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A Basic Celtic Timeline. Pelagius. Ninian. Patrick. Brigid. Finnian. Brendan. D.circa 461. D circa 549. D.circa 432. D.circa 500. D.circa 687. D.circa 350. D circa 577. D.circa 680. David. Columba. Augustine. Columbanus. Fursey. Aidan. D.circa 589. D. 597. D.circa 601.

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A Basic Celtic Timeline

Pelagius

Ninian

Patrick

Brigid

Finnian

Brendan

D.circa 461

D circa 549

D.circa 432

D.circa 500

D.circa 687

D.circa 350

D circa 577

D.circa 680

David

Columba

Augustine

Columbanus

Fursey

Aidan

D.circa 589

D. 597

D.circa 601

D. 615

D.634

D. 651

Hilda

Caedmon

Cuthbert

Bede

D. 680

b. 673


A Celtic Chronology

BCE (BC)

325 Athanasius reports that British church accepts decision of Nicaea

c354 Birth of Pelagius

c371 Martin elect Bishop of Tours, founds monastic community

Emperor Maximus killed; Welsh wife Elen returns to Wales

394 Pelagius in Rome

Death of Martin

c400 Christian Community founded at Whithorn

Sack of Rome by Vandals. Roman army leaves Britain

Council of Carthage - Pelagius condemned

c418 Birth of Patrick (perhaps in Dumbarton

C425 Birth of Illtyd

Sack of Carthage by vandals

Death of Augustine of Hippo

431 Palladius sent as Bishop to the Christians in Ireland

435 Patrick in Ireland

The Church in Rome accepts the Alexandrian computation of the date of Easter

c450 Ninian at Whithorn / Candida Casa

Birth of Brigid in Ireland

c480 Birth of Benedict in Ireland

c486 Birth of Samson in Britain

c486 Birth of Brendan in Ireland

c490 Britain attacked by Angles, Saxons, Jutes

500 BC Celts emerged as a distinct race from Central Europe

c. 400 Celts plunder Rome

55/54 Julius Caesar reconnaissance of Britain

CE (AD)

c40 ?Joseph of Aramathea in Glastonbury

40/50 Paul converts the Galatians

Romans invade Britain

60 Boudicca is military commander of Icenes - leads rebellion

Romans start moving into Scotland

Rebellions in the North - Hadrian’s Wall

178 Irenaeus leader of Christian community in Lyon

c180 Roman villa near Gloucester with Christian monograms

Tertullian writes of places in Britain that have yielded to Christ

Conversion of Emperor Constantine; Edict of Milan

Council of Arles - Bishop of London, York and ?Colchester present

315-373 Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers; first Celtic influential churchman


A Celtic Chronology

Death of Patrick

498 Kings of Dalriada migrate to Kintyre

Late 5th C

Illtyd founds large monastic school at Llantwit Major

505 Death of Illtyd

c516 Battle of Badon Hill

Arthur defeats the AngloSaxons?

521 Samson becomes Bishop

Birth of Comulba (Columcille) in Ireland

Death of Brigid, Abbess of Kildare

530 - 560 Travels of Brendan the Voyager

533 Kentigern baptised folk at Calbeck well

c537 ?Death of Arthur at Battle of Canlann

540 Gildas writes The Ruin of Britain

c540 David becomes Bishop of Caerleon

543 Death of Petroc of Cornwall

543 Birth of Columbanus in Ireland

546 Columba’s first monastic settlement in Derry

547 Ida founds Anglian kingdom of Bernicia with capital at Bamburgh

557 Foundation of Monastery of Bangor by Comgall

560 Death of Samson

c561 Foundation of Monastery of Clonfert by Brendan

C562 Foundation of Monastery of Lismore by Moluag

565 Columba founds monastery on Iona

c 573 Battle of Ardderyd (referred to in Welsh ballads) the Christian King of the Cumbri, Rhyderch of Strathclyde defeated Gwedolen, the pagan Scots king, and brought Kentigern back from Wales to head the church. (80,000 slain)

577 Death of Brendan

560 - 580 North Atlantic Travels of Cormac

c589 Death of David

591 Columbanus begins continental mission

597 Death of Columba, June 9th

Augustine arrives in Kent, sent by Pope Gregory the Great in mission to Angles

601 Further Roman mission, including Paulinus

603 Conference of British Bishops and Abbots with Augustine of Canterbury

by 609 Death of Augustine

613 Columbanus founds monastery at Bobbio

614 Birth of Hilda

615 Death of Columanus

616 Edwin of Deira defeats Ethelfrith of Bernicia.

Ethelfrith’s sons (including Oswald) flee to Argyll, educated on Iona.

617 Edwin established as king north of the Humber(Northumbria) Chase (Doncaster). Ethelburgh and Paulinus flee to Kent

Osric becomes king of Deira; Eanfrith returns from Iona and becomes king of Bernicia. Both apostasize. In further fighting both are killed by Cadwallon.

Death of Fursey

618 St Donan killed on Eigg by ?Vikings

624 Birth of Adomnan, Abbot of Iona, Columba’s biographer

625 Marriage of Edwin of Northumbria and Ethelburgh of Kent; Ethelburh brings Bishop Paulinus with her to Bamburgh


A Celtic Chronology

626 Eanfled, daughter of Edwin and Ethelburh, baptised, with twelve others.

627 Edwin converts and is baptised at York. Mass baptisms, including Hilda (now aged 13)

Paulinus baptising at Yeavering

628 Birth of BenedictBiscop

630 Fursey of Ireland founds monastery in East Anglia

633 Cadwallon of Gwynned and Penda of Mercia attack and kill EEdwin at Battle of Hatfield

634 Oswald plants cross in the soil and defeats Cadwallon at Battle of Heavenfield. Becomes king of the united kingdoms of Deira and Bernicia.

