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Writing to a Prompt using a 4-square Graphic Organizer. DWA Preparation. What is writing to a prompt. A prompt is a topic you are asked to write about. 4 types of Prompts. Narrative Expository Persuasive Descriptive. Narrative Essay.

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What is writing to a prompt
What is writing to a prompt

  • A prompt is a topic you are asked to write about.

4 types of Prompts

  • Narrative

  • Expository

  • Persuasive

  • Descriptive


Narrative essay
Narrative Essay

  • A narrative tells a story. It could be fiction or non-fiction. It includes a beginning, middle, and end.

  • Example: Write a story about a time when you were sad.

  • Clue words – narrate, tell a story about, write about a time, what happened when


Expository essay
Expository Essay

  • Expository is another word for explaining. In an expository essay you may be asked to give information about something or you might be asked to explain something.

  • Example: What is your favorite sport is and why?

  • Clue words: Explain, tell why, talk about, write why.


Descriptive essay
Descriptive Essay

  • In a descriptive essay you describe a thing, person, event or place.

  • Example: Tell about a cold winter day.

  • Clue words: describe, tell about an object, what does it look and feel like, write so your reader can see, picture in your mind.


Persuasive essay
Persuasive Essay

  • To persuade someone is to convince them to agree with you. Your job is decide your point of view and write arguments to persuade your ready to share your view.

  • Example: Should limits be placed on the amount of television children are allowed to watch?

  • Clue words: Should there be, convince your reader, support your view, make an argument.


Deciding what kind of prompt
Deciding what kind of prompt

  • Everyone has a favorite possession. Tell what your favorite possession is and why it’s important to you.

Expository!


Narrative


Persuasive


Descriptive


Persuasive


Expository


Make up a story about what is in a basket. for liking this food best.

Narrative



Steps to writing to a prompt
Steps to writing to a prompt picnic and why.

  • Decide what kind of writing the prompt is asking for

  • Plan your writing

  • Write first draft

  • Revise writing

  • Proofread


Why organize
Why organize? picnic and why.

  • Makes your writing more understandable

  • You won’t forget anything

  • Listen to two examples:


Using a 4 square to organize an expository essay
Using a 4-square to organize an Expository Essay picnic and why.

Supporting Idea

Supporting Idea

Topic Sentence

Supporting Idea

Wrap up sentence


3 supporting ideas and a wrap up sentence

Pretzels picnic and why.

Popcorn

Snacks

Peanuts

Pretzels, popcorn, and peanuts are snacks.

3 supporting ideas and a wrap up sentence


Your turn

Sports Equipment picnic and why.

Your Turn


3 supporting ideas
3 supporting ideas picnic and why.

  • Center of the box now has a complete sentence

  • First three boxes must contain reasons

  • Must prove the topic sentence true

  • Must be real reasons


Easy to cook picnic and why.

Fun to eat

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

Delicious

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to cook, fun to eat, and delicious.


Your turn1

My favorite sport is __________ picnic and why.

Your Turn


Checklist
Checklist picnic and why.

  • Can the four square reasons be backed by facts or do they read as opinion?

  • Is there repetition of detail?


Adding supporting details
Adding supporting details picnic and why.

  • Our story so far would read as follows:

    My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s fun to eat. My favorite meal is spaghetti because it’s delicious. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.

  • We need to elaborate – add details.

  • We will add 3 details to each square.

  • These details will clarify or give examples of the phrase at the top of the square.


  • It’s easy picnic and why.

  • Roll up meat

  • Throw in pot

  • Pour store-bought sauce

  • It’s fun to eat

  • Twirl on fork

  • Slurp it

  • Splatter the sauce

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

  • It’s delicious

  • Tomatoes

  • Italian spices

  • Filling meat

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.


Your turn2

Reason: picnic and why.

Detail

Detail

Detail

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

My favorite sport is ___________

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Wrap up sentence

Your Turn


Checklist1
Checklist picnic and why.

  • Are the details logical expansion of the reasons?

  • Are the details factual and free of opinion?

  • Are there any mechanical problems in the wrap-up sentence?


Using connecting words
Using connecting words picnic and why.

  • Choose a connecting word (transitions) and put at the top of each square.

  • Use the handout to help you choose appropriate connecting words for each square.


  • First picnic and why.

  • It’s easy

  • Roll up meat

  • Throw in pot

  • Pour store-bought sauce

  • Also

  • It’s fun to eat

  • Twirl on fork

  • Slurp it

  • Splatter the sauce

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

  • Third

  • It’s delicious

  • Tomatoes

  • Italian spices

  • Filling meat

So you can see

My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.


Your turn3

Connecting word picnic and why.

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Connecting word

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

My favorite sport is ___________

Connecting word

Reason:

Detail

Detail

Detail

Connecting word

Wrap up sentence

Your Turn


Vivid language
Vivid language picnic and why.

  • What sounds better?

    • The water was cold.

    • The water felt like ice.

  • Think of your senses – how does it feel, taste, smell, look, feel?

  • Add a vivid detail to each supporting detail.


    • First picnic and why.

    • It’s easy

    • Roll up meat

      • Golf balls

    • Throw in pot

      • Huge cauldron-size

    • Pour store-bought sauce

      • Prego

    • Also

    • It’s fun to eat

    • Twirl on fork

      • Looks like a twister

    • Slurp it

      • Loud smacking noises

    • Splatter the sauce

      • Like an explosion

    My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.

    • Third

    • It’s delicious

    • Tomatoes

      • Red and tangy

    • Italian spices

      • Zippy garlic

    • Filling meat

      • Like a hamburger

    So you can see

    My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.


