A Fresh Perspective on Cold Nuclear Matter Effects. Patrick L. McGaughey and Ivan Vitev, LANL. Shadowing, energy loss and multiple scattering. Why should you care about nuclear effects?
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Patrick L. McGaughey and Ivan Vitev, LANL
Shadowing, energy loss and multiple scattering
Why should you care about nuclear effects?
Nuclear effects provide significant background for A-A collisions, especially at forward rapidities.
Effects are large - factors of two or more suppression versus p-p
Fundamental physics -
Form and magnitude of partonic energy loss is unknown.
Origin and magnitude of shadowing is unknown -
models : initial state suppression, gluon recombination
final state, dynamical coherent scattering
Multiple scattering of partons - Cronin effect
Fragmentation and formation time effects - quark mass effects
PHENIX Forward Upgrade Meeting,
Santa Fe, May15, 2007
Energy loss of incident gluon shifts effective xF and produces nuclear suppression which increases with xF
xFProblem : Nuclear dependence of J/g+g cc (small xF) or q+q cc (large xF)
PHENIX PRL 96, 032001 (2006)
J/ for different s collisions
Factor 2 X
= X1 – X2
10 GeV quarks?
Q = 2 GeV
Eskola, Kolhinen, Vogt hep-ph/0104124
NA50What about gluon shadowing ?
Frankfurt and Strikman
Low x quarks?2 ~ 0.003
R. Vogt, nucl-th/0507027
J/ suppression in p+A and A+A collisions
R. Vogt CNM calcs.
Absorption : J/ + X DD
Shadowing alone (EKS 0 mb curves) seems to have little effect on
Either large absorption or energy loss seems required for A+A
E pT2, E L2 both small for DY
demonstrates energy loss is important
q, g quarks?The Basic Idea of Initial-State Energy Lossand Multiple Scattering
High energy p+A collisions:
Relevant D.O.F.: quarks & gluons
(Can be selected to eliminate FSI)
Gluon radiation carries of energy
and is associated with increased pT
of incident parton before the hard
For collinear (low pT) gluons, scattering is coherent!
Most important: the interference pattern
between the bremsstrahlung from hard
and soft scattering!
First principles calculation
of quark shadowing in DIS
using perturbative QCD does
Note that this is not an initial
state effect (gluons in nucleus
are not changed) !
y ~ 4
Energy loss is required.
Theory shows energy loss is important at all jet energies!
Minimum bias: difficult to
discern cold nuclear E loss,
due to large contribution from
the peripheral collisions
Central: clearly favors large
cold nuclear matter E loss
I.V. in preparation
Energy loss important at all rapidities!
E906 Spect. final-state scattering (Vitev)
Monte CarloThe E906 Experiment at Fermilab
of 120 GeV
Quark energy loss only
Need Q2 large enough to
avoid shadowing region :
at large pT
esp at y=0
Out of shadowing
Quarkonium also states have complicated
final state interactions
Parameters in Ivan’s calculations: final-state scattering (Vitev)