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Pennsylvania S upervised A gricultural E xperience. Practicum Skills. What are Practicum Skills?. Practicum Skills Enterprises allow students to gain knowledge through:. *School related skill development activities. *Non-experimental research. *Exploring various areas of agriculture.

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Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Pennsylvania

SupervisedAgricultural Experience

Practicum Skills


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

What are Practicum Skills?

Practicum SkillsEnterprises allow students to gain knowledge through:

*School related skill development activities.

*Non-experimental research

*Exploring various areas of agriculture

*Exploring agricultural careers.


School related practicum skills example

School related practicum skills example:

  • Keep records of what you do each day in your agriculture class, ag mechanics shop, greenhouse, floral shop, land lab, etc.

  • Work in the school greenhouse or land lab

  • Serve as a school lab assistant.

  • Develop and or maintain the FFA chapter website.

  • Develop and/or participate in a recycling or litter pick up program

  • Plant a butterfly garden at an elementary school


Creative practicum skills examples

Creative Practicum Skills Examples:

  • Develop a marketing plan for an agricultural commodity

  • Write a series of newspaper articles about the environment

  • Design a land use plan for your school district

  • Develop a landscape design for a community facility

  • Design an advertising campaign for an agribusiness

  • Attend a county or state conservation camp


More practicum skills examples

More practicum skills examples:

  • Observe and/or assist a florist

  • Grow plants in a milk jug "greenhouse"

  • Assist on a horse farm for a day

  • Interview an agricultural loan officer in a bank

  • Prepare a scrapbook on the work of a veterinarian

  • Attend an agricultural career day

  • Volunteer at a zoo


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

The Agreement Page

Every Practicum Skills Record Book begins with

Your enterprise name and number should be the same as you entered in the second column on your common pages title page.

This page should be completed at the beginning of the project year in blue or black ink.

Ag Shop

1

1st

20XX

Jan.

Joseph Scholar

Andrew Educator

Your School High School

Enter the date you and your teacher agree that you will begin your practicumskills project. (If you are doing a school based enterprise, you may elect to keep your records on a school year basis.)

Enter your name the same way as on the Common pages cover page.

Enter your teacher’s name and your school name.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

This page should be completed at the beginning of the project year in blue or black ink

The Agreement Page

Continuing with

31st

Jan.

20XX

1st

Dec.

20XX

Enter the date of the last day you will enter data into your record book. This date should also be determined in conference with your teacher.

Enter the date of the first day you will enter data into your record book. This date should be determined in conference with your teacher. (Practicum skills enterprises conducted at school are often kept on a school year basis rather than a calendar year basis.)

The next section explains the expectations of each person listed on the agreement.

Student will provide his/her own safety glasses, coveralls and safety shoes.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

The Agreement Page

Give a brief but complete description of the agricultural laboratory.

Use complete sentences and proper grammar.

The agriculture shop consists of an area approximately 1500 square feet. It includes 10 electric arc stick welders, 3 MIG welders and a TIG welder as well as a plasma cutter, a four station oxy-acetylene welding station as well as various metal working and bending jigs. There is also a weld testing station and two drill presses. Woodworking equipment includes a table saw, band saw, radial arm saw, belt and disk sander, planer, miter box saw, wood lathe and various hand and small power tools. We have stations for electricity and wiring, concrete and masonry, small gas engines and hydraulics. There is a safety cabinet, fire extinguishers and a cabinet to sterilize safety glasses. There is a fume exhaust system for the welders and small engines and a dust collecting system for the woodworking equipment.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

The Agreement Page

Finally, sign the agreement yourself and secure the signature of your parent. Signatures should be in blue or black ink.

Joseph Scholar

January 30, 20XX

Elizabeth Scholar

March 30, 20XX

Andrew Educator

January 30, 20XX

It is important to have your parent sign the agreement to verify that you have discussed this project with them.

Your teacher will most likely sign the form only after you have secured your parental signature (and signed the page yourself, of course.)

Any successful SAE has the support of all parties involved in the project.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Your name, your enterprise name and number should be the same as you entered on your common pages title page. Enter this information on every page of this record book.

Page 2

Ag Shop

1

Joseph Scholar

Welding safety

Flat position, fillet weld

Construct a saw horse

Striking an arc & running a bead

Construct a parallel circuit

Horizontal up weld

Flat position, butt weld

Woodworking safety

Properly use a micrometer

Everything you do for this project MUST be assigned to a summary area.