    Your turn4

    • Connecting word picnic and why.

    • Reason:

    • Detail

      • vivid

    • Detail

      • Vivid

    • Detail

      • vivid

    • Connecting word

    • Reason:

    • Detail

      • vivid

    • Detail

      • vivid

    • Detail

      • vivid

    My favorite sport is ___________

    • Connecting word

    • Reason:

    • Detail

      • vivid

    • Detail

      • Vivid

    • Detail

      • vivid

    Connecting word

    Wrap up sentence

    Your turn


    Checklist2
    Checklist picnic and why.

    • Do the added vivid images add more information to the details?

    • Have you used a thesaurus to find the best possible word?

    • Have you checked your punctuation? How about your grammar?


    Taking the writing off the organizer

    2 picnic and why.

    3

    1

    4

    5

    Taking the writing off the organizer


    My favorite meal
    My Favorite Meal picnic and why.

    My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, and it’s fun to eat. I always enjoy eating the meal since it’s tasty anytime.

    The first step in making the meal is the meatball. You simply roll up the hamburger into golf-ball sized pieces, then throw it in the pot. I use a huge, cauldron-size pot to cook the meatballs. After they are cooked, I pour on a store-bought sauce. My favorite brand is Prego. The noodles get cooked in a pot of hot water until they are soft, but still somewhat firm.

    Another reason my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs is because it’s fun to eat. I like to twirl the noodles on my fork. They look like a twister. It’s fun to slurp them into my mouth because it makes a loud smacking noise. I always splatter the sauce all over my mouth. When I’m done, it looks like an explosion of red dots where I have been sitting.


    • My third reason for liking is spaghetti and meatballs is because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • So you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.

    • Feedback:

    • Did the essay have organization?

    • Were there transitions connecting the paragraphs?

    • Are the details factual and free of opinion?

    • Are there vivid details?

    • Did the essay have any obvious grammatical errors?

    • What suggestions do you have for the essay?


    Your turn5
    Your turn because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • Read your 4-square to a partner or in your peer editing group

    • Do the sentences flow well?

    • Have you used the right tense throughout the essay?

    • Is your topic sentence clear?

    • How are your hook and conclusion?


    Improving the introduction
    Improving the introduction because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • First paragraph

      • Hook

      • Topic sentence

      • Wrap up sentence

      • Personal/reflective sentence

    • Food that is simple to cook and fun to eat are two ingredients needed to make it special. It also needs to be tasty. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I could eat spaghetti and meatballs for dinner every night.


    Improving the closing paragraph
    Improving the closing paragraph because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • Final paragraph

      • Summarize main points and then wrap-up sentence with connecting word

      • Personal / Reflective sentence, question or exclamation

    • So you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I am making some tonight. Would you like to come over for dinner?


    Your turn6
    Your Turn because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • Write an intro and closing paragraph.


    Using the 4 square method to write an essay
    Using the 4-square method to write an essay because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    • Expository

      • Gives information

      • States reasons or examples

      • Must have connecting words

      • Few quotations

    • Narrative

      • Entertains

      • Has events

      • Connecting words as needed

      • More dialogue


    Expository because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    Friends

    Games

    The best day of my life

    Food

    skydive

    Land safely

    The best day of my life

    Meet the

    president

    Narrative


    Event because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    Event

    Topic plus

    Who?

    What?

    Where?

    When?

    Why?

    Event

    Big Ending


    • Time connector because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.: In the beginning

    • Event: Cat food commercial came on

    • Details

    • Dancing cats

      • Top hats

    • Singing about food

      • “meow-yum”

    • I said it was cute

      • laughed

    • Time connector: During the commercial

    • Event: My cat hissed

    • Details

    • Arched his back

      • Angry

    • His hair stood up

      • Like a porcupine

        • Loud scream

        • Ear splitting

    When my cat started talking

    Who? My cat and I

    What? Relaxing

    Where? At home

    When? In the evening

    Why? It had been a long day

    • Time connector: Just then

    • Event: He started talking

    • Details

    • Called the commercial foolish

      • Snarled

    • Said the food was gross

      • For dogs

    • Told me never to buy it

      • I thought it was his favorite.

    • Time connector: Since that day

    • Big ending:

    • He has never spoken again

    • I stopped buying that cat food.

    • My cat has restrictions on his TV time.


    Completed narrative essay
    Completed Narrative Essay because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    One evening I was relaxing at home. My cat and I were watching television. It had been a long day, and I needed some time to wind down.

    In the beginning of our favorite show, a commercial came on for a brand of cat food I usually buy. This commercial had adorable little dancing cats. They were wearing black top hats. The cats were also singing about the cat food. “Meow-yum, meow-yum,” they sang. I thought it was cute, and I laughed out loud.

    During this commercial my cat hissed, which is not something he usually does. He arched his back and looked quite angry. The hair on his back was standing up like porcupine quills. He let out an ear-splitting scream.

    Just then he started talking. He called the commercial foolish and snarled at the television. My cat told me that brand of cat food was gross, and it was only good for dogs, which means that it must be pretty bad. Then he told me never to buy it again. I had always thought he liked the stuff.

    Since that day my cat has not spoken again. I did stop buying that brand of cat food. But because of his ill-mannered hissing and growling, my cat has had a limit placed on his television time.


    Your turn7
    Your turn because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.

    Prompt:

    Think back to when you had a happy experience. Remember where you were and what happened. Write a story about that happy experience

    Now complete the 4-square


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