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Multilingual Issues in the Representation of International Bibliographic Standards for the Semantic Web. Gordon Dunsire Independent Consultant; Chair of IFLA Namespaces Technical Group Presented at W3C Multilingual Web Workshop, Rome, 12-13 March 2013.

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Gordon Dunsire Independent Consultant; Chair of IFLA Namespaces Technical Group

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Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

Multilingual Issues in the Representation of International Bibliographic Standards for the Semantic Web

Gordon Dunsire

Independent Consultant; Chair of IFLA Namespaces Technical Group

Presented at W3C Multilingual Web Workshop, Rome, 12-13 March 2013


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) maintains global standards for the library/bibliographic environment:

  • Functional Requirements family of models for

    • Bibliographic Records (FRBR)

    • Authority Data (FRAD)

    • Subject Authority Data (FRSAD)

  • International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD)

    • Catalogue record structure and content

  • UNIMARC

    • Catalogue and Authority record data format

    • Based on ISBD


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

IFLA has its own namespace

“http://iflastandards.info”

Used for representation of models, schemas, and terminologies as element sets and value vocabularies in Resource Description Framework

Supports conversion of bibliographic records to library linked data without loss of information

Element sets and vocabularies maintained in the Open Metadata Registry


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

  • 7 official languages

  • Bibliographic standards developed in English

  • Translated into many (7++) languages

Multilingual website launched February 2013

with Spanish version


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

Opaque URIs


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

Translation into Spanish exposed some issues


Translation issues

Translation issues

  • Scope

    • Priority for developers: Element definition and label

    • Priority for users: Concept label and definition

  • Style (verbal phrasing, CamelCase, etc.)

    • What is ok in one language may not be in another

  • Source

    • Translation of namespace vs source documentation

  • Disambiguation

    • Methods for creating unique labels may vary between languages

  • Language inflection (not an issue in English)


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

Local schedule

Partial translation


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

RDF value vocabulary

… for authoritative translations of IFLA cataloguing standards and related documents.


Gordon dunsire independent consultant chair of ifla namespaces technical group

26+ languages


Thank you

Thank you!

  • [email protected]

  • http://iflastandards.info/ns/fr/

  • http://iflastandards.info/ns/isbd/

  • MulDiCat

    • http://metadataregistry.org/vocabulary/show/id/299.html

  • UNIMARC

    • Real soon now


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