Explaining china s changing income inequality market vs social benefits
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Explaining China ’ s Changing Income Inequality: Market vs. Social Benefits. Qin Gao & Carl Riskin. Table 1: Urban Gini Ratios.

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Explaining China ’ s Changing Income Inequality: Market vs. Social Benefits

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Explaining China’s Changing Income Inequality: Market vs. Social Benefits

Qin Gao & Carl Riskin


Table 1: Urban Gini Ratios

Note: Urban “market income” includes wages, income from private enterprises, property income and rental value of owner-occupied housing. “Total income” also includes social benefits (cash and in-kind), private transfers, and taxes and fees (a negative item).


Table 2: Changes in Household Income in Urban China


Table 3. Concentration Ratios of Broad Income Components (Pre-tax)


Table 4. Contribution of Income Sources to Overall Inequality (%)


Table 5: Changes in Social Benefits in Urban China


Table 6. Concentration Ratios of Urban Social Benefit Components


Table 7. Contribution of Social Benefits to Overall Urban Inequality (pre-tax) (%)


Table 8: Changes in Household Per Capita Income, Rural China


Table 9. Sources of Reduced Inequality of Rural Income


Table 10. Changes in Per Capita SocialBenefits, Rural China


Table 8: Share of Tax Payments in Total Household Income by Decile in Rural China(%)


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