Chapter 4 integumentary system
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Chapter 4: Integumentary System. Medical terminology. Chapter 4 Abbreviations. Ax, AX D 5 W H2O IV IVPB NS PCA TKO. = axillary = dextrose = water = intravenous = intravenous piggy back = normal saline = patient controlled analgesia = to keep open. Chapter 4 Abbreviations. ID

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Chapter 4 integumentary system

Chapter 4: Integumentary System

Medical terminology


Chapter 4 abbreviations

Chapter 4 Abbreviations

  • Ax, AX

  • D5W

  • H2O

  • IV

  • IVPB

  • NS

  • PCA

  • TKO

= axillary

= dextrose

= water

= intravenous

= intravenous piggy back

= normal saline

= patient controlled analgesia

= to keep open


Chapter 4 abbreviations1

Chapter 4 Abbreviations

  • ID

  • IM

  • PR

  • SL

  • SQ, SC

  • supp

  • top

= intradermal

= intramuscular

= per rectum

= under the tongue

= subcutaneous

= suppository

= topical


Chapter 4 abbreviations2

Chapter 4 Abbreviations

  • MRSA

  • staph

  • strep

  • NKA

  • NKDA

= methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

= staphylococcus

= streptococcus

= no known allergies

= no known drug allergies


Integumentary system

Integumentary System

  • The integumentary system is composed of the skin, nails, and glands

    • The skin forms a protective covering for the body that, when unbroken, prevents entry of bacteria and other invading organisms. The skin also protects the body from water loss and the damaging effects of ultraviolet light. Other functions include regulation of body temperature and synthesis of vitamin D.


Integumentary system1

Integumentary System


The skin

The Skin

  • Epidermis

    • outer layer of skin

  • Keratin

    • horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contained in the hair, skin, and nails

  • Melanin

    • color, or pigmentation, of the skin

  • Dermis

    • inner layer of skin (also called the true skin)


The skin1

The Skin

  • Sudoriferous (sweat) glands

    • tiny, coiled, tubular structures that emerge through pores on the skin’s surface and secrete sweat

  • Sebaceous glands

    • secrete sebum (oil) into the hair follicles where the hair shafts pass through the dermis


The skin accessory structures

The Skin (accessory structures)

  • Hair

    • compressed, keratinized cells that arise from hair follicles, the sacs that enclose the hair fibers

  • Nails

    • originate in the epidermis. Nails are found on the upper surface of the ends of the fingers and toes . The white area at the base of nail is called the lunula, or moon


Word parts for integumentary system

Word Parts forIntegumentary System

Combining Form

Definition

  • cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o

  • kerat/o

  • onych/o, ungu/o

  • seb/o

  • trich/o

  • skin

  • horny tissue, hard

  • nail

  • sebum (oil)

  • hair


Word parts commonly used with integumentary system

Word Parts Commonly Used with Integumentary System

Combining Form

Definition

  • aut/o

  • bi/o

  • crypt/o

  • heter/o

  • myc/o

  • necr/o

  • rhytid/o

  • staphyl/o

  • strept/o

  • xer/o

  • self

  • life

  • hidden

  • other

  • fungus

  • death (cells, body)

  • wrinkles

  • grapelike clusters

  • twisted chains

  • dry


Word parts for integumentary system1

Word Parts for Integumentary System

Prefix

Definition

  • epi-

  • intra-

  • para-

  • per-

  • sub-

  • trans-

  • on, upon, over

  • within

  • beside, beyond, around, abnormal

  • through

  • under, below

  • through, across, beyond


Word parts for integumentary system2

Word Parts for Integumentary System

Suffix

Definition

  • -a

  • -coccus (pl. –cocci)

  • -ectomy

  • -ia

  • -itis

  • -malacia

  • -opsy

  • -phagia

  • noun suffix, no meaning

  • berry-shaped (form of bacterium)

  • excision or surgical removal

  • diseased or abnormal state, condition of

  • inflammation

  • softening

  • view of, viewing

  • eating or swallowing


Word parts for integumentary system3

Word Parts for Integumentary System

Suffix

Definition

  • -plasty

  • -rrhea

  • -tome

  • surgical repair

  • flow, discharge

  • instrument used to cut


Med terms from word parts disease and disorder

Med Terms (from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • Dermatitis

  • Dermatofibroma

  • leiodermia

  • leukoderma

  • onychocryptosis

  • onychomalacia

  • Inflammation of the skin

  • fibrous tumor of the skin

  • condition of smooth skin

  • white skin (white patches caused by depidmentation)

  • abnormal condition of a hidden nail (also called ingrown nail)

  • softening of the nails


Med terms from word parts disease and disorder1

Med Terms (from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • onychomycosis

  • onychophagia

  • seborrhea

  • trichomycosis

  • xeroderma

  • abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails

  • eating the nails (nail biting)

  • discharge of sebum (excessive)

  • abnormal condition of a fungus in the hair

  • dry skin (a mild form of a cutaneous disorder characterized by keratinization and noniflammatory scaling)


Med terms not from word parts disease and disorder

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • abrasion

  • abscess

  • acne

  • scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury

  • localized collection of pus

  • inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles


Med terms not from word parts disease and disorder1

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • cellulitis

  • contusion

  • fissure

  • Inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever

  • Injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration (also called a bruise)

  • Slit or cracklike sore in the skin


Med terms not from word parts disease and disorder2

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • infection

  • the invasion of pathogens in body tissue.

    • An infection may remain localized if the body’s defense mechanisms are effective. If the infection persists, it may become acute, subacute, or chronic. A systemic infection occurs when the pathogen causing a local infection gains access to the vascular or lymphatic system and becomes disseminated throughout the body


Med terms not from word parts disease and disorder3

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • laceration

  • lesion

  • torn, ragged-edged wound

  • any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease. It is a broad term that includes sores, wounds, ulcers, and tumors


Med terms not from word parts disease and disorder4

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Disease and Disorder]

Term

Definition

  • MRSA infection

  • invasion of body tissue by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a strain of common bacteria that has developed resistance to penicillin and other antibiotics.

