Polish-Jewish Relations Before and After the Holocaust. M. Benjamin Thorne, Jan. 14, 2009. Contemporary Poland . Today, Poland’s Jewish population numbers only 3,200 out of 38, 116,000. Most Poles know little about the history of Polish Jews, or even ever met a Jewish person.
M. Benjamin Thorne, Jan. 14, 2009
Born in what is today Lithuania, Piłsudski was committed during World War I to reuniting the lands of partitioned Poland.
Recognizing the threat faced by a multiethnic state during the age of nationalism, Piłsudski
The most recent controversy is the theft of the “ArbeitMachtFrei” sign above the main gate into Auschwitz, which occurred on December 18, 2009.
The theft provoked anger and condemnation from Jews, Poles, and general world opinion.
The sign—like Auschwitz itself—remains a symbol with very different meanings for Poles and Jews.