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Working Subtractively with Relief. Project #7 CHANGE: relief in plaster. Firstly, what does working subtractively mean?. Relief. Low to high Frontal view Subtractive Materials: wood, stone, marble, clay, cement or plaster

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working subtractively with relief

Working Subtractively with Relief

Project #7

CHANGE: relief in plaster

relief
Relief
  • Low to high
  • Frontal view
  • Subtractive Materials: wood, stone, marble, clay, cement or plaster
  • Age & location: clay, cave walls in France from 13,000BC to marble temples in India, to Egyptian Tomb Walls from the 11th Dynasty
pharaoh akhenaten wife nefertiti daughters
Pharaoh Akhenaten & wife Nefertiti & daughters

During the period of Akhenaten – Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt who ruled 17 years until about 1336BC.

Sunk = Linear cutting, mostly used in hieroglyphs & cartouches

low relief coin
Low relief coin

Sestertius of Emperor Pupienus

238 AD

Deux figures by Joseph Csaky

limestone, polychrome, 80cm

Otterlo, Netherlands

1920

persian mid relief mezzo rilievo
Persian Mid-Relief (mezzo-rilievo)

Qajar era: 1785-1925

Taneh Savashi, Iran

gates of paradise by lorenzo ghiberti
Gates of Paradise By Lorenzo Ghiberti

Cast Gilt-Bronze

1401

Baptistery of Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy

the frieze of parnassus albert memorial
The Frieze of Parnassus, Albert Memorial

169 life-size full-length sculptures of individual artists (painters, poets, musicans, architects, sculptors) from history. In memory of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria. London.

Total length: 210 feet, Date: 1860’s

vimal vashi temple
Vimal Vashi Temple

Dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankara, Adinath. Carved out of white marble with interior is gold-brass caste, including main shrine and elaborate columns. Ceiling is engraved with lotus-buds, petals, flowers & scenes from Jain & Hindu mythoology.

Size in feet: 98 long x 42 wide

1032 AD

project 7 change relief in plaster
Project #7 CHANGE: relief in plaster

Working subtractively with a plaster mold, embody the concept change.

Consider the word, the idea, and your immediate association with this term.

What does change signify to you . . .

could change stand for
Could CHANGE stand for:
  • Transformation? (for example: the seasons changing from spring into summer into fall into winter)
  • Money? (pocket change—the left-overs)
  • Politics? (for example: President Obama’s 1st election was slogan was based upon the image of change. Now, during his 2nd term, the opposing party argues American needs another change of direction . . . Same story every 4 years it seems…)
slide18

You are given the freedom to select the interpretation of your choosing. You can take a literal, representational, non-objective, or abstract way of visualizing change.

Whatever imagery and meaning you pursue, the plaster carving must demonstrate an evolution or transformation of sorts. This could be manifested, but not limited to these aspects:

  • TEXTURE – evolving from organic, curvilinear spaces into rigid, geometric spaces
  • IMAGERY – non-objective evolving into representational
  • QUALITY – rough, wide deep cuts that evolve into delicate, smooth surface-based incisions
slide19
You decide how and where and in what abundance you reveal the evolution and transformation of change.

Questions to consider:

-What does change look like?

-What does change feel like?

-What elements lend themselves to being closer to the surface? Further away?

-What type of composition could lead viewers to transformation? (the grid? diagonal shift? radial symmetry? moving from left to right? Top to bottom?)

7 requirments
#7 REQUIRMENTS:
  • Personal, thoughtful response to CHANGE
  • The work evolves, transforms in more than one manner
  • At least 4 levels of relief
  • Variety of texture
pray for the peace of jerusalem by dani karavan
Pray for the Peace of Jerusalem By Dani Karavan

A bas relief wall installation that covers the back wall of Israel’s Knesset (parliamnet). About 79 feet wide X 23 feet tall.

slide24

Artist William Gordon Huff standing beside his bas-relief that depicts two extinct American lions (Felis atrox) attacking a long-horned species of extinct bison (Bison Latifronts)

Both species are from the Pleistocene of California and their fossils are know from the La Brea tar pits of southerin California.

Huff’s life span: 1903-1993.

example toned sketch

Example toned Sketch

PREP for PLASTER RELIEF

still life guitar by jacques lipchitz 1891 1973
Still Life (guitar) by Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973)

Still Life with Musical Instruments

by Jacques Lipchitz

Charcoal on paper

9 ½ x 12 ½”

1922

Material: presumably plaster

Scale: unknown

1918

left mother and child ink drawing right mother and child bronze sculpture by jacque lipchitz
Left: Mother and Child (ink drawing)Right: Mother and Child (bronze sculpture)by Jacque Lipchitz

Left: Pencil, Indian ink and wash on paper, 1947

Right: Mother and Child, 1949 bronze.

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