VCE History: Unit 3. Crisis of Dual Authority. Abdication of Nicholas II was most significant event of the February revolution.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Crisis of Dual Authority
Abdication of Nicholas II was most significant event of the February revolution.
From February through to April the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet generally worked together and were supported by the revolutionary parties, including the Bolsheviks.
Chairman of the State Duma, Rodzianko formed the PG and Prince Lvov was appointed Prime Minister (both from the existing ruling class).
The Provisional Government offered many freedoms that the Tsar had denied:
However, it was the Petrograd Soviet, formed with 600 soldiers and workers who had control of important functions such as the army, railways, communications, employers and employees. They were very powerful.
Soviet Order No. 1 provides evidence of this power:
but had mass support and control of key
military and infrastructure.
Provisional Government – authority placed in hands of elite brains trust, derived from Tsar’s Duma. Had decision-making power but always at the risk of PS disagreement and questioned because of their position in the tsarist system.SP vs PG
Weak political and popular foundation – they weren’t voted in, were always temporary and represented an elitist tsarism that had caused revolution in the first place.
As of April 1917 the Bolshevik influence was limited with most leaders exiled in Europe or Siberia.
Lenin was radical, seeking exclusive power for the Bolshevik’s.
The Mensheviks were a more moderate party, with Bogdanov declaring Lenin’s thesis as ‘madness’.
By late June the country was collapsing socially and economically, with 568 factories closing down and the dismissal of 104,000 workers.
Despite the July Days being a disaster it turned out well for the Bolshevik’s because:
Kerensky was appointed Prime Minister of the PG, two days after the July Days revolt and attacked the Bolshevik’s (arrested leaders, banned Pravda etc).
By defeating Kornilov and his troops, the Bolshevik support grew rapidly with voting in the Moscow Soviet growing from 11% in July to 51% in September.
The Bolshevik’s were poised to take advantage of: