ERTMS IN SPAIN: STATE OF THE ART AT 30/08/2005
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ERTMS IN SPAIN: STATE OF THE ART AT 30/08/2005. BACKGROUND. Until 1992, existing signalling in Spain was the lineside type based on four indications and with a protection system known as ASFA.

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ERTMS IN SPAIN: STATE OF THE ART AT 30/08/2005

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Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

ERTMS IN SPAIN: STATE OF THE ART AT 30/08/2005


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

BACKGROUND

Until 1992, existing signalling in Spain was the lineside type based on four indications and with a protection system known as ASFA.

Communications between trains and the Control Centre were based on the so-called Train-Ground system using AEG and Alcatel technology, being installed on 80% of lines and affecting 95% of traffic.

In 1992, the Madrid –Seville AVE line was opened, with UIC gauge, equipped with LZB (Alcatel) and trackside signalling with ASFA (Dimetronic) as a back-up system at stations, and block sections every 15 km.

ETCS PROTOTYPE

On 30/11/1999, the Ministry of Public Works awarded the «Daimler Chrysler Rail Systems» (SIGNAL) and «Dimetronic», Joint Venture the contract to draft the project and perform installation work and testing on the ERTMS/ETCS European System (