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Legislative Branch (Congress). Organization of Congress. Starter: Vocabulary Quiz. Bicameral Census Constituent Gerrymander Majority Party Minority Party Standing committee Seniority Express powers Implied powers Elastic clause Impeach Writ of habeas corpus Bill of attainder

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Legislative Branch (Congress)

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Legislative branch congress

Legislative Branch (Congress)

Organization of Congress


Starter vocabulary quiz

Starter: Vocabulary Quiz

  • Bicameral

  • Census

  • Constituent

  • Gerrymander

  • Majority Party

  • Minority Party

  • Standing committee

  • Seniority

  • Express powers

  • Implied powers

  • Elastic clause

  • Impeach

  • Writ of habeas corpus

  • Bill of attainder

  • Ex post facto law

  • Lobbyist

  • Veto

  • Pocket veto

  • Fillabuster


House of representatives

House of Representatives

  • Requirement: 25years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state representing

  • Terms: 2years terms, focus on concerns in their district

  • Larger Body--Total size: 435, representation based on size of state

  • Make laws

  • Article I Section 2 Constitution

  • Republican or Democratic

  • Elected by the people

  • Sole Power of Impeachment


House of representatives1

House of Representatives

  • Speaker of the House: Most powerful leader in House. He steers legislation, chooses who belongs to which committees, & other duties. He is always a member of the majority party (political party with the most members in Congress)

  • Majority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the majority party (party with the most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.

  • Minority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the minority party (party with the 2nd most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.

  • Party Whips: Helpsthe floor leader. The Democrats have a party whip and the Republicans have a party whip. The Party Whips help keep track of the members of Congress and how they vote on issues.


Senate

Senate

  • Requirements: 30years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of state representing

  • Terms: 6 years terms, unlimited amount

  • Total size: 100, two per state

  • Article I Section 3

  • Meets in secret sessions

  • Republican or Democratic


Senate1

Senate

  • Vice President of the United States: the official leader of Senate. The presiding officer. Rarely attends debates over legislation. Votes in case of a tie only.

  • President Pro Tempore: acts as chairperson and monitors debates. Member of the majority party. Title means “for the time being”; in charge when vice president is absent.

  • Majority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the majority party (party with the most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.

  • Minority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the minority party (party with the 2nd most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.

  • Party Whips: Helpsthe floor leader. The Democrats have a party whip and the Republicans have a party whip. The Party Whips help keep track of the members of Congress and how they vote on issues.


Congressional leaders

Congressional Leaders

  • House and the Senate

  • Majority party- political party to which more than half the members belong

  • Minority party- fewer members

  • Speaker of the House-most powerful with the House of Representatives

  • President pro tempore-chairperson of the Senate


Congressional committees

Congressional Committees

  • Committees study, revise, and debate bills that could become a law, a budget, resolution, or act.

  • Their job is to decide if this is good for America and is it possible.

  • Committee assignments are chosen by the leader of each house of Congress often based on seniority


Congressional committees1

Congressional Committees


Powers

Powers


How a bill becomes a law

How a Bill Becomes a Law


Step 1

Step 1

  • Starts with an idea from a citizen, member of Congress, or the president.

  • idea sponsored by member of Congress, put into draft form, & introduced into Congress

  • Assigned a number (S.123) (HR 123)


Step 2

Step 2

  • Bill assigned to Committee. The committee studies, researches, and revises the bill. They can:

    Send the bill to next step

    Kill the bill (bill will not become a law)

    Pigeonhole the bill (set it aside for later)


Step 3

Step 3

  • Subcommittee studies bill, gets citizen input, then has the same options as Step 2 (send, kill, or pigeonhole)


Step 4

Step 4

  • Full committee: votes to sent to full House or Senate (which ever one it started in)


Step 5

Step 5

  • Bill read to full House or Senate

  • Debated

  • vote (voice, standing, or roll-call)-must have a 2/3 approval to go to next step


Step 6

Step 6

  • If passes, must go to other house

  • Bill must pass in the same form (no changes can be made)

  • If changes are made must call a Conference committee to work out compromises

  • If changes are approved by both House and Senate, goes to next step


Step 7

Step 7

  • Sent to President for final approval ,he/she can:

    *sign bill into law/declare it law

    *Pocket veto (put aside, if after 10 days Congress is in session it becomes a law, if not in session it dies)

    *Veto (refusal to sign it into law)


Step 8

Step 8

  • If vetoed by president, Congress can override the veto but 2/3 vote in each house. Very difficult to achieve.


North carolina state government

NORTH CAROLINA STATE GOVERNMENT

Chapter 13 Section 1 Legislative Branch of North Carolina


Federalism

FEDERALISM

SHARING OF POWER BETWEEN NATIONAL (FEDERAL) AND STATE GOVERNMENTS


The two governments

THE TWO GOVERNMENTS

FEDERAL: USA

STATE: NORTH CAROLINA


Separation of powers

SEPARATION OF POWERS


Separation of powers1

SEPARATION OF POWERS


Separation of powers2

SEPARATION OF POWERS


Nc state constitution

NC STATE CONSTITUTION

  • “FIRST IN FREEDOM”

    • NC FREEDOM FOR ENGLAND

  • NC CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES

    • PREAMBLE: INTRODUCTION: WE THE PEOPLE

      • PG 355

    • AMENDMENT PROCESS (2 TIERED)

      • 3/5 VOTE OF PROPOSAL IN HOUSE & SENATE

      • MAJORITY VOTE OF THE NC CITIZENS

    • DECLARATION OF RIGHTS

      • 25 GUARANTEES OF FREEDOM

    • POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY

      • PEOPLE ULTIMATE SOURCE OF POWER GIVEN TO THE GOVERNMENT

      • LIMITED GOVERNMENT

    • SEPARATION OF POWERS

      • CHECKS AND BALANCES


Nc legislative

NC LEGISLATIVE

Called General Assembly

2 house legislature (bicameral)- Senate and House of Representatives


N c legislature

N.C. LEGISLATURE

  • NC GENERAL ASSEMBLY

    • SERVE 2 YR TERMS WITHOUT LIMITS

    • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATE

      • 120 MEMBERS, SPEAKER

    • SENATE

      • 50 MEMBERS, LT. GOV & PRESIDENT PRO TEMP

    • POWERS

    • LONG SESSION (JAN-JUN)

    • SHORT SESSION (MAY-6WK)

    • NEW BUDGET YEAR OR FISCAL YEAR 6/1

  • US CONGRESS

    • 2 YR TERMS HOUSE

    • 6 YR TERMS SENATE

    • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATE

      • 435 MEMBERS, SPEAKER

    • SENATE

      • 100 MEMBERS, V.P. & PRESIDENT PRO TEMP

    • POWERS

    • SESSION LAST 2 YRS

    • NO LONG OR SHORT

    • NEW BUDGET OR FISCAL YEAR: 10/1


Activity

Activity

Venn Diagram:

Comparison Chart: Legislative Branches

U.S. Legislative and N.C. Legislative


Requirements

Requirements

To be a member of the General Assembly, you must be a citizen of the state, live in district they represent and meet an age requirement. (Senator-25 yrs old, Representative- 18 yrs. old)

Elected every two years


Function of general assembly

Function of General Assembly

Main job is to make laws

Each house has a leader;

Lieutenant governor resides over

Senate and President Pro Tempore is in charge if Lt. Governor is not there.

Introduce, sent to committee, study, revise, debate and pass or kill bills.


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