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Fortis and lenis – the inside story

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Fortis and lenis – the inside story. AFFRICATES. FRICATIVES. PLOSIVES. fortis. lenis. FORTIS. LENIS. voicing. often voiced. unvoiced. length. shorter. longer. strength. stronger. weaker. not aspirated. may be aspirated. aspiration. not glottalized. may be glottalized.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Fortis and lenis –

the inside story

slide2

AFFRICATES

FRICATIVES

PLOSIVES

fortis

lenis

slide3

FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • length

shorter

longer

  • strength

stronger

weaker

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

not glottalized

may be glottalized

  • glottalization
slide4

FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

initial to do

medial weighty lady

final mate made

initial sink zinc

medial looser loser

final price prize

slide5

FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • Particular problems for Icelanders:
    • voicing of final plosives
      • rip – rib, rope – robe, wipe – vibe
      • mat – mad, mate – meid, rote – road
      • leak – league, lock – log, back – bag
      • batch – badge, rich – ridge
slide6

FORTIS

LENIS

  • length

shorter

longer

initial to do

medial weighty lady

final mate made

initial sink zinc

medial looser loser

final price prize

slide7

FORTIS

LENIS

  • length

shorter

longer

  • Note: there are no long consonants in English as there are in Icelandic
    • Compare:
    • rubber – labour
    • laddy – lady
    • eager – bigger
slide8

FORTIS

LENIS

  • strength

weaker

stronger

initial to do

medial weighty lady

final mate made

initial sink zinc

medial looser loser

final price prize

slide9

FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

piebuy

tie die

cave gave

slide10

FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

pie

buy

spy

púa

búa

spúla

slide11

FORTIS

LENIS

  • aspiration

not

aspirated

may be

aspirated

  • Particular problems for Icelanders:
    • preaspiration
      • rappa – supper, stopp – stop
      • skvetta – better, matt – Matt - mat
      • rekka – wrecker, lakk - lack
      • fitness, apple, bottle, picnic
slide12

FORTIS

LENIS

  • glottalization

not

glottalized

may be

glottalized

that

what

shop

make

match

captain

slide13

FORTIS

LENIS

  • voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

  • length

shorter

longer

  • strength

stronger

weaker

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

not glottalized

may be glottalized

  • glottalization
slide14

voicing

often voiced

unvoiced

not aspirated

may be aspirated

  • aspiration

FORTIS

LENIS

slide15

ph p

Icelandic

French

p b

Lenis

Fortis

ph b

English

PIE BUY

PÆ BÆ

PEAU BEAU

slide16

ph p b

Icelandic

French

peau

beau

English

pie

buy

ph sp th st kh sk
pin

pHin

tie

tHai

key

kHI

spin

spin

sty

stai

ski

skI

pH-sp, tH-st, kH-sk
slide18

pin

penni

spenni

spin

bin

benni

slide19

VOT

Voice Onset time

slide20

no voicing

voicing

release

lip

closure

penni

pin

labour, grabber

spin

spenna, benni

ábót, labba

bin

super, supper

rabb, rop

rub

top

topp

VOT

slide21

VOT

Voice Onset Time

slide23

lip

closure

release

labba

labour

pay, páll

bay

bein

no voicing

voicing

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