You enter your TASK AREAS on this page. A task area is a general description of a skill. For example: welding; bedding plant production; animal health. You may add task areas during the enterprise.

There is room for fifty task areas on this page, but you may use as few or as many spaces as you need for your particular practicum skills enterprise.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

While ag mechanics practicum skill projects are very common, this record book is useful for many other agricultural areas. Another example is:

Page 2

Greenhouse production

1

Joseph Scholar

Properly ID 25 greenhouse plants

Do a soft pinch on a plant

Plant plugs

Properly water plants

Transplant greenhouse plants

Read seed containers & follow

Mix fertilizer and apply

Prepare a marketing plan

Properly operate greenhouse controls

Everything you do for this project MUST be assigned to a summary area.

See additional examples of tasks lists at the end of this power point


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Another example is:

Page 2

Animal care

1

Joseph Scholar

Animal lab safety

Clean and sanitize lab pens

Keep animal lab records

Properly handle small animals

Prepare & use a breeding plan

Properly groom small animals

Calculate balanced rations

Clip nails on small animals

Prepare a marketing plan

Everything you do for this project MUST be assigned to a summary area.

See additional examples of task lists at the end of this power point


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Page 2

This record book is designed as a tool for student and teacher to evaluate the work done on the project. They may or may not agree on the rating recorded.

This evaluation may be done at the end of the year or when recording summary information.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Enterprise name, student name and enterprise number must be entered the same as on the common pages cover page.

Diary page 3

Be consistent with time units. Use the same minute or hour unit throughout your diary entries. If using the computer template, you MUST use hours.

Enter the summary area number (from page 2). Everything you do for this project MUST be assigned to a summary area.

If you use minutes, you MUST convert the minutes to hours before entering your total time on the summary page 7 and 8.

Ag Shop

1

Joseph Scholar

Good diary entry.

1/27/20XX

Mr. Educator demonstrated how to strike an arc and run a bead. Then we spent the rest of the class period practicing.

0.75

4

Use “Other than required” column for work done outside of regular class time. This can include time before and after school, during lunch or study hall.

Bad Example.

Worked in shop

0.75


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Everything you enter on your diary pages MUST be assigned to a summary area listed on page 2.

Diary page 3

Your entries must be reasonable experiences and specific. Entries should be sentences. Entries should show a progression of skills – not repetition of the same activity for long periods

An example of a diary (task performed) for a welding task area would be:

An example of a diary entry for a bedding plant production task area would be:

I learned to spot weld today. I could see my skills improve as I practiced.

40

30

1

I also came to the ag shop during study hall to practice.

“Welding” could be the task area name entered on page 2.

30

Our begonia plugs arrived today so we spent the entire class planting begonias into four inch pots.

2

“Bedding plant production” could be the task area name entered on page 2.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Everything you enter on your diary pages MUST be assigned to a summary area listed on page 2.

Diary page 3

You may need to do multiple entries for each class period.

1-5

I learned to spot weld today. I could see my skills improve as I practiced.

40

30

1

I also came to the ag shop during study hall to practice.

“Welding” could be the task area name entered on page 2.

1-5

30

I constructed a wooden frame to hold pipes for a new hydroponics system..

2

“Woodworking” could be the task area name entered on page 2.

1-5

5

I updated my record book and took photos of several projects.

20

“SAE record book” could be the task area name entered on page 2.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Everything you enter on your diary pages MUST be assigned to a summary area listed on page 2.

Diary page 3

Another example

Remember, all of these diary entries occurred on the same day.

1-5

I repaired the tire on the wheel barrow so I could use it, during study hall.

40

1

.

“Tool maintenance” could be the task area name entered on page 2.

1-5

40

I added mulch to two flower beds and raked leaves from several paths.

2

“Landscape maintenance” could be the task area name entered on page 2.

1-5

5

I updated my record book and took photos of several projects.

20

“SAE record book” could be the task area name entered on page 2.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Continue entering your diary data – when a page is filled,

Diary page 6

make sure you carry the totals forward to the next page.

120

120

Animal care

1

Joseph Scholar

120

120


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

On the summary pages, you have the opportunity to combine all summary areas so that you and your teacher can see how much time you spent on each summary area (from page 2).

Summary

Pages 7 & 8

List all task areas in the same order as on page 2.

Be sure to match summary code numbers

with areas from page 2.

