The constitutional era
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The Constitutional Era. (1781-1789). What is a republic? A representative democracy. What is the basic principle of republican government? The people elect representatives who make the laws. What was the first attempt at workable government in the United States?

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The Constitutional Era

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The constitutional era

The Constitutional Era

(1781-1789)


The constitutional era

  • What is a republic?

  • A representative democracy


The constitutional era

  • What is the basic principle of republican government?

  • The people elect representatives who make the laws.


The constitutional era

  • What was the first attempt at workable government in the United States?

  • The Articles of Confederation


The constitutional era

  • What was wrong with the government under the Articles of Confederation?

  • It was tooweak!


The constitutional era

  • What does a constitution provide?

  • The basic framework of a government.


The constitutional era

  • Name 5 factors that made the national government under the Articles weak?

  • 1) only a legislative branch; 2) Congress had no power to tax; 3) no national currency; 4) each state had 1 vote in the Confederation Congress; 5) no executive and no judicial branch


The constitutional era

  • What does the legislative branch of a government do?

  • Makes the laws


The constitutional era

  • What does the judicial branch of a government do?

  • Interprets or explains the meaning of the laws


The constitutional era

  • What does the executive branch do?

  • Enforces the laws


The constitutional era

  • What is a compromise?

  • An agreement in which both sides get part of what they want, but neither side gets all of what it wants.


The constitutional era

  • Where did the Constitutional Convention meet?

  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


What was the great compromise or connecticut compromise

What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise?

  • A plan providing for a two-houseCongress in which the people would be represented in a House ofRepresentatives and the states in the Senate. In other words, the House ofRep. would be based on population, while each state would have 2 U.S. senators.


What was the virginia plan

What was the Virginia Plan?

  • A framework proposed by the Virginia delegation to the Constitutional Convention under which the national government would have a legislature consisting of two houses. Representation in both houses would be based on population. Big states would have more representatives.


What was the new jersey plan

What was the New Jersey Plan?

  • A framework proposed by the New Jersey delegation to the Constitutional Convention under which the national government would have a legislature consisting of one house. Under the New Jersey Plan each state had onevote. This plan benefited small states.


Which one became part of the constitution the va plan the n j plan or the great compromise

Which one became part of the Constitution: the Va. Plan, the N.J. Plan, or the Great Compromise?

  • The Great Compromise


What was the great compromise or connecticut compromise1

What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise?

  • A plan providing for a two-houseCongress in which the people would be represented in a House ofRepresentatives and the states in the Senate. In other words, the House ofRep. would be based on population, while each state would have 2 U.S. senators.


What is federalism

What is federalism?

  • The division of power in the United States between the national government and the state governments.


Who served as chairman of the constitutional convention

Who served as chairman of the Constitutional Convention?

  • George Washington


Who is considered the father of the constitution

Who is considered the “Father of the Constitution”?

  • James Madison


When federal law and state law conflict which law is supreme

When federal law and state law conflict, which law is supreme?

  • Federal Law


Who leads the executive branch of the federal government

Who leads the executive branch of the federal government?

  • The President


Who leads the judicial branch of the federal government

Who leads the judicial branch of the federal government?

  • The Supreme Court


What is the name of the legislative branch of the federal government

What is the name of the legislative branch of the federal government?

  • Congress


What are the two houses of congress

What are the two houses of Congress?

  • The House of Representatives

  • The United States Senate


How is a state s membership in the senate decided

How is a state’s membership in the Senate decided?

  • Two senators from each state


How is a state s membership in the house of rep decided

How is a state’s membership in the House of Rep. Decided?

  • By Population; States with large populations have more representatives than states with small populations.


What was the three fifths compromise

What was the three-fifths compromise?

  • A compromise between the northern and southern states

  • Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person in figuring the slave states’ population for representation in the House of Representatives


What is separation of powers

What is separation of powers?

  • The division of power among different branches of government.


What is the checks and balances system

What is the checks and balances system?

  • A system of government by which each branch of government can check or stop the actions of the other branches


The constitutional era

  • How many states had to ratify or approve the Constitution before it could take effect?

  • 9


Who were the federalists during the constitutional era

Who were the Federalists during the Constitutional era?

  • People who supported the Constitution.


Who were the anti federalists during the constitutional era

Who were the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional era?

  • People who opposed the Constitution


What does interstate commerce mean

What does interstate commerce mean?

  • Trade between states


What is the bill of rights

What is the Bill of Rights?

  • The first ten amendments to the Constitution


What was the basic idea of the virginia declaration of rights

What was the basic idea of the Virginia Declaration of Rights?

  • That government should not violate basic human rights.


Who wrote the virginia declaration of rights

Who wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights?

  • George Mason


Who wrote the virginia statute of religious freedom

Who wrote the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom?

  • Thomas Jefferson


The constitutional era

  • What two documents did Madison consult when he was working on the Bill of Rights?

  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom


What did the virginia statute of religious freedom do

What did the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom do?

  • Outlawed the established church in Virginia

  • Supported the idea of freedom of religion


What rights does the first amendment guarantee

What rights does the First Amendment guarantee?

  • Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, and the right of petition


What church was the established church in colonial virginia

What church was the established church in colonial Virginia?

  • The Anglican church or Church of England


What does the term ratify mean

What does the term ratify mean?

  • Approve


To what did the phrase ratification of the constitution refer

To what did the phrase “ratification of the Constitution” refer?

  • 9 of the states approving the Constitution so that it would take effect


What first amendment freedom allows people to gather at public meetings

What First Amendment freedom allows people to gather at public meetings?

  • Freedom of Assembly


The constitutional era

What First Amendment freedom allows Americans to make written requests to make changes in the government?

  • Freedom of Petition


On what document was the bill of rights based

On what document was the Bill of Rights based?

  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights


What is a constitutional amendment

What is a constitutional amendment?

  • An addition to the Constitution


The constitutional era

During the state ratifying conventions, what did the Anti-Federalists force the Federalists to promise to adopt?

  • A Bill of Rights


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