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Local Employment Dynamics (LED) & OnTheMap. Nick Beleiciks Oregon Census State Data Center Meeting April 14, 2009. What is LED?. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program within the U.S. Census Bureau Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership between the states and Census

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Local Employment Dynamics (LED) & OnTheMap

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Local Employment Dynamics (LED)&OnTheMap

Nick Beleiciks

Oregon Census State Data Center Meeting

April 14, 2009


What is LED?

  • Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD)

    • Program within the U.S. Census Bureau

  • Local Employment Dynamics (LED)

    • Partnership between the states and Census

    • Creates new information about the labor market

      • Low cost

      • No additional respondent burden

      • Protects confidentiality


How To Describe LED?

  • “A Census – State Partnership”

    The folks at LEHD

  • “Sexy”

    OnTheMap user during a Webinar

  • “LED is a thousand answers looking for a thousand questions”

    Tom Tveidt of SYNEVA Economics LLC


http://lehd.did.census.gov/led/


The Products…

  • Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)

    • 30 Indicators

  • QWI Online

    • 8 Indicators – Easy to access and use

  • OnTheMap

    • Maps and much more!

  • Industry Focus

    • Ranks industries by the 8 Indicators

  • Older Worker Profiles

    • “Old” data


How It Works…

  • States provide quarterly administrative data

    • Employer locations, number of employees, payroll

      • Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)

    • Individual earnings and employers

      • Unemployment Insurance “Wage File”

  • LEHD matches state employment data with demographic (age & gender) and residency information about individual workers

    • Social Security Administration records


Who’s Involved?


What Workers Are Included In LED?

  • Workers covered under Oregon’s Unemployment Insurance (UI) program

    • About 1.7 million

  • Who is not covered?

    • Federal employees

    • Railroad workers

    • Some agricultural workers

    • Student workers


The FUZZ(data police)

  • LED maintains confidentiality about workers and employers

  • They “fuzz” some data to ensure confidentiality

  • Unsure how the folks at LEHD do this

  • This leads to some hesitation for some new users

  • Fuzz information available for QWI


Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI)

  • Available from the Cornell VirtualRDC website

    http://www.vrdc.cornell.edu/news/

  • 30 employment and earnings indicators

    • Year – Oregon goes back to 1991

    • Quarter – Partial information for 2q2008

    • Gender – male, female, or both

    • Age – 14-99, 14-18, 19-21, 22-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-99

    • Geography – County and Metro and Micro Areas

    • Industry – 4-digit NAICS level


Types of Fuzz Codes


Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI) Example


QWI Online

  • 8 Employment Indicators:

  • Available for same groups as regular QWI

  • Easy to use online tool at LEHD Website:

    http://lehd.did.census.gov/led/datatools/qwiapp.html


QWI OnlineExample


OnTheMap – Version 3

  • Adds GIS capability to LED data

  • Fewer indicators – more geographic detail

    • Years – 2002 – 2006

    • Quarter – 2nd Quarter only

    • Age – 30 or younger, 31 to 54, 55 or older

    • Wages – < $1,200, $1,201 to $3,400, > $3,400

    • Geography – Down to Census Block Groups

    • Industry – 2-digit NAICS level

    • Industry Groups

      • Goods producing

      • Trade, transportation and utilities

      • Other services


OnTheMap – Version 3http://lehdmap3.did.census.gov/themap3/


OnTheMap – Version 3Example (1 of 4)


OnTheMap – Version 3


OnTheMap – Version 3Example (2 of 4)


OnTheMap – Version 3Example (3 of 4)


OnTheMap – Version 3


OnTheMap – Version 3Example (4 of 4)


Other Uses of OnTheMap

  • Natural disasters – tornados, floods, etc.

    • Employment impact

    • Estimate unemployment insurance payouts

  • Commute patterns

  • Economic development

  • Housing studies

    • Affordable housing


Industry Focus

  • Quick way to look at QWI indicators by industry

  • Ranks industries by any of the 8 QWI Indicators

  • Uses a four quarter average


Industry FocusExample


Older Worker Profiles

  • LEHD produces this series of reports for 30 states

  • The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers: 2004

  • The data is “old” – 2004 when we now have 2007

  • “Easily” replicable


Portion of County Workforce Age 55 and Older

2007 Census LEHD data

15.0% to 18.0%

18.1% to 21.1%

21.2% to 24.2%

33.5%

Older Worker Profiles


Average Monthly EarningsAge 55 and Older


Average Monthly Earnings of Workers 55 and Older, by Industry

Metropolitan Areas

Highest-paying: Financial Activities ($4,821)

Lowest-paying: Leisure and Hospitality ($1,723)

Non-Metropolitan Areas

Highest-paying: Resources and Mining ($4,293)

Lowest-paying: Leisure and Hospitality ($1,492)


Increase in Number of Workers Age 55 and Older

2002-2007, Census LEHD data

14.5% to 26.9%

27.0% to 39.9%

40.0% to 52.9%

53.0% to 66.2%

MAP: Increase in number of older workers, 2002-2007


What Can LED Tell Us About the Recession?

  • Not much – yet

  • Are Baby Boomers retiring?

  • Previous recession:

    • Stable separations went down while stable hires went up

    • Largest drop off was in workers 55-64

    • Youth employment came back for girls after recession, but not for boys


Thank you for your time.

Questions or comments?

Nick.J.Beleiciks@state.or.us

(541) 947-1267


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