convince Parliament to repeal (end) the tax on sugar.

  • The boycott was unsuccessful.

The stamp act of 1765
The Stamp Act of 1765

  • The Stamp Act was a new way to tax the colonists.

  • Everyone had to pay for a special stamp on all paper products-newspapers, licenses, etc.

  • Refusal to pay the tax would result in fines or arrest.

  • The Sons of Liberty was formed.

The sons of liberty
The Sons of Liberty

  • Sam Adams was a founder.

  • Violence was a tool of this protest group.

  • The Sons of Liberty gave the colonists a voice and another way to protest the actions of Parliament.

The declaratory act
The Declaratory Act

  • Parliament was upset that the colonists challenged its authority.

  • Parliament issued the Declaratory Act.

  • This act stated that Parliament had power to make any laws that it felt necessary in any situation.

The townshend acts
The Townshend Acts

  • Parliament had finally repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.

  • In 1767, it passed the Townshend Acts.

  • This act placed a tax on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.

  • Tax collectors used “writs of assistance” to search for smuggled goods.

  • A new form of protest included “tarring and feathering”.

Boston massacre
Boston Massacre

  • The Sons of Liberty continued with their protests in Boston.

  • British soldiers arrived in 1768.

  • March 5, 1770, a soldier standing guard had an argument with a colonist. Snowballs were thrown at the soldier. A crowd grew, soldiers came to his rescue, and a shot was fired into the mob. Five colonists were killed.

  • The story was spread over all the colonies.

Boston tea party
Boston Tea Party

  • Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts.

  • The tax on tea remained.

  • Tea smuggling increased.

  • The Tea Act of 1773 was passed.

  • Only the British East India Co. could sell tea, which angered local merchants.

  • 340 crates of BEI tea were dumped into Boston Harbor by colonists on Dec. 16, 1773

The intolerable acts
The Intolerable Acts

  • The Intolerable Acts, 1774, were called the Coercive Acts by Parliament and the Intolerable Acts by the Colonists.

  • They were passed to punish Boston.