A Basic Celtic Timeline
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 6

A Basic Celtic Timeline PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

A Basic Celtic Timeline. Pelagius. Ninian. Patrick. Brigid. Finnian. Brendan. D.circa 461. D circa 549. D.circa 432. D.circa 500. D.circa 687. D.circa 350. D circa 577. D.circa 680. David. Columba. Augustine. Columbanus. Fursey. Aidan. D.circa 589. D. 597. D.circa 601.

Download Presentation

A Basic Celtic Timeline

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

A celtic chronology

A Basic Celtic Timeline







D.circa 461

D circa 549

D.circa 432

D.circa 500

D.circa 687

D.circa 350

D circa 577

D.circa 680







D.circa 589

D. 597

D.circa 601

D. 615


D. 651





D. 680

b. 673

A celtic chronology

A Celtic Chronology


325Athanasius reports that British church accepts decision of Nicaea

c354Birth of Pelagius

c371Martin elect Bishop of Tours, founds monastic community

Emperor Maximus killed; Welsh wife Elen returns to Wales

394Pelagius in Rome

Death of Martin

c400 Christian Community founded at Whithorn

Sack of Rome by Vandals. Roman army leaves Britain

Council of Carthage - Pelagius condemned

c418Birth of Patrick (perhaps in Dumbarton

C425Birth of Illtyd

Sack of Carthage by vandals

Death of Augustine of Hippo

431Palladius sent as Bishop to the Christians in Ireland

435Patrick in Ireland

The Church in Rome accepts the Alexandrian computation of the date of Easter

c450Ninian at Whithorn / Candida Casa

Birth of Brigid in Ireland

c480Birth of Benedict in Ireland

c486Birth of Samson in Britain

c486Birth of Brendan in Ireland

c490Britain attacked by Angles, Saxons, Jutes

500 BC Celts emerged as a distinct race from Central Europe

c. 400 Celts plunder Rome

55/54 Julius Caesar reconnaissance of Britain


c40 ?Joseph of Aramathea in Glastonbury

40/50 Paul converts the Galatians

Romans invade Britain

60Boudicca is military commander of Icenes - leads rebellion

Romans start moving into Scotland

Rebellions in the North - Hadrian’s Wall

178Irenaeus leader of Christian community in Lyon

c180Roman villa near Gloucester with Christian monograms

Tertullian writes of places in Britain that have yielded to Christ

Conversion of Emperor Constantine; Edict of Milan

Council of Arles - Bishop of London, York and ?Colchester present

315-373Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers; first Celtic influential churchman

A celtic chronology

A Celtic Chronology

Death of Patrick

498Kings of Dalriada migrate to Kintyre

Late 5th C

Illtyd founds large monastic school at Llantwit Major

505Death of Illtyd

c516Battle of Badon Hill

Arthur defeats the AngloSaxons?

521Samson becomes Bishop

Birth of Comulba (Columcille) in Ireland

Death of Brigid, Abbess of Kildare

530 - 560 Travels of Brendan the Voyager

533 Kentigern baptised folk at Calbeck well

c537?Death of Arthur at Battle of Canlann

540Gildas writes The Ruin of Britain

c540David becomes Bishop of Caerleon

543Death of Petroc of Cornwall

543Birth of Columbanus in Ireland

546Columba’s first monastic settlement in Derry

547Ida founds Anglian kingdom of Bernicia with capital at Bamburgh

557Foundation of Monastery of Bangor by Comgall

560Death of Samson

c561Foundation of Monastery of Clonfert by Brendan

C562Foundation of Monastery of Lismore by Moluag

565Columba founds monastery on Iona

c 573 Battle of Ardderyd (referred to in Welsh ballads) the Christian King of the Cumbri, Rhyderch of Strathclyde defeated Gwedolen, the pagan Scots king, and brought Kentigern back from Wales to head the church. (80,000 slain)

577Death of Brendan

560 - 580 North Atlantic Travels of Cormac

c589Death of David

591Columbanus begins continental mission

597Death of Columba, June 9th

Augustine arrives in Kent, sent by Pope Gregory the Great in mission to Angles

601Further Roman mission, including Paulinus

603Conference of British Bishops and Abbots with Augustine of Canterbury

by 609Death of Augustine

613Columbanus founds monastery at Bobbio

614Birth of Hilda

615Death of Columanus

616Edwin of Deira defeats Ethelfrith of Bernicia.

Ethelfrith’s sons (including Oswald) flee to Argyll, educated on Iona.

617Edwin established as king north of the Humber(Northumbria) Chase (Doncaster). Ethelburgh and Paulinus flee to Kent

Osric becomes king of Deira; Eanfrithreturns from Iona and becomes king of Bernicia. Both apostasize. In further fighting both are killed by Cadwallon.

Death of Fursey

618St Donan killed on Eigg by ?Vikings

624Birth of Adomnan, Abbot of Iona, Columba’s biographer

625Marriage of Edwin of Northumbria and Ethelburgh of Kent; Ethelburh brings Bishop Paulinus with her to Bamburgh

A celtic chronology

A Celtic Chronology

626Eanfled, daughter of Edwin and Ethelburh, baptised, with twelve others.

