The back judge
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The Back Judge. Introduction: Five sets of eyes – how best to use them Man – Zone – Ball Purpose of Presentation: 5 man position Establish initial keys Coordinate keys among crew members “why we do what we do”

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The Back Judge

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The back judge

The Back Judge


The back judge

  • Introduction:

    • Five sets of eyes – how best to use them

    • Man – Zone – Ball

  • Purpose of Presentation:

    • 5 man position

    • Establish initial keys

    • Coordinate keys among crew members

    • “why we do what we do”

    • Provide a pattern to follow on even man offensive sets vs. odd man offensive sets

    • Provide thought for developing your own keys and mechanics

  • Questions


  • The back judge

    Rule #1 – Don’t Let Anybody Get Behind You.

    Rule #2 – Don’t Forget Rule #1


    The back judge

    • Pre-Game:

      • BJ / HL / LJ should discuss scrimmage keys

      • Positions on kicks – free and scrimmage

      • Communication - Coordinating on Sideline at Pylon / End zone catches

  • Other Duties:

    • Assist HL with Chain Crew directions

    • Time game

    • 25 second clock

    • Time the team TOs

    • Coin Toss

    • Measurements / Change of Quarter

    • TO positions

    • Know kicking game rules – Be an Expert!


  • Coin toss free kick coverage

    COIN TOSS & FREE KICKCOVERAGE


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    H

    U

    76

    32

    45

    B

    CLOCK

    #45 is the Visiting Team speaking captain.

    #55 is the Home Team speaking captain.

    L

    21

    55

    86

    R

    HOME

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    5-man Game – R & LJ on sideline with Home Team

    U & BJ on sideline with Visiting Team

    H is with the Chain Crew going over game instructions

    R gives Sportsmanship reading to Home Team

    U gives Sportsmanship reading to Visiting Team

    Maximum of 4 player captains per team

    5-man Game – R & U escort captains only out to the field;

    R brings out Home Team and U brings out Visiting Team

    R has back to the field clock

    BJ & LJ at sideline to make sure teams stay on sideline

    H is with the Chain Crew going over game instructions


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    H

    CLOCK

    B

    76

    32

    45

    U

    R

    86

    21

    55

    L

    HOME

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    Crew meets after the coin toss to record the toss results

    and receive last second instructions from the R.

    Everybody hustles to their position for the kick-off.


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    H

    K

    CLOCK

    K

    R

    K

    R

    K

    R

    R

    R

    K

    R

    K

    B

    R

    K

    R

    R

    K

    R

    L

    K

    R

    K

    R

    K

    U

    HOME

    7

    63

    3

    11

    44

    89

    54

    21

    36

    99

    19

    44

    Zone Officiating - pick up runner if he enters your zone

    B secures ball and gives K instructions.


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    H

    36

    21

    54

    B

    Kicker #89 is right footed.

    44

    99

    U

    11

    89

    74

    L

    63

    7

    19

    R

    Kick Mechanic – 5 man


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    R

    36

    21

    H

    54

    Kicker #89 is right footed.

    44

    89

    11

    99

    U

    74

    B

    63

    7

    19

    L

    Kick Mechanic – 5 man


    The back judge

    Free Kick Mechanic – 5 man

    VISITOR

    R

    H

    U

    B

    L

    BJ and LJ “sweep” the sidelines, readying teams for the kick-off.

    H and U assist.

    After a Score – Crew comes together to record score and receive any instructions from the R


    Running plays

    RUNNING PLAYS


    The back judge

    • RUNNING PLAYS

      • Be alert for late hits.

      • Assist Wings when ball goes OOB.

      • Be particularly alert when play goes into a team bench area

      • Assist in Relaying the ball.

      • Any run beyond 5 yards in side zone should involve a BJ relay.

      • Watch the action in front of the runner.

      • Inside to Outside coverage.

      • Positioning – Your call is usually going to be out in the open.


    Passing plays

    PASSING PLAYS


    The back judge

    • Definitions

      • Strength of Formation: determined by number of eligible receivers outside tackle.

      • Tight End: End man no more than 4 yards from nearest lineman.

      • Back in Backfield: Player in backfield between the tackles at snap.

      • Trips: Three or more receivers outside tackle.


    The back judge

    • Back judge has first key

      • Based on strength and number of receivers

      • Usually the end on the strong side.

      • Trips: is responsible for two outside receivers

      • Balanced formation - declare strength to line judge’s side

    • Linesman and line judge have second key

      • Do not key off the same player as back judge

      • Strong side - key strong side back

      • Weak side - key off receiver(s) to your side

      • Trips: inside eligible receiver

      • Balanced formation - declare strength to line judge’s side


    The back judge

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    89

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    LJ

    HL

    • BJ – Position

      • Basic position is 15 to 20 yards deep, shaded to his receiver side

      • Down and distance will help you determine positioning.

