VCE History: Unit 3. Crisis of Dual Authority. Abdication of Nicholas II was most significant event of the February revolution.
Crisis of Dual Authority
The Provisional Government offered many freedoms that the Tsar had denied:
However, it was the Petrograd Soviet, formed with 600 soldiers and workers who had control of important functions such as the army, railways, communications, employers and employees. They were very powerful.
Soviet Order No. 1 provides evidence of this power:
Petrograd Soviet – no ‘official authority’
but had mass support and control of key
military and infrastructure.
Provisional Government – authority placed in hands of elite brains trust, derived from Tsar’s Duma. Had decision-making power but always at the risk of PS disagreement and questioned because of their position in the tsarist system.SP vs PG
Lenin demanded: Bolshevik’s.
Despite the July Days being a disaster it turned out well for the Bolshevik’s because:
By defeating Kornilov and his troops, the Bolshevik support grew rapidly with voting in the Moscow Soviet growing from 11% in July to 51% in September.
The Bolshevik’s were poised to take advantage of: