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Fortis and lenis – the inside story PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Fortis and lenis – the inside story. AFFRICATES. FRICATIVES. PLOSIVES. fortis. lenis. FORTIS. LENIS. voicing. often voiced. unvoiced. length. shorter. longer. strength. stronger. weaker. not aspirated. may be aspirated. aspiration. not glottalized. may be glottalized.

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Fortis and lenis – the inside story

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Fortis and lenis –

the inside story


AFFRICATES

FRICATIVES

PLOSIVES

fortis

lenis


FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • length

shorter

longer

  • strength

stronger

weaker

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

not glottalized

may be glottalized

  • glottalization


FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

initialtodo

medialweightylady

finalmatemade

initialsinkzinc

mediallooserloser

finalpriceprize


FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • Particular problems for Icelanders:

    • voicing of final plosives

      • rip – rib, rope – robe, wipe – vibe

      • mat – mad, mate – meid, rote – road

      • leak – league, lock – log, back – bag

      • batch – badge, rich – ridge


FORTIS

LENIS

  • length

shorter

longer

initialtodo

medialweightylady

finalmatemade

initialsinkzinc

mediallooserloser

finalpriceprize


FORTIS

LENIS

  • length

shorter

longer

  • Note: there are no long consonants in English as there are in Icelandic

    • Compare:

    • rubber – labour

    • laddy – lady

    • eager – bigger


FORTIS

LENIS

  • strength

weaker

stronger

initialtodo

medialweightylady

finalmatemade

initialsinkzinc

mediallooserloser

finalpriceprize


FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

piebuy

tie die

cave gave


FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

pie

buy

spy

púa

búa

spúla


FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

  • Particular problems for Icelanders:

    • preaspiration

      • rappa – supper, stopp – stop

      • skvetta – better, matt – Matt - mat

      • rekka – wrecker, lakk - lack

      • fitness, apple, bottle, picnic


FORTIS

LENIS

  • glottalization

not

glottalized

may be

glottalized

that

what

shop

make

match

captain


FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • length

shorter

longer

  • strength

stronger

weaker

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

not glottalized

may be glottalized

  • glottalization


  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

FORTIS

LENIS


ph p

Icelandic

French

p b

Lenis

Fortis

ph b

English

PIE BUY

PÆ BÆ

PEAU BEAU


ph p b

Icelandic

French

peau

beau

English

pie

buy


pin

pHin

tie

tHai

key

kHI

spin

spin

sty

stai

ski

skI

pH-sp, tH-st, kH-sk


pin

penni

spenni

spin

bin

benni


VOT

Voice Onset time


no voicing

voicing

release

lip

closure

penni

pin

labour, grabber

spin

spenna, benni

ábót, labba

bin

super, supper

rabb, rop

rub

top

topp

VOT


VOT

Voice Onset Time


lip

closure

release

labba

labour

pay, páll

bay

bein

no voicing

voicing


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