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Early African Kingdoms & Empires. 2012. Pre-Historic Africa. North & North East African Kingdoms. Kingdom of Axum [300-700] Oldest Kingdom in Africa- Ethiopia traces its origins to this ancient city!. Christian Church, Lalibela [Ethiopia] Christian Empire in Africa.

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Early

African

Kingdoms

& Empires

2012



North & North East

African

Kingdoms


Kingdom of axum 300 700 oldest kingdom in africa ethiopia traces its origins to this ancient city
Kingdom of Axum [300-700]Oldest Kingdom in Africa- Ethiopia traces its origins to this ancient city!


Christian church lalibela ethiopia christian empire in africa
Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia]Christian Empire in Africa


Christian church lalibela ethiopia debra damo monastery
Christian Church, Lalibela[Ethiopia] & Debra Damo Monastery

Coptic Christian Priest



AXUM’SACHIEVEMENTS

Built

Stelae

Controlled NE African

Trade

Written

Language

Terrace

Farming

Spread

Christianity

in No. & E. Africa


Eastern

City-States



Swahili-Speaking Areas of E. Africa

SWAHILI [“the coast’] = Bantu + some Arabic


West African

Empires &

Civilizations


Gold-Salt Trade

Berbers

SALT

GOLD


Ghana Empire [4c-11c]

Gold “Money”, Ghana/Ivory Coast



Mali Empire [13c-15c]

SALT

GOLD






Sundiata [1210-1260]

“Lion Prince”


Mansa Musa [r. 1312-1337]



Songhai Empire [15c-16c]

SALT

GOLD


Sunni Ali [r.1464-1492]


Askia Mohammed [r.1493-1529]


Migrations

Into &

Within

Africa


Bantu

Migrations:

1000 BCE

To

500 CE


Islamic

Invasions


Southern

African

Kingdoms


Great Zimbabwe [1200-1450]

“Zimbabwe” = “stone enclosure”




Africa

during the

Age of European

Exploration





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