Pan european metadata for cultural content
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Pan-European metadata for cultural content. ePSIplus Thematic Meeting Madrid, 12 September 2008 Rob Davies.

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Pan-European metadata for cultural content

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Pan european metadata for cultural content

Pan-European metadata for cultural content

ePSIplus Thematic Meeting

Madrid, 12 September 2008

Rob Davies


Pan european metadata for cultural content

  • “For the users it is not important whether the sources of knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”


Pan european metadata for cultural content

Flagship project of i2010

Single European Information Space for an open and competitive internal market for services

Letter by six Heads of State and Government to the European Commission (2005)

Advocated creation of a virtual European library

Aiming to make Europe’s cultural and scientific records accessible to all

Positive response from the Commission

Outline strategy: Communication "i2010: Digital Libraries"

Communication on ‘access to scientific information in the digital age’ (2007)

Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI)http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/index_en.htm


Focus of the dli

Focus of the DLI

  • Make Europe's rich and diverse cultural and scientific heritage easier and more interesting to use online

    • for work, leisure and/or study

    • books, films, maps, photographs, music, etc

  • Combine multicultural and multilingual environments with technological advances and new business models

  • Two strands:

    • Cultural heritage:

      • build a common European Digital Library

    • Scientific heritage:

      • ensure current and future access for research and innovation purposes .


The european library tel http www theeuropeanlibrary org portal index html

The European Library(TEL)http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/portal/index.html

  • Collaborative platform and web service of 48 CENL national libraries

  • Managed by The European Library Office, Royal Library of The Netherlands

    • Free searching, object level, standardised metadat, multilingual access

  • Sequence of projects

    • TEL

    • TEL-ME-MOR (2005-2007)

    • EDL project (2006-2008)

    • TELplus (2007-2009)

    • Each bringing in more national libraries and advancing technically


Pan european metadata for cultural content

A structure for EDL?

Museum A Archive A Library A

Library X

National Digital Library

Film Archive 1

Film Archive 2

Film Archive 3

Archive X

ACE

EDL

Museum X

Film Archive X

TEL

EurbicaNational Archive 1

NL 1 NL 2 NL 3

National Archive 2

MICHAEL

National Archive 3


Pan european metadata for cultural content

Europeana.Net (2007-9)

  • Thematic Network

  • Establish trust between the institutions

  • Create the organisational structure for a European Digital Library (Europeana)

  • Tackle domain interoperability issues (standards)

  • Propose a practical implementation of the European Digital Library

  • Item or object level

  • Make recommendations for future research


Europeanalocal 2008 11 www europeanalocal eu

EuropeanaLocal (2008-11)www.europeanalocal.eu

  • Digital content held by regional and local museums, libraries and archives

    • Make over 20 million items available initially

  • Local content infrastructure for harvesting and indexing by Europeana and other services

  • Establish easy processes for making content available

    • OAI-PMH repositories

    • Europe wide network of repositories/ aggregations

    • Map to Europeana Metadata Application Profile

    • Local vocabularies ‘skosified’

  • Content become part of integrated Europeana service


Other econtentplus projects supporting europeana

Other eContentplus projects supporting Europeana

  • ATHENA (museums)

  • European Film Gateway

  • ARROW (public domain database)

  • APENet (national archives)

  • And now…….Europeana V1, EuropeanaConnects etc

  • After eContentplus …CIP Policy Support Progamme

    • Pilot actions

    • January 2009 call

    • 100 million EUR

    • Will include PSI?


Europeana content holders

Europeana content holders


Open archive initiative

Open Archive Initiative


Metadata enrichment

Metadata enrichment

Mainly manually entered but also process text to look for person names

Difficult to get disambiguous temporal metadata but possible

Similar technology as is applied by search engines, extracting keywords and assigning relevance according to frequency

Coverage is specified in any number of ways such as geographical names, administrative entities and coordinates. Need geo-metadata


Europeana semantic elements ese

Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE)

  • Prototype launched to European Commission, Council of Ministers, 19/20 November

  • Metadata defined to match specific functionality of prototype

    • used for indexing, display

    • who, what, where, when

    • advanced search

    • facets search refinement

    • timeline browse

    • full search results display

    • browsing by format type (text, stiil image, moving image, sound)

    • Full text search


Europeana prototype metadata

Europeana prototype metadata

  • No Europeana application profile proposed yet

  • Data used with existing schemas

  • So far received in

    • TEL application profile

    • DC (simple, qualified)

    • MODS

    • METS

    • EAD

    • proprietary

  • Mapping and conversion done in-house at Europeana


Pan european metadata for cultural content

ESE…

  • Mixture of simple DC plus some qualifiers + 2 new elements

    • ‘Shown by’ (ie URI)

    • ‘Shown at’a way of showing object in full context (needed e.g. for archives, ‘treasures’ which may be embedded not just jpeg)

  • Mandatory

    • Shown by (URI of link to digital object)

    • Source (holder of object)

    • Date

    • Identifier of the original object

  • ’User tag’: public tags created by registered users


Future steps

Future steps

  • Europeana VI (new project) delivers first release early 2010

  • Institutions/aggregators use ESE v2 till then

  • Interest in object models for Europeana V1

    • Complex objects – ORE – needs pure metadata

    • Surrogates

    • Abstractions

    • Landing page

    • Data may need to be reindexed by Europeana

  • Scalability requires machine transformation either at local aggregator or central level


Contact

Contact

[email protected] com


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