Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden. Was Prime Minister from 1911 to 1920. He was elected in 1911 and reelected in 1917. Was a member of the Conservative party and firm supporter of the British Empire.
Was the Minister of Militia and Defence from 1911 to 1916 when he was fired by Prime Minster Robert Borden.
He was very pro British Empire and created a large Canadian military very quickly however he was not well liked by French Canadians because the official language of the military was English and promotions were mostly given to English Canadians.
First Commander of the Canadian Corps.
Planned the attack at Vimy Ridge.
Used new battlefield tactics in World War I.
Letters written by soldiers for friends and family back home had to be proof read by members of the military leadership and were edited or censored to hide the horrible truths and events that were taking place. This was done so that soldiers would continue to volunteer to fight and to keep moral high.
Men were overseas fighting so women had to fill the gap in factories. Before the war women could only work at “unskilled” positions however once the war started women took over the “skilled” jobs.
Over 20, 000 women were employed in factories at “skilled” jobs to make ammunition, guns ,shells and aircraft.
Over 3000 women became army nurses and ambulance drivers.
They were known as “Bluebirds” because they wore blue cloaks.
Served in dangerous positions especially when the Germans started to target field hospitals as the war progressed.
46 Bluebirds lost their lives in the war.
The war was becoming very expensive so the government started selling war bonds to help pay for the war. After the war Canadians could cash in their war bonds with interest. Posters like the example above were used as propaganda tools to help sell the public on the idea.
Canadian troops in Arras in September ,1918.
Was an all Black Construction Battalion which provided
lumber to maintain trenches on the front lines.
Some went on to serve in combat units.