Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites
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Egypt becomes the new home for the Israelites. Joseph and his family moved from Canaan to Egypt and they brought everything with them. Joseph s family became honored guests in Egypt. They were even given the best land called Goshen . Upper. Lower.

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Egypt becomes the new home for the Israelites

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Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

Egypt becomes the new home for the Israelites

  • Joseph and his family moved from Canaan to Egypt and they brought everything with them.

  • Joseph s family became honored guests in Egypt. They were even given the best land called Goshen.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

Upper

Lower

  • Egypt was divided in the south it was ruled by Egyptians but in the north it was ruled by others.

  • Two Egyptian brothers who were both kings took over northern Egypt and united it and expelled foreigners and in many cases enslaved them. This period was called the New Kingdom.


Enslavement

Enslavement

  • Hundreds of years passed and Joseph and his family died but the Israelites grew. The new pharaoh did not know of Joseph and he saw how numerous the Israelites were and he decided to enslave them.

  • In the book of Exodus we learn how the Israelites were enslaved. Exodus means departure. In the book of Exodus we see God taking his people back to Canaan. This journey symbolizes the departure from slavery to freedom.

  • The Israelites could no longer worship God and they worked many long and hard hours so in their misery they called out to God.


God chose moses to lead his people

God chose Moses to lead His people

  • 15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah, 16 “When you are helping the Hebrew women during childbirth on the delivery stool, if you see that the baby is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live.” 17 The midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys live. 18 Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?”

  • 19 The midwives answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive.”

  • 20 So God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even more numerous. 21 And because the midwives feared God, he gave them families of their own.

  • 22 Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: “Every Hebrew boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live.”


The birth of moses

The Birth of Moses

2Now a man of the tribe of Levi married a Levite woman, 2 and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months. 3 But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket[a] for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. 4 His sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.

5 Then Pharaoh’s daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and her attendants were walking along the riverbank. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her female slave to get it. 6 She opened it and saw the baby. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. “This is one of the Hebrew babies,” she said.


The birth of moses1

The Birth of Moses

7Then his sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?”

8 “Yes, go,” she answered. So the girl went and got the baby’s mother. 9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you.” So the woman took the baby and nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses,[b] saying, “I drew him out of the water.”


Summary

Summary

  • Moses’ mom was a Levite (priestly tribe) and also married a Levite. They had a daughter named Miriam and a son. (We do not know his real name!)

  • After the baby is 3 months old she makes a basket of papyrus and sends him down the river. Miriam keeps an eye on him. Pharaoh's daughter has mercy on him and raises him as her son.

  • She names the baby Moses which means drawn out of the water.


Life in midian

Life in Midian

  • 11 One day, after Moses had grown up, he went out to where his own people were and watched them at their hard labor. He saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his own people. 12 Looking this way and that and seeing no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. 13 The next day he went out and saw two Hebrews fighting. He asked the one in the wrong, “Why are you hitting your fellow Hebrew?”

  • 14 The man said, “Who made you ruler and judge over us? Are you thinking of killing me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid and thought, “What I did must have become known.”

  • 15 When Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian, where he sat down by a well.


Life in midian1

Life in Midian

16 Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came to draw water and fill the troughs to water their father’s flock. 17 Some shepherds came along and drove them away, but Moses got up and came to their rescue and watered their flock.

18When the girls returned to Reuel their father, he asked them, “Why have you returned so early today?”

19 They answered, “An Egyptian rescued us from the shepherds. He even drew water for us and watered the flock.”

20 “And where is he?” Reuel asked his daughters. “Why did you leave him? Invite him to have something to eat.”

21 Moses agreed to stay with the man, who gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage. 22 Zipporah gave birth to a son, and Moses named him Gershom,[c] saying, “I have become a foreigner in a foreign land.”


Life in midian2

Life in Midian

24God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. 25 So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.


Summary questions

Summary questions

  • Why did Moses flee?

  • How does he meet Zipporah his wife?

  • Moses and Zipporah have a son named __________.

  • God hears the cry of the Hebrews because He is the God of ___________________, ____________________________, and ______________________.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • 3 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. 2 There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. 3 So Moses thought, “I will go over and see this strange sight—why the bush does not burn up.”