    • It can produce skin and soft tissue infections and sometimes bloodstream infections and pneumonia, which can be fatal if not treated. MRSA is quite common in hospitals and long-term care facilities but is increasingly emerging as an important infection in the general population


Med terms from word parts surgical

Med Terms (from word parts)[Surgical]

Term

Definition

  • biopsy

  • dermatoautoplasty

  • dermatoheteroplasty

  • dermatome

  • view of life (the removal of living tissue from the body to be viewed under the microscope)

  • surgical repair using one’s own skin (skin graft) (also called autograph)

  • surgical repair using skin from others (skin graft) (also called allograft)

  • instrument used to cut skin (in thin slices for skin grafts)


Med terms from word parts surgical1

Med Terms (from word parts)[Surgical]

Term

Definition

  • dermatoplasty

  • onychectomy

  • rhytidectomy

  • rhytidoplasty

  • surgical repair of the skin

  • excision of a nail

  • excision of a wrinkles (facelift)

  • surgical repair of wrinkles


Med terms not from word parts surgical

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Surgical]

Term

Definition

  • cauterization

  • cryosurgery

  • debridement

  • excision

  • destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance (also called cautery)

  • destruction of tissue by using extreme cold, often by using liquid nitrogen

  • removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound

  • removal by cutting


Med terms not from word parts surgical1

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Surgical]

Term

Definition

  • incision

  • incision &

    drainage (I&D)

  • laser surgery

  • suturing

  • surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument

  • surgical cut made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a lesion, wound, or cavity

  • procedure using an instrument that emits a high-powered beam of light used to cut, burn, vaporize, or destroy tissue

  • to stitch edges of a wound surgically


Med terms from word parts complementary terms

Med Terms (from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Terms

Definition

  • dermatologist

  • dermatology (derm)

  • epidermal

  • erythroderma

  • hypodermic

  • intrademal

  • a physician who studies and treats skin (disease)

  • study of the skin (a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases)

  • pertaining to upon the skin

  • red skin (abnormal redness)

  • pertaining to under the skin

  • pertaining to within the skin


Med terms from word parts complementary terms1

Med Terms (from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • keratogenic

  • necrosis

  • percutaneous

  • Staphylococcus(pl. staphylococci)

  • Streptococcus (pl. streptococci)

  • originating in horny tissue

  • abnornal condition of death (cells and tissue die because of disease)

  • pertaining to through the skin

  • berry-shaped (bacterium) in grapelike clusters (cause many skin diseases)

  • berry-shaped (bacterium) in twisted chains)


Med terms from word parts complementary terms2

Med Terms (from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • subcutaneous

  • transdermal

  • ungual

  • xanthoderma

  • pertaining to under the skin

  • pertaining to through the skin

  • pertaining to the nail

  • yellow skin (also called jaundice)


Med terms not from word parts complementary terms

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • alopecia

  • bacteria

  • cyst

  • diaphoresis

  • loss of hair

  • single-celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division and may cause infection by invading body tissue

  • a closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material

  • profuse sweating


Med terms not from word parts complementary terms1

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • ecchymosis (pl. ecchymoses)

  • edema

  • erythema

  • Escape of blood into the skin (or mucous membrane), causing a small, flat, purple, or blue discoloration, as may occur when blood is withdrawn by a needle and syringe from an arm vein

  • Puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid

  • redness


Med terms not from word parts complementary terms2

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • fungus

  • induration

  • jaundice

  • pallor

  • Organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from its surroundings and may cause infection by invading body tissue; single-celled fungi (yeast) reproduce by budding; multi-celled fungi (mold) reproduce by spore formation

  • abnormal hard spot(s)

  • condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin (also called xanthoderma)

  • paleness


Med terms not from word parts complementary terms3

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • pressure ulcer

  • pruritus

  • ulcer

  • vesicle

  • erosion of the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occurring in bedridden patients (also called decubitus ulcer or bed sore)

  • severe itching

  • erosion of the skin or mucous membrane

  • small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid (also called blister)


Med terms not from word parts complementary terms4

Med Terms (not from word parts)[Complementary Terms]

Term

Definition

  • virus

  • wheal

  • minute microorganism, much smaller than a bacterium, characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and the ability to replicate only within host cells; may cause infection by invading body tissue

  • transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding area; a lesion


Pictures and examples

Pictures and Examples

Onychomycosis

__________ / ____ / ________ /________________

nail cv fungus abnomal condition


Pictures and examples1

Pictures and Examples

Cryosurgery

Punch Biopsy


Pictures and examples2

Pictures and Examples

Suturing


Pictures and examples3

Pictures and Examples

intradermal

________ / ___ / ___________

Within / skin / pertaining to patch

subcutaneous

________ / ___ / ___________

Under / skin / pertaining to injection

_____ / ____ / ___________

using a under / skin / pertaining to needle

hypodermal


Pictures and examples4

Pictures and Examples

Transdermal

________ / ___ / ___________

Through / skin / pertaining to patch


Pictures and examples5

Pictures and Examples

Staphylococcus

_________ / __ / ___________

Grapelike / cv / berry-shaped

clusters

Streptococcus

_________ / __ / ___________

Twisted / cv / berry-shaped

chains


Pictures and examples6

Pictures and Examples

Cyst (A closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material)

Ex) Acne

Vesicle (small elevation of epidermis containing liquid)

Ex) Blisters

Wheal (round, itchy elevation of the skin)

Ex) Hives


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