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Study of Disability In Arkansas. Presented by: Neha Thakkar Arkansas Center for Health Statistics Arkansas Department of Health With lot of help from: Shalini Manjanatha. What is BRFSS?. B ehavioral R isk F actor S urveillance S ystem

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Study of disability in arkansas

Study of Disability In Arkansas

Presented by:

Neha Thakkar

Arkansas Center for Health Statistics

Arkansas Department of Health

With lot of help from:

Shalini Manjanatha


What is brfss
What is BRFSS?

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

  • World’s largest continuously ongoing telephonic survey

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) support

  • Currently being conducted in all the 50 states and US territories


Brfss in the u s 1984
BRFSS in the U.S., 1984

Montana

Minnesota

Wisconsin

Idaho

Rhode Island

Ohio

Illinois

Utah

Indiana

West

Virginia

California

North

Carolina

Tennessee

South

Carolina


Brfss in the u s 1997
BRFSS in the U.S., 1997

Washington

Vermont

Maine

Montana

North Dakota

Minnesota

Oregon

New Hampshire

Wisconsin

Idaho

South Dakota

Massachusetts

New York

Wyoming

Michigan

Rhode Island

Connecticut

Pennsylvania

Iowa

Nebraska

New Jersey

Nevada

Ohio

Delaware

Utah

Indiana

Illinois

West

Virginia

District of Columbia

Colorado

California

Maryland

Kansas

Virginia

Missouri

Kentucky

North

Carolina

Tennessee

Arkansas

Arizona

Oklahoma

South

Carolina

New Mexico

Alabama

Georgia

Texas

Mississippi

Louisiana

Florida

Alaska

Guam

Puerto Rico

Virgin Islands

Hawaii


Questionnaire sample
Questionnaire & Sample

  • Consists of 1) core questions

    2) sponsored modules

    3) state-added questions

  • Sample: Randomly selected resident telephone number and randomly selected adult in the household

    (Stratified Random Sample)


Contents of brfss
Contents of BRFSS

  • Health status, Health care access, Exercise, Environmental factors, Tobacco Usage, Alcohol Consumption, Diabetes, Asthma, Arthritis, Oral Health, Disability, HIV /AIDS, Family Planning, Women’s Health etc.


Limitation of the data
Limitation of the Data

  • Due to the small sample size, the analysis is done combining four years of data rather than for each year separately. Due to this, providing a trend line for risk factors is not possible.

  • Total Disability is considered to be the base to calculate the various risk factors.


Criteria for being called disabled
Criteria for being called Disabled

  • During 1998-2000 the disability was defined based on respondents answering “Yes” to at least one of the following questions:

  • Are you limited in the kind or amount of work you can do because of any impairment or health problem?

  • Because of any impairment or health problem, do you have any trouble learning, remembering, or concentrating?

  • Do you use special equipment or help from others to get around?

  • Are you limited in any way in any activities because of any impairment or health problem?


Criteria for being called disabled1
Criteria for being called Disabled

  • During 2001 the disability definition changed. Any respondent answering “Yes” to any of the following questions would be considered to be disabled:

  • Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental or emotional problem?

  • Do you now have any health problem that requires you to use special equipment, such as a cane, a wheelchair, a special bed, or a special telephone?


Disability in arkansans demographics
Disability in Arkansans - Demographics

  • About 25.8% Arkansas adults are disabled, which is approximately 668,350 people from the total adult population

  • 11.62% - Male and 14.18% Female

  • Age 50-59 with highest disability rate

  • Higher rate of disability among people with lower education, lower household income and unemployment (partly due to higher proportion of elderly in these groups)

  • Major impairment was back and neck problems ~ 19.5%


Disability demographic characteristics

Socio-Demographic Characteristics

With Disability (%)

Without Disability (%)

All Persons (Age  18)