  • 4 When the Lord saw that he had gone over to look, God called to him from within the bush, “Moses! Moses!”

  • And Moses said, “Here I am.”

  • 5 “Do not come any closer,” God said. “Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.” 6 Then he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • 7 The Lord said, “I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. 8 So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey—the home of the Canaanites 9 And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10 So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.”

  • 11 But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?”

  • 12 And God said, “I will be with you.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • 13Moses said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ Then what shall I tell them?”

  • 14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.’”

    • This name gave source to the name YAHWEH.

    • This means that God is EVER PRESENT with his people.

    • This name is so holy that they did not (and still do not) say it. They use the title ADONAI which means MY LORD.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • 15 God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord,[d] the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob—has sent me to you.’

  • “This is my name forever,
    the name you shall call me
    from generation to generation.

  • 16 “Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. 17 And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites,—a land flowing with milk and honey.’

  • 18 “The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God.’ 19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him. 20 So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. After that, he will let you go.


Moses aaron and pharoah

Moses, Aaron and Pharoah

  • 5 After this, Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “The Lord, the God of Israel, says this: ‘Let My people go, that they may have a special supper to honor Me in the desert.’” 2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord, that I should obey Him and let Israel go? I do not know the Lord. And I will not let Israel go.”

  • 6 That same day Pharaoh told the men who made the people work, 7 “Do not give the people straw for making clay blocks any more. Let them go and gather straw for themselves. 8 But have them make the same number of clay blocks as before, and no less. They are crying, ‘Let us go and give a gift in worship to our God,’ because they are lazy. 9 Let more work be given to the.”men so they will not have time to listen to lies


Moses aaron and pharoah1

Moses, Aaron and Pharoah

  • 4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay My hand on Egypt. By great acts that will punish the Egyptians, I will bring out My family groups, My people, the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt. 5 The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord when I put My hand upon Egypt and bring out the people of Israel from among them.” 6 So Moses and Aaron did what the Lord told them to do. 7 Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old, when they spoke to Pharaoh.


Plagues

Plagues

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 1. Water to Blood 7:19 And the LORD spoke to Moses, Say to Aaron, Take your rod, and stretch out your hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.


Plagues1

Plagues

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 2. Frogs 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, and into your bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon your people, and into your ovens, and into your kneading troughs: 8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon your people, and upon all your servants.


Plagues2

Plagues

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 3. Gnats or Lice

  • 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out your rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.


Plagues3

Plagues

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 4. Flies

  • 8:21 If your will not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon you, and upon your servants, and upon your people, and into your houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.


Plagues4

Plagues

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 5. Livestock diseased

  • 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon your cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 6. Boils

  • 9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 7. Thunder and Hail

  • 9:18 Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 8. Locusts

  • 10:4 Else, if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast:10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remains to you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which grows for you out of the field.


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 9. Darkness

  • 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days


Egypt becomes the new home for the israelites

  • ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 

  • 10. Death of First Born

  • 11:4 And Moses said, Thus says the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sits upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts


The passover

The Passover

  • The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt 2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. 4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.


The passover1

The Passover

  • 5 The animals you choose must be ayear-old male without defect, and you may take them from the sheep 6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. 72.Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover..


The passover2

The Passover

  • 2 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord.13The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt


The passover and the cross

The Passover and The Cross

  • The lamb had to be spotless

  • Jesus was spotless (sinless)


The passover and the cross1

The Passover and The Cross

When Jesus died on the Cross it was Passover

  • They had to put the Blood of the Lamb on the doorpost so that the angel of death would pass over them.

  • Jesus, the Lamb of God’s, blood was on the cross so that death will pass over us.


The passover and the cross2

The Passover and The Cross

When Jesus died on the Cross it was Passover

  • They could not break the bones of the lamb to be sacrificed.

  • Jesus' bones were not broken on the cross.


The passover and the cross3

The Passover and The Cross

When Jesus died on the Cross it was Passover

  • The lamb had to be eaten

  • We need to eat the “lamb of God” the Eucharist (Jesus)

  • “Behold the Lamb of God, behold Him who takes away the sin of the world, Blessed are those who are called to His supper.” (right before receiving the Eucharist)


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