Total ALL summary code 1 time from your diary pages as you complete the tasks in the summary areas and enter that amount in these spaces. BE SURE TO CONVERT YOUR TIME TO HOURS IF YOU USED MINUTES IN YOUR DIARY.

1

Ag Shop

Joseph Scholar

FINALLY, evaluate yourself on a scale of 1-4

and have your teacher evaluate your work also.

2

3

4

4

Welding safety

8

Flat position butt welding

4

4

3

Horizontal up weld

0

10

3

2

Construct a saw horse using power tools

3

12

4

2

Layout and test a parallel circuit with 1 switch

1

4

4

Layout a circuit with 3 way switches

4

10

4

3

Trouble shoot a small gas engines following procedcures

12

20

4

3


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Page 24 & 25

Joseph Scholar

It’s important to keep a photographic record of your practicum skills project.

Insert pictures here that document your practicum skills project.

Your School High School

1/6/XX

Enter the date the picture was taken and the location.

Insert a picture no larger than 4 inches by 6 inches.

Finally describe the photo in fifty words or less.

Make sure the picture is well focused and all safety practices are being followed.

Today I passed the safety test for the band saw and was allowed to use the saw for the first time. I was sure to wear safety glasses, because if I had forgotten I would have failed the final part of the safety test.

In this example, passing the band saw safety test should also be documented in the student’s diary entries

24


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

Practicum

Skills

Scorecard

The scorecard will help you understand what we are looking for when practicum skills records are judged at the state FFA record book competition.


Keystone degree notes

Keystone Degree Notes

  • Data from your practicum skills enterprises is entered on page 6 of your Keystone degree application.

  • To qualify for the Keystone degree with practicum skills enterprises you must accumulate at least 600 hours – at least 300 of these hours must be other than required lab hours. This MUST be shown in your record book.


Pennsylvania s upervised a gricultural e xperience

This concludes the presentation on the practicum skills record book. You may want to go back and review this presentation at the end of the project year for help in closing out your record book.

We’ll be looking for your record book at the Pennsylvania Record Book CDE in February.


Additional example of a task list

Project Book

Ag Mechanics

Ag Resources

Agriculture Technology

Animal Science

Aquaculture

Bedding Plants

Chrysanthemum

Easter Lily

Environmental Science

Food Science

Fresh Floral Designs

Greenhouse Maintenance

Grounds Maintenance

Hanging Baskets

Hydroponics

Intern Management

Planning Landscapes

Landscape Drawings.

Landscape Maintenance

Pruning, Mulching, Fertilizing Plants

22. FFA Activities

23. Growing Woody Plants

24. Miscellaneous Floral Designs

25. Miscellaneous Potted Plants

26. Geraniums, Hibiscus, Impatiens, etc.

27. Pesticide Application

28. Plant and Soil Science

29. Farm Crops

30. Fruits & Vegetables

31. Soil Testing

32. Plant Tissue Culture

33. Poinsettia Production

34. Silk Floral Designs

35. Spring Bulbs

36. Sympathy Designs

37. Trial Gardens

38. Turf grass Management

39. Mowing, Fertilizing, etc.

40. Water Gardening

41. Wedding/Prom Designing

42. Window Merchandising

43. Miscellaneous

Additional Example of a task list

This list is used in an Agriculture Department in a Pennsylvania high school.


Additional example of a task list1

Occupational orientation

Plant names, parts and functions

Environmental requirements of plants

Plant growth stimulants

Diseases that affect plants

Biological controls

Use pesticides safely

Insecticides, herbicides, etc

Shop Safety

Maintain shop tools

Electric arc welding

Oxy-acetylene welding

Wood construction

Masonry construction

Small engines

Tractor safely

Greenhouse structures

Grow cut mums

Grow snapdragons

Grow roses and orchids

Grow potted mums

Grow a poinsettia crop

Grow Easter lilies

Produce bedding plants

Grow foliage plants

26. Force bulb crops

Grow other crops

Landscape establishment

Landscape maintenance

Read a landscape plan

Animal feeds and nutrition

Trees, plants and shrubs

Garden store advise

Customer services

ID florist items

Construct corsages

Construct floral designs

Holiday designs

Floral wire services

Merchandising

Use the computer

Construct floral displays

Leadership in horticulture

FFA activities

Communication and P.R.

Employability skills

Citizenship

Research skills

SAE

Cooperative education

Additional Example of a task list

This list is used in a Career and Technology Agriculture Department in PA


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