627 Edwin converts and is baptised at York. Mass baptisms, including Hilda (now aged 13)

Paulinus baptising at Yeavering

628Birth of BenedictBiscop

630Fursey of Ireland founds monastery in East Anglia

633Cadwallon of Gwynned and Penda of Mercia attack and kill EEdwin at Battle of Hatfield

634Oswald plants cross in the soil and defeats Cadwallon at Battle of Heavenfield. Becomes king of the united kingdoms of Deira and Bernicia.

Birth of Wilfrid

Birth of Cuthbert

635Mission of Corman to Bernicia - Mission fails -

Aidan consecrated Bishop on Iona and sent to

Northumbria, bases his mission on Lindisfarne. Goes on to found monastery at Melrose and other northern sites; encourages Hilda to the religious life.

636South of Ireland accepts Roman Order

642Oswald killed by Penda at Oswestry

Oswy (Oswald’s younger brother) becomes king of Bernicia.

Oswin becomes King of Deira and close friend of Aidan

651Oswin killed at instruction of Oswiu

Aidan dies at Bamburgh (August 31st),

buried at Lindisfarne.

Finan becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

Cuthbert enters monastery at Melrose under Boisil as Prior

652Wilfred and BenedictBiscop visit Rome

653Cedd evangelizes the East Saxons and becomes their bishop. Builds stone church at Bradwell (Essex)

654Cuthbert becomes guest-master at newly founded monastery at Ripon

655Repentant Oswy unites Deira and Bernicia

Penda killed. Mercia open to the Gospel

657Wilfrid and king’s son Alcfrith move Cuthbert and his abbot Eata from Ripon - they return to Melrose. Wilfrid becomes Abbot of Ripon and introduces Benedictine rule.

659Cedd builds monastery at Lastingham and becomes first Abbot

661Colman bishop at Lindisfarne

662Boisil dies of plague; Cuthbert becomes Prior of Melrose; engages in missionary journies.

664Synod of Whitby chaired by King Oswy

Colman resigns as Bishop of Lindisfarne

and returns to Iona

Cedd and his brother ynebil die of plague

Chad becomes Bishop of York, based at Lastingham

Cuthbert becomes Prior of Lindisfarne

666Wilfrid consecrated Bishop in Gaul

668Theodore of Tarsus becomes Archbishop of Canterbury

c664-669 Cummene’s Life of Columba

669Theodore ‘reconsecrates’ Chad and moves him to Lichfield Wilfrid becomes Bishop of York

670Death of Oswy , succeeded by second son Ecgfrith

672Chad dies of plague, March 2nd

673Birth of Bede, monk historian of Jarrow

A celtic chronology

A Celtic Chronology

674BenedictBiscop founds monastery at Wearmouth

676Cuthbert becomes hermit on the island of Inner Farne

679Adomnan becomes Abbot of Iona

680Death of Hilda, November 17th

Death of Caedmon, poet of Whitby

681BenedictBiscop founds monastery at Jarrow

684Cuthbert appointed Bishop ofLindisfarne, after persuasion by King Ecgfrith and is consecrated (March 26th 685) at York by Archbishop Theodore

685Death of Ecgfrith in battle of Nechtansmere

Aldfrith, scholar and artist, becomes King of Northumbria

686Cuthbert returns to Inner Farne

687Death of Cuthbert , March 20th

688Eadbearht becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

c.692Adomnan‘s Life of Columba written

697Adomnan’sLaw of Innocents, safeguarding women and children from violence, confirmed at synod of Birr, Ireland.

698Translation of Cuthbert’s body, found uncorrupted. Death of Bishop Eadbearht

Eadfrith becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

700Life of Cuthbert written by an anonymous monk of Lindisfarne

Writing of the Lindisfarne Gospels by Eadfrith

Death of Adomnan on Iona

705John becomes Bishop of York

709Death of Bishop Wilfrid

716Iona accepts the Roman Order, under influence of Bishop Ecgbert

717Monks from Iona expelled from Pictland

721Ethelwald (who bound the Lindisfarne Gospels) appointed Bishop of Lindisfarne

Death of Bishop Ecgbert on Iona

731/2The Ecclesiastical History of the English People completed by Bede

735Death of Bede

755Roman order accepted in Wales

793First Viking raid on Lindisfarne - ‘Viking Age’ dated from this raid.

794Viking raids across the Scottish islands

795Iona sacked

802Iona monastery burned to ground

806Viking raid on Iona -68 monks killed at Martyrs’ Bay

807Ionan Community moved to Kells

825Blathmac martyred by Vikings on Iona

847-858 KennethmacAlpin, King of the Scots

875Suggested date for the abandonment of Lindisfarne by Bishop Eardulf and the community. Cuthbert’s coffin and the Lindisfarne Gospels taken on 7 year journey, ending in Chester le Street

Hebridean Norse migrate to Iceland

989Viking raids in Wales; St David’s, Llanilltyd and Llancararn all burnt

Viking presssure uproots Cuthbert’s People, who take his remains to Ripon, and then to Durham

Church built in Durham to house Cuthbert’s relics

A celtic chronology

A Celtic Chronology

1066Last Viking raid in England - William of Normandy (2nd generation Viking) takes the English crown

1069Ethelwine, last of the Saxon Bishops, takes Cuthbert’s relics back to Lindisfarne, to escape King William. Returned them to Durham in 1070

1093Durham Cathedral and Lindisfarne Priory founded

Cuthbert’s relics investigated and found uncorrupted in 1104 and 1537. Last opening of coffin in 1827; body decayed.

1537Lindisfarne Priory dissolved by Henry VIII

  • Login