Health 14 th 19 th century european history
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Health: 14 th -19 th Century European History. By Kassi , Clare, Kendall. Unit I : The Late Middle Ages, The Renaissance, The Reformation. Chapters 11, 12, 13. The Little Ice Age. Drop in overall temperatures Shortened growing seasons 1315-1317 heavy rains destroyed harvests

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Health 14 th 19 th century european history

Health: 14th-19th Century European History

By Kassi, Clare, Kendall


Unit i the late middle ages the renaissance the reformation

Unit I: The Late Middle Ages, The Renaissance, The Reformation

Chapters 11, 12, 13


The little ice age

The Little Ice Age

  • Drop in overall temperatures

  • Shortened growing seasons

  • 1315-1317 heavy rains destroyed harvests

  • Caused extreme hunger and starvation

  • Killed 10% of European population in first half of 14th century

  • Malnutrition

    • Disease

    • Infant mortalitity


The black death

The Black Death

  • mid 14th century

  • Originated in Asia

  • Spread by rats and fleas

  • Symptoms: high fever, aching joints, swelling of lymph nodes, internal bleeding

  • Killed 50-60% of victims

  • 20-50% of total European population killed

  • Reactions by population

    • Indulgent living

    • Flagellants

  • Revolts

  • Look in to medical knowledge

  • Health/sanitation laws made


New directions in medicine

New Directions in Medicine

  • Hippocrates

  • Galen: 4 humors

    • Phlegm

    • Yellow bile

    • Black bile

    • blood

  • Physicians had little or no practice

  • Rise of surgeons

  • Anatomy

  • Medical textbooks made

  • 14th century: 6 medical schools

    • Paris most prestigious


Unit ii exploration conquest state building

Unit II: Exploration, Conquest, State Building

Chapters 14, 15


Conquest

Conquest

  • Aztecs and Incas

    • No immunity to European germs

      • Measles, small pox


Unit iii the scientific revolution the enlightenment

Unit III: The Scientific Revolution, The Enlightenment

Chapters 16, 17


Advancements in medicine

Advancements in Medicine

  • Galen

    • Incorrect anatomy based on animals

    • Treatment based on imbalance of humors

    • Belief in two separate body systems

      • Muscular and digestive

  • Paracelsus

    • Macrocosmic-Microcosm philosophy

    • Disease caused by chemical imbalances

      • Treated by chemical remedies

  • Vesalius

    • Anatomy of humans

    • Corrected Galen’s theory of blood from liver

  • Harvey

    • Blood from heart

    • blood makes a complete circuit

      • One body system

    • Modern foundation of physiology


World of medicine

World of Medicine

  • Hospitals = bad sanitary conditions

  • Hierarchy of practitioners

    • Physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, midwifes, faith healers


Popular culture

Popular Culture

  • Alcohol

    • Gin, vodka

      • Poor would drink selves into oblivion


Unit iv european states war social change and revolution

Unit IV: European States: War, Social Change, and Revolution

Chapters 18, 19


Growth of european population

Growth of European Population

  • Decline in death rate

    • Plentiful food

    • Better transportation of food supply

      • Improved diets

  • Introduction of new crops

    • Potatoes

    • Corn

      • More nutritious food supply

  • End of Plague

  • Typhus, small pox, influenza, dysentery

  • Poor hygienic conditions


Birth control

Birth Control

  • Coitus interruptus

    • End of 18th century: used to limit number of children


An agricultural revolution

An Agricultural Revolution

  • Increases in food production

    • More farm land

    • Healthier livestock

      • Increase in meat in European diet

    • Improved climate

    • JethroTull

      • Use of hoe

      • Seed drill


Peasant diet

Peasant Diet

  • Dark bread = staple

  • Water, wine, beer

  • Potatoes, corn

  • More susceptible to disease when harvests were bad


Unit v industrial revolution and reform

Unit V: Industrial Revolution and Reform

Chapter 20, 21


Population growth

Population Growth

  • 140 million: 1750

  • 266 million: 1850

  • Drop in number of deaths from famines

  • Plague and small pox numbers declined

  • Better food supply

    • More resistant to disease


The great hunger

The Great Hunger

  • The Potato Famine

    • Ireland

    • Struck by fungus

      • Turned potatoes black

    • Decimated Irish population

    • Over a million died of starvation and disease

    • Almost 2 million emigrated to the United States


Urban living conditions in the early industrial revolution

Urban Living Conditions in the Early Industrial Revolution

  • Dramatic growth of cities

    • Miserable living conditions

  • 1 toilet for 20 families

  • Manchester, England: 1842

    • Average life span = 17 years

  • Countryside, England: 1842

    • Average life span = 38-40 years

  • Cholera

  • Edward Chadwick

    • Reported on conditions of laboring population

  • Public Health Act 1848

    • Attempted to clean unsanitary conditions


Factory conditions during the industrial revolution

Factory Conditions during the Industrial Revolution

  • Awful

  • 12-16 hour work days

  • 6 day weeks

  • Little breaks for food

    • malnutrition

  • Dangerous cave-ins, explosions, gas fumes in mines

    • Cramped conditions

      • Deformed bodies

    • Dampness

      • Ruined lungs


Factory reforms

Factory Reforms

  • Improved conditions slightly

  • Longer breaks

  • Shorter work days

  • Women and children couldn’t work in coal mines


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • Western Civilization

    • Spielvogel

  • AP Euro Website

    • Gnass

  • Google Images


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