Furniture construction and selection
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InStyle Interiors was started in 1999 with a mission to provide a world class interiors with reasonable prices.

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Furniture construction and selection

Furniture Construction and Selection


Qualities of hardwoods

Qualities of Hardwoods

  • Greater dimensional stability

  • Less pitch

  • More durability

  • Harder

  • Holds nails and screws better

  • Less likely to dent


Hardwoods commonly used

Hardwoods commonly used

  • Maple

  • Cherry

  • Pecan

  • Oak

  • Walnut


Qualities of softwoods

Qualities of Softwoods

  • Develops checks and cracks

  • Not as strong as hardwood

  • Less expensive than hardwood


Softwoods commonly used

Softwoods commonly used

  • Cedar

  • Pine

  • Redwood

  • Cypress


Veneers

Veneers

  • Definition

    • Thin slices of wood

  • Advantages of using veneers

    • Solid wood is too expensive

    • Solid wood is too heavy

    • Greater strength

    • Less cost


Furniture joints

Furniture Joints

  • Important because they affect the life of the furniture, it’s durability, and it’s strength.


Types of joints

Types of Joints

Biscuit Mortise and tenon Rabbet Butt

Mitered Dado Lap Dovetail


Parts of upholstered furniture

Parts of Upholstered Furniture

  • Frame

    • Should be kiln dried hardwood

    • Joints should be strengthened

  • Cushioning materials

    • Springs in seat bases

    • Thick cushioning applied over springs and frame.

    • Foam, fiberfill, and down are used.


Support springs in mattresses

Support Springs in Mattresses

  • Box springs

    • Coils attached to a base covered with padding

  • Coil springs:

    • Same as box, but not covered or padded

  • Flat springs:

    • Frame with flat springs

  • Number of coils?

    • Good quality has 300 or more


Metals in furniture construction

Metals in Furniture Construction

  • Aluminum

  • Iron

  • Steel

  • Used for:

    • Lawn chairs

    • Outdoor furniture

    • Modern furniture


Advantages and disadvantages of using metal furnishings

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Metal Furnishings

  • Advantages:

    • Light or heavy

    • Inexpensive

    • Strong

  • Disadvantages:

    • Bends

    • Dents

    • Brittle

    • Rusts and tarnishes


Plastic furniture

Plastic furniture

  • Advantages:

    • Imitates other materials

    • Light weight

    • Durable

    • Inexpensive

    • Easy to clean


Buying case furniture

Buying Case Furniture

  • Check for:

    • Surface finish, back and inside finish

    • Solid construction

    • Sturdy base

    • Working parts

    • Drawers open smoothly


Buying upholstered furniture

Buying Upholstered Furniture

  • Check for:

    • Zippers

    • Underlining

    • Spring quality

    • Comfort


Shopping for furniture

Shopping for Furniture

  • Information and materials you should take with you when you shop for furniture:

    • Measurements: what size are door openings

    • Colors: Carpet, wallpaper, paint, fabric to match


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