      • Count B with HL &LJ

    BJ


    The back judge

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    89

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    LJ

    HL

    • BJ – Keys

      • Coordinates keys with HL and LJ, and is determined by the formation (will show in subsequent slides)

    BJ


    The back judge

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    89

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    LJ

    HL

    • BJ – Responsibilities

      • Recognize even (balanced) and odd (strength) receiver formations

      • On odd formations, BJ is responsible for widest receiver on two (or more) receiver side

    BJ


    The back judge

    22

    12

    48

    82

    65

    89

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    LJ

    HL

    • BJ – Responsibilities

      • On even (balanced) formations, BJ is responsible for widest receiver in on the LJ side

    BJ


    The back judge

    R

    48

    42

    22

    12

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    PRIMARY() & SECONDARY KEYS ( ) OR READ


    The back judge

    R

    48

    42

    22

    12

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    Zone Coverage after Receivers have Advanced 5 to 7 yards


    The back judge

    R

    22

    12

    48

    82

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    LJ

    HL

    U

    BJ


    Key by formation

    Key by Formation


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    82

    89

    65

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    2 BACK PRO SET - STRENGTH HL


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    2 BACK PRO SET - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    87

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    WING T - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    81

    12

    65

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    87

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    2 BACK 3 RECEIVER SET - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    87

    48

    12

    65

    83

    88

    67

    68

    63

    78

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    TRIPS - STRENGTH HL


    The back judge

    R

    22

    12

    87

    32

    65

    83

    88

    67

    68

    63

    78

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    TRIPS - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    87

    32

    12

    65

    83

    67

    68

    63

    78

    88

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    1 BACK PRO SET - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    32

    22

    12

    87

    65

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    88

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    I FORMATION - STRENGTH LJ


    The back judge

    R

    8

    12

    87

    32

    65

    83

    67

    68

    63

    88

    78

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ

    DOUBLE WING TEE - STRENGTH HL


    Key changes on motion plays

    Key ChangesOn Motion Plays


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    48

    12

    82

    65

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    12

    87

    32

    65

    83

    88

    65

    68

    63

    78

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ


    The back judge

    R

    22

    87

    32

    12

    65

    67

    68

    63

    78

    83

    88

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ


    Punt coverage

    PUNT COVERAGE


    The back judge

    3

    R

    42

    22

    48

    65

    83

    89

    67

    68

    63

    78

    HL

    LJ

    U

    BJ – Bean Bag in hand for PSK.

    Keep Whistle out (don’t want an IW).

    Give receiver instructions

    Rule on KCI, Invalid Fair Catch, etc.

    HL – Pick up blocking off BJ’s shoulder

    BJ


    Plays at the pylon

    PLAYS AT THE PYLON


    The back judge

    Communication

    Wait to signal, working with wing official to be sure runner did not step OOB.

    5

    5

    HL

    LJ

    G

    G

    HL

    LJ

    B

    Positioning

    Move to end line when ball inside the 10 yard line. Wings have goal line.

    Pass Plays

    Wait to signal, working with wing official to rule on catch, no catch, OOB.


    Field goal coverage

    FIELD GOAL COVERAGE


    The back judge

    BJ and WINGS - KNOW ELIGIBLES ON YOUR SIDE

    U – KNOW SK NUMBERING EXCEPTIONS

    R – KNOW KICKER’S NUMBER

    2 5

    2 5

    5

    R

    2 0

    12

    2 0

    42

    22

    1 5

    1 5

    21

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    U

    1 0

    1 0

    G

    G

    BJ

    LJ


    The back judge

    2 5

    2 5

    5

    R

    2 0

    12

    2 0

    42

    22

    1 5

    1 5

    21

    67

    68

    63

    89

    78

    83

    HL

    U

    1 0

    1 0

    G

    G

    BJ

    LJ


    Measurements

    MEASUREMENTS


    The back judge

    F

    B

    HL

    LJ

    U

    R

    BJ

    BJ – Holds ball from Defensive side of NZ.

    U – Takes lead stake for measurement

    LJ – Mark spot for HL to set chains


    Time outs

    TIME OUTS


    The back judge

    VISITOR

    7

    63

    3

    11

    AC

    AC

    H

    CLOCK

    7

    4

    8

    11

    1

    9

    5

    2

    10

    R

    6

    3

    C

    B

    U

    4

    3

    5

    6

    2

    7

    AC

    1

    8

    13

    12

    11

    14

    15

    F

    9

    10

    C

    AC

    HOME

    • R in the middle of field, U over ball (B remains in middle of field in 5 man).

    • H & F are at sidelines monitoring their team’s conference.

    • Write down time, qtr & person calling TO.

    • 5 man – BJ times TO, advise when 15 seconds left in TO

    • Inform team of # of TO remaining for both teams

    • Do Not Congregate


    Questions

    QUESTIONS


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