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Early African Kingdoms & Empires PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Early African Kingdoms & Empires. 2012. Pre-Historic Africa. North & North East African Kingdoms. Kingdom of Axum [300-700] Oldest Kingdom in Africa- Ethiopia traces its origins to this ancient city!. Christian Church, Lalibela [Ethiopia] Christian Empire in Africa.

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Early African Kingdoms & Empires

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Early

African

Kingdoms

& Empires

2012


Pre-Historic Africa


North & North East

African

Kingdoms


Kingdom of Axum [300-700]Oldest Kingdom in Africa- Ethiopia traces its origins to this ancient city!


Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia]Christian Empire in Africa


Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia] & Debra Damo Monastery

Coptic Christian Priest


Stele, Ezana’s Royal Tomb,Aksum (4c)


AXUM’SACHIEVEMENTS

Built

Stelae

Controlled NE African

Trade

Written

Language

Terrace

Farming

Spread

Christianity

in No. & E. Africa


Eastern

City-States


African Trade Routes


Swahili-Speaking Areas of E. Africa

SWAHILI [“the coast’] = Bantu + some Arabic


West African

Empires &

Civilizations


Gold-Salt Trade

Berbers

SALT

GOLD


Ghana Empire [4c-11c]

Gold “Money”, Ghana/Ivory Coast


Salt


Mali Empire [13c-15c]

SALT

GOLD


Timbuktu-”Heavenly Clay”


Timbuktu Rooftop, Mosque


Mosque in Gao


Great Mosque at Djenne, Mali


Sundiata [1210-1260]

“Lion Prince”


Mansa Musa [r. 1312-1337]


European Map


Songhai Empire [15c-16c]

SALT

GOLD


Sunni Ali [r.1464-1492]


Askia Mohammed [r.1493-1529]


Migrations

Into &

Within

Africa


Bantu

Migrations:

1000 BCE

To

500 CE


Islamic

Invasions


Southern

African

Kingdoms


Great Zimbabwe [1200-1450]

“Zimbabwe” = “stone enclosure”


Great Zimbabwe Street


Great Enclosure, Zimbabwe


Africa

during the

Age of European

Exploration


Overland & Sea Trade Routes by 16c


African Trade [15c-17c]


AjjjjjfAfrica


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