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Local Employment Dynamics (LED) & OnTheMap. Nick Beleiciks Oregon Census State Data Center Meeting April 14, 2009. What is LED?. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program within the U.S. Census Bureau Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership between the states and Census

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local employment dynamics led onthemap

Local Employment Dynamics (LED)&OnTheMap

Nick Beleiciks

Oregon Census State Data Center Meeting

April 14, 2009

what is led
What is LED?
  • Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)
    • Program within the U.S. Census Bureau
  • Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
    • Partnership between the states and Census
    • Creates new information about the labor market
      • Low cost
      • No additional respondent burden
      • Protects confidentiality
how to describe led
How To Describe LED?
  • “A Census – State Partnership”

The folks at LEHD

  • “Sexy”

OnTheMap user during a Webinar

  • “LED is a thousand answers looking for a thousand questions”

Tom Tveidt of SYNEVA Economics LLC

the products
The Products…
  • Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)
    • 30 Indicators
  • QWI Online
    • 8 Indicators – Easy to access and use
  • OnTheMap
    • Maps and much more!
  • Industry Focus
    • Ranks industries by the 8 Indicators
  • Older Worker Profiles
    • “Old” data
how it works
How It Works…
  • States provide quarterly administrative data
    • Employer locations, number of employees, payroll
      • Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
    • Individual earnings and employers
      • Unemployment Insurance “Wage File”
  • LEHD matches state employment data with demographic (age & gender) and residency information about individual workers
    • Social Security Administration records
what workers are included in led
What Workers Are Included In LED?
  • Workers covered under Oregon’s Unemployment Insurance (UI) program
    • About 1.7 million
  • Who is not covered?
    • Federal employees
    • Railroad workers
    • Some agricultural workers
    • Student workers
the fuzz data police
The FUZZ(data police)
  • LED maintains confidentiality about workers and employers
  • They “fuzz” some data to ensure confidentiality
  • Unsure how the folks at LEHD do this
  • This leads to some hesitation for some new users
  • Fuzz information available for QWI
quarterly workforce indicators qwi
Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)
  • Available from the Cornell VirtualRDC website

http://www.vrdc.cornell.edu/news/

  • 30 employment and earnings indicators
    • Year – Oregon goes back to 1991
    • Quarter – Partial information for 2q2008
    • Gender – male, female, or both
    • Age – 14-99, 14-18, 19-21, 22-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-99
    • Geography – County and Metro and Micro Areas
    • Industry – 4-digit NAICS level
qwi online
QWI Online
  • 8 Employment Indicators:
  • Available for same groups as regular QWI
  • Easy to use online tool at LEHD Website:

http://lehd.did.census.gov/led/datatools/qwiapp.html

onthemap version 3
OnTheMap – Version 3
  • Adds GIS capability to LED data
  • Fewer indicators – more geographic detail
    • Years – 2002 – 2006
    • Quarter – 2nd Quarter only
    • Age – 30 or younger, 31 to 54, 55 or older
    • Wages – < $1,200, $1,201 to $3,400, > $3,400
    • Geography – Down to Census Block Groups
    • Industry – 2-digit NAICS level
    • Industry Groups
      • Goods producing
      • Trade, transportation and utilities
      • Other services
onthemap version 3 http lehdmap3 did census gov themap3
OnTheMap – Version 3http://lehdmap3.did.census.gov/themap3/
other uses of onthemap
Other Uses of OnTheMap
  • Natural disasters – tornados, floods, etc.
    • Employment impact
    • Estimate unemployment insurance payouts
  • Commute patterns
  • Economic development
  • Housing studies
    • Affordable housing
industry focus
Industry Focus
  • Quick way to look at QWI indicators by industry
  • Ranks industries by any of the 8 QWI Indicators
  • Uses a four quarter average
older worker profiles
Older Worker Profiles
  • LEHD produces this series of reports for 30 states
  • The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers: 2004
  • The data is “old” – 2004 when we now have 2007
  • “Easily” replicable
older worker profiles1

Portion of County Workforce Age 55 and Older

2007 Census LEHD data

15.0% to 18.0%

18.1% to 21.1%

21.2% to 24.2%

33.5%

Older Worker Profiles
average monthly earnings of workers 55 and older by industry
Average Monthly Earnings of Workers 55 and Older, by Industry

Metropolitan Areas

Highest-paying: Financial Activities ($4,821)

Lowest-paying: Leisure and Hospitality ($1,723)

Non-Metropolitan Areas

Highest-paying: Resources and Mining ($4,293)

Lowest-paying: Leisure and Hospitality ($1,492)

map increase in number of older workers 2002 2007

Increase in Number of Workers Age 55 and Older

2002-2007, Census LEHD data

14.5% to 26.9%

27.0% to 39.9%

40.0% to 52.9%

53.0% to 66.2%

MAP: Increase in number of older workers, 2002-2007
what can led tell us about the recession
What Can LED Tell Us About the Recession?
  • Not much – yet
  • Are Baby Boomers retiring?
  • Previous recession:
    • Stable separations went down while stable hires went up
    • Largest drop off was in workers 55-64
    • Youth employment came back for girls after recession, but not for boys
slide32
Thank you for your time.

Questions or comments?

[email protected]

(541) 947-1267

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