25.8

74.2

Age

18-64

21.1

78.9

65+

45.9

54.1

Gender

Male

24.5

75.5

Female

26.9

73.1

Education

Less than H.S

46.8

53.2

H.S Grad

24.9

75.2

Some College

22.6

77.4

College Grad

16.9

83.1

Income

< $15,000

50.7

49.3

$15-24,999K

31.0

69.0

$25-49,999K

20.0

79.9

$50-74,999K

14.4

85.6

$ 75,000K

12.7

87.3

Disability- Demographic Characteristics


Disability general health
Disability – General Health


Disability diabetes
Disability – Diabetes

  • Out of 25.8% disabled respondents, 15.1% reported to have diabetes also.


Disability asthma
Disability –Asthma

  • Out of 25.8% disabled respondents, 17.4% reported to have asthma also.


Disability health care coverage
Disability – Health Care Coverage

  • Out of 25.8% disabled respondents, 15.2% reported to have no health care coverage.


Disability overweight and obese
Disability – Overweight and Obese

  • Out of 25.8% disabled respondents, 36% reported to have BMI >= 25.


Disability tobacco use smoking
Disability – Tobacco Use (Smoking)

  • Out of 25.8% people with disability 28.1% of people reported to be current smokers.


Disability social emotional support
Disability – Social/Emotional Support

  • 87% of people with Disability reported to receive social/emotional support.


Disability life satisfaction level

Male

Female

With Disability

Very/Satisfied

21.9%

23.8%

Very/Dissatisfied

2.4%

3.1%

Without Disability

Very/Satisfied

73.5%

70.3%

Very/Dissatisfied

2.2%

2.7%

Disability – LifeSatisfaction Level


Disability help needed for personal and routine care

Total

Male

Female

Need help with personal Care

10.46%

4.09%

6.38%

Do not need help with personal care

89.54%

40.87%

48.67%

Need help with routine care

27.74%

9.09%

18.63%

Do not need help with routine care

72.26%

35.78%

36.5%

Disability –Help needed for personal and routine care

  • Disabled people needing help with their personal and routine care


Disability quality of life

1-14 Days

15-30 Days

None

Days Spent with feeling of pain

23.09%

32.58%

44.33%

Days felt stressful

35.17%

27.44%

37.40%

Days felt restless and sleepless

32.46%

33.13%

34.41%

Days felt healthy and energetic

26.21%

41.63%

32.16%

Disability – Quality of Life


Disability women s health
Disability – Women’s Health

  • Women who had a mammogram within last two years


Disability women s health1
Disability – Women’s Health

  • Women who had a Pap smear within last three year


Disability in arkansas
Disability in Arkansas

  • Partners for Inclusive Communities –Disability program has been participating in data collection activities since 1998

  • For 2003 and 2004 Disability modules have been sponsored to obtain the data on disability of Arkansans

  • We will continue to collect the information on Disability status


Questions asked in 2003
Questions asked in 2003

Q: 1 What is the farthest distance that you can walk by yourself, without any special equipment or help from others?

1. Not any distance

2. Across a small room

3. About the length of a typical house

4. About one or two city blocks

5. About one mile

6. More than one mile

7. DON'T KNOW/NOT SURE

9. REFUSED

Q:2 Because of any impairment or health problem, do you need the help of other persons with your personal care needs, such as eating, bathing, dressing, or getting around the house?

1. YES

2. NO

7. DON'T KNOW/NOT SURE

9. REFUSED


Questions asked in 20031
Questions asked in 2003

Q: 3 Because of any impairment or health problem, do you need the help of other persons in handling your routine needs, such as everyday household chores, doing necessary business, shopping, or getting around for other purposes?

1. YES

2. NO

7. DON'T KNOW/NOT SURE

9. REFUSED

Q: 4 In general, how satisfied are you with your life?

1. Very satisfied

2. Satisfied

3. Dissatisfied

4. Very dissatisfied

7. DON'T KNOW/NOT SURE

9. REFUSED


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