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Pan-European metadata for cultural content. ePSIplus Thematic Meeting Madrid, 12 September 2008 Rob Davies.

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Pan european metadata for cultural content

Pan-European metadata for cultural content

ePSIplus Thematic Meeting

Madrid, 12 September 2008

Rob Davies



Flagship project of i2010 knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

Single European Information Space for an open and competitive internal market for services

Letter by six Heads of State and Government to the European Commission (2005)

Advocated creation of a virtual European library

Aiming to make Europe’s cultural and scientific records accessible to all

Positive response from the Commission

Outline strategy: Communication "i2010: Digital Libraries"

Communication on ‘access to scientific information in the digital age’ (2007)

Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI)http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/index_en.htm


Focus of the dli
Focus of the DLI knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • Make Europe's rich and diverse cultural and scientific heritage easier and more interesting to use online

    • for work, leisure and/or study

    • books, films, maps, photographs, music, etc

  • Combine multicultural and multilingual environments with technological advances and new business models

  • Two strands:

    • Cultural heritage:

      • build a common European Digital Library

    • Scientific heritage:

      • ensure current and future access for research and innovation purposes .


The european library tel http www theeuropeanlibrary org portal index html
The European Library knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.” (TEL)http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/portal/index.html

  • Collaborative platform and web service of 48 CENL national libraries

  • Managed by The European Library Office, Royal Library of The Netherlands

    • Free searching, object level, standardised metadat, multilingual access

  • Sequence of projects

    • TEL

    • TEL-ME-MOR (2005-2007)

    • EDL project (2006-2008)

    • TELplus (2007-2009)

    • Each bringing in more national libraries and advancing technically


A structure for EDL? knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

Museum A Archive A Library A

Library X

National Digital Library

Film Archive 1

Film Archive 2

Film Archive 3

Archive X

ACE

EDL

Museum X

Film Archive X

TEL

Eurbica National Archive 1

NL 1 NL 2 NL 3

National Archive 2

MICHAEL

National Archive 3


Europeana.Net (2007-9) knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • Thematic Network

  • Establish trust between the institutions

  • Create the organisational structure for a European Digital Library (Europeana)

  • Tackle domain interoperability issues (standards)

  • Propose a practical implementation of the European Digital Library

  • Item or object level

  • Make recommendations for future research


Europeanalocal 2008 11 www europeanalocal eu
EuropeanaLocal (2008-11) knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.” www.europeanalocal.eu

  • Digital content held by regional and local museums, libraries and archives

    • Make over 20 million items available initially

  • Local content infrastructure for harvesting and indexing by Europeana and other services

  • Establish easy processes for making content available

    • OAI-PMH repositories

    • Europe wide network of repositories/ aggregations

    • Map to Europeana Metadata Application Profile

    • Local vocabularies ‘skosified’

  • Content become part of integrated Europeana service


Other econtentplus projects supporting europeana
Other eContentplus projects supporting Europeana knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • ATHENA (museums)

  • European Film Gateway

  • ARROW (public domain database)

  • APENet (national archives)

  • And now…….Europeana V1, EuropeanaConnects etc

  • After eContentplus …CIP Policy Support Progamme

    • Pilot actions

    • January 2009 call

    • 100 million EUR

    • Will include PSI?


Europeana content holders
Europeana content holders knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”


Open archive initiative
Open Archive Initiative knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”


Metadata enrichment
Metadata enrichment knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

Mainly manually entered but also process text to look for person names

Difficult to get disambiguous temporal metadata but possible

Similar technology as is applied by search engines, extracting keywords and assigning relevance according to frequency

Coverage is specified in any number of ways such as geographical names, administrative entities and coordinates. Need geo-metadata


Europeana semantic elements ese
Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE) knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • Prototype launched to European Commission, Council of Ministers, 19/20 November

  • Metadata defined to match specific functionality of prototype

    • used for indexing, display

    • who, what, where, when

    • advanced search

    • facets search refinement

    • timeline browse

    • full search results display

    • browsing by format type (text, stiil image, moving image, sound)

    • Full text search


Europeana prototype metadata
Europeana prototype metadata knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • No Europeana application profile proposed yet

  • Data used with existing schemas

  • So far received in

    • TEL application profile

    • DC (simple, qualified)

    • MODS

    • METS

    • EAD

    • proprietary

  • Mapping and conversion done in-house at Europeana


ESE… knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • Mixture of simple DC plus some qualifiers + 2 new elements

    • ‘Shown by’ (ie URI)

    • ‘Shown at’a way of showing object in full context (needed e.g. for archives, ‘treasures’ which may be embedded not just jpeg)

  • Mandatory

    • Shown by (URI of link to digital object)

    • Source (holder of object)

    • Date

    • Identifier of the original object

  • ’User tag’: public tags created by registered users


Future steps
Future steps knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

  • Europeana VI (new project) delivers first release early 2010

  • Institutions/aggregators use ESE v2 till then

  • Interest in object models for Europeana V1

    • Complex objects – ORE – needs pure metadata

    • Surrogates

    • Abstractions

    • Landing page

    • Data may need to be reindexed by Europeana

  • Scalability requires machine transformation either at local aggregator or central level


Contact
Contact knowledge and experience are kept by archives, libraries or museums, but to get access to the sources they want, and to be able to use these sources across types of sources and sectors of institutions.”

[email protected] com


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