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Naveen Thacker ; Panna Choudhury William Keenan ; Vineet Saxena Indian Academy of Pediatrics. TOWARDS SKILLED NEONATAL RESUSCITATION: THE INDIAN STORY-YEAR ONE. Incredible Story of Implementation of Newborn Resuscitation Program in India… probably largest ever !. Stakeholders.

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Naveen thacker panna choudhury william keenan vineet saxena indian academy of pediatrics
Naveen Thacker ; Panna Choudhury William Keenan ; VineetSaxenaIndian Academy of Pediatrics

TOWARDS SKILLED NEONATAL RESUSCITATION: THE INDIAN STORY-YEAR ONE


Incredible Story of Implementation of Newborn Resuscitation Program in India…probablylargest ever !

Stakeholders


The story is about
The story is about…… Resuscitation Program in

  • Acollaborative model of national and international professional societies with governmental and private support that can provide effective training on a huge scale within short period of time.

  • The ‘Hands on’ learning approach was associated with a major pre to post improvement in skills acquisition and application in the training setting.


Story is about
Story is about….. Resuscitation Program in

  • Vision of IAP leadership

  • Commitment at Political & Bureaucratic level

  • Support from AAP, LDSC, Johnson & Johnson

  • Arranging adequate training material

  • Microplan: Movement of trainers, manikins, kits…


Why Skilled Resuscitation is important in India ? Resuscitation Program in

Every year in India……

….27 million women become pregnant

… 1 million babies are stillborn;

300,000 intra-partum causes

… about 1 million neonates die due to Infections (36%)

Preterm (25%)

Asphyxia (23%)

  • NRP can reduce asphyxia related neonatal mortality upto 2/3rd

    • .


Figure 5 Resuscitation Program in

Scaling up NRP in Public Sector is Urgent

India’s Janani Suraksha Yojana(JSY),

Conditional cash transfer program to increase birth in health facilities.Lancet 2010; 375: 2009-2023

  • Large scale shift: from home to institutional deliveries

  • Urgent need of large no. of SBA’s


Engaging iap leadership
Engaging IAP Leadership Resuscitation Program in

Newborn Resuscitation Program taken under

Presidential Action Plan 2009

IAPs Strength

  • 18,000 dedicated pediatricians

  • 300 branches


Resuscitation program advance or basic
Resuscitation Program: Resuscitation Program in Advance or Basic !

  • Requirement of Birth Attendant

    trained in resuscitation: 0.25 million

  • Advance NRP training for all not feasible

  • Basic NRP can address most asphyxia cases

  • Developed the program based on

    Lessons 1-3 of AAP text book of NRP &

    Skilled birth attendants manual of LDSC


Program is named as Resuscitation Program in

Newborn Resuscitation Program- First Golden Minute(NRP-FGM) Program

Aims to have one NRP trained person attending every delivery

( 27 millions deliveries /year in India )


Administrative structure for nrp program
Administrative Structure for NRP Program Resuscitation Program in

Steering CommitteeCore Committee

Administrative

Academic


Who will be trained
Who will be trained ? Resuscitation Program in

  • 36,000 Pediatricians

  • 40,000 Obstetricians

  • 20,000 Anesthetists

  • Medical officers, Doctors in private practice who are attending deliveries

  • Nurses and Auxiliary Nurse Midwives

    Adds to 0.25 million birth attendants


Squeeze bulbs for simulation of crying, breathing and heart activity

Umbilical cord that can be cut multiple times

Manikins and Resuscitation Kits

  • LDSC provided some kits initially

  • Arrangement with Laerdal Co. for Manikins; field tested first in India

19


Industry support
Industry Support activity

Johnson and Johnson India committed unprecedented educational grant and logistical support for the implementation of the program to train 200,000 birth attendants


First golden minute trainings in 2009
activityFirst Golden Minute: Trainings in 2009”

ToT’s were carried out for IAP members at various places

  • Jan 21-22, 2009: Bangalore

  • Feb 28 -Mar 1, 2009 : Meerut

  • March 21-22, 2009 : Hyderabad

  • March 28-29, 2009 : Raipur

  • April 18-19, 2009 : Guwahati

  • April 24-25, 2009 : Varanasi

  • April 27-28, 2009 : Gwalior

  • April 29, 2009 : Agra

  • May 02 -03,2009 : Kolkata

  • May 17, 2009 : Trivandrum

  • May 22, 2009 : Bareilly

  • June 7, 2009 : Mumbai

  • June 20, 2009 : Chennai

  • June 27, 2009 : Mysore

  • July 19, 2009 : Ernakulaum

  • July 26, 2009 : Coimbatore

  • August 9 2009 : Trichur

  • September 13, 2009 : Trichy

  • October 2009 : Belgaum

  • November 28 2009 : Salem

  • December 16 2009 : Calicut

  • January 5-6 2010 :Hyderabad

  • ............................


Engaging ministry of health
Engaging Ministry of Health activity

  • Data to show birth asphyxia as major problem.

  • Basic NRP, a short course program, can reduce neonatal mortality substantially.

  • Successful implementation of the program in other developing countries.

  • Commitment of IAP leadership for trainings in public sector.


Ministry of health launched
Ministry of Health launched activity

Navjaat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (NSSK)

GOI and IAP have signed a MoU for training on 09-12-2009


Roll out Plan activity

10 States = ~ 300 Districts

4 Trainers per district

1200 Trainers planned in 4 months

WHERE ?

States in India where newborns are at high risk of dying


Program included Basic Newborn Care and Resuscitation activity

Prevention of Infection

Wash Hands

Wear Gloves

Cord Care

Clean Chain

Early initiation & exclusive breastfeeding

Prevention of hypothermia

Warm Chain

Kangaroo Mother care



Selection and motivation of trainers
Selection and Motivation of Trainers activity

  • Only trainers who are highly committed and can give reasonable time are chosen

  • Mission mode is emphasized.

  • Motivation is praise, SMS at the start of training highlighting their mission, SMS at the end of training congratulating their efforts.


Quality of training
Quality of Training activity

  • Quality of training is given high priority.

  • Microplan included program details sent in advance to Organizers, Trainers, Providers.

  • Faculty meeting held at previous day evening, where every one’s role is planned, rehearsed.

  • Facility and stations checked in advance.


Emphasis on skill and innovation
Emphasis on Skill and Innovation activity

  • Emphasis on ‘hands on skill’

  • Role play and video’s

  • Pre test and post test both written and skill based are designed to improve learning

  • Based on feedback the process of conducting the program are improved upon





What are we going to do
What are we going to do? Trainers

  • A sustainable system of training, retraining and certification

  • Follow up/ Monitoring of training

  • Operational Research

  • Impact study on mortality reduction


We conclude
We conclude…… Trainers

  • Acollaborative model of national and international professional societies with governmental and private support can provide effective training on a huge scale within short period of time.

  • The ‘Hands on’ learning approach was associated with a major pre to post improvement in skills acquisition and application in the training setting.


Thank you
Thank you Trainers

Steering Committee of IAP NRP FGM

President IAP 2010 and Co- Chairperson

President IAP 2009 and Chairperson

President IAP 2007 and National Co- Ordinator

Hon. General Secretary, IAP, 2010


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