Birth of Wilfrid

Birth of Cuthbert

635 Mission of Corman to Bernicia - Mission fails -

Aidan consecrated Bishop on Iona and sent to

Northumbria, bases his mission on Lindisfarne. Goes on to found monastery at Melrose and other northern sites; encourages Hilda to the religious life.

636 South of Ireland accepts Roman Order

642 Oswald killed by Penda at Oswestry

Oswy (Oswald’s younger brother) becomes king of Bernicia.

Oswin becomes King of Deira and close friend of Aidan

651 Oswin killed at instruction of Oswiu

Aidan dies at Bamburgh (August 31st),

buried at Lindisfarne.

Finan becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

Cuthbert enters monastery at Melrose under Boisil as Prior

652 Wilfred and BenedictBiscop visit Rome

653 Cedd evangelizes the East Saxons and becomes their bishop. Builds stone church at Bradwell (Essex)

654 Cuthbert becomes guest-master at newly founded monastery at Ripon

655 Repentant Oswy unites Deira and Bernicia

Penda killed. Mercia open to the Gospel

657 Wilfrid and king’s son Alcfrith move Cuthbert and his abbot Eata from Ripon - they return to Melrose. Wilfrid becomes Abbot of Ripon and introduces Benedictine rule.

659 Cedd builds monastery at Lastingham and becomes first Abbot

661 Colman bishop at Lindisfarne

662 Boisil dies of plague; Cuthbert becomes Prior of Melrose; engages in missionary journies.

664 Synod of Whitby chaired by King Oswy

Colman resigns as Bishop of Lindisfarne

and returns to Iona

Cedd and his brother ynebil die of plague

Chad becomes Bishop of York, based at Lastingham

Cuthbert becomes Prior of Lindisfarne

666 Wilfrid consecrated Bishop in Gaul

668 Theodore of Tarsus becomes Archbishop of Canterbury

c664-669 Cummene’s Life of Columba

669 Theodore ‘reconsecrates’ Chad and moves him to Lichfield Wilfrid becomes Bishop of York

670 Death of Oswy , succeeded by second son Ecgfrith

672 Chad dies of plague, March 2nd

673 Birth of Bede, monk historian of Jarrow


A Celtic Chronology

674 BenedictBiscop founds monastery at Wearmouth

676 Cuthbert becomes hermit on the island of Inner Farne

679 Adomnan becomes Abbot of Iona

680 Death of Hilda, November 17th

Death of Caedmon, poet of Whitby

681 BenedictBiscop founds monastery at Jarrow

684 Cuthbert appointed Bishop ofLindisfarne, after persuasion by King Ecgfrith and is consecrated (March 26th 685) at York by Archbishop Theodore

685 Death of Ecgfrith in battle of Nechtansmere

Aldfrith, scholar and artist, becomes King of Northumbria

686 Cuthbert returns to Inner Farne

687 Death of Cuthbert , March 20th

688 Eadbearht becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

c.692 Adomnan‘s Life of Columba written

697 Adomnan’sLaw of Innocents, safeguarding women and children from violence, confirmed at synod of Birr, Ireland.

698 Translation of Cuthbert’s body, found uncorrupted. Death of Bishop Eadbearht

Eadfrith becomes Bishop of Lindisfarne

700 Life of Cuthbert written by an anonymous monk of Lindisfarne

Writing of the Lindisfarne Gospels by Eadfrith

Death of Adomnan on Iona

705 John becomes Bishop of York

709 Death of Bishop Wilfrid

716 Iona accepts the Roman Order, under influence of Bishop Ecgbert

717 Monks from Iona expelled from Pictland

721 Ethelwald (who bound the Lindisfarne Gospels) appointed Bishop of Lindisfarne

Death of Bishop Ecgbert on Iona

731/2 The Ecclesiastical History of the English People completed by Bede

735 Death of Bede

755 Roman order accepted in Wales

793 First Viking raid on Lindisfarne - ‘Viking Age’ dated from this raid.

794 Viking raids across the Scottish islands

795 Iona sacked

802 Iona monastery burned to ground

806 Viking raid on Iona -68 monks killed at Martyrs’ Bay

807 Ionan Community moved to Kells

825 Blathmac martyred by Vikings on Iona

847-858 KennethmacAlpin, King of the Scots

875 Suggested date for the abandonment of Lindisfarne by Bishop Eardulf and the community. Cuthbert’s coffin and the Lindisfarne Gospels taken on 7 year journey, ending in Chester le Street

Hebridean Norse migrate to Iceland

989 Viking raids in Wales; St David’s, Llanilltyd and Llancararn all burnt

Viking presssure uproots Cuthbert’s People, who take his remains to Ripon, and then to Durham

Church built in Durham to house Cuthbert’s relics


A Celtic Chronology

1066 Last Viking raid in England - William of Normandy (2nd generation Viking) takes the English crown

1069 Ethelwine, last of the Saxon Bishops, takes Cuthbert’s relics back to Lindisfarne, to escape King William. Returned them to Durham in 1070

1093 Durham Cathedral and Lindisfarne Priory founded

Cuthbert’s relics investigated and found uncorrupted in 1104 and 1537. Last opening of coffin in 1827; body decayed.

1537 Lindisfarne Priory dissolved by Henry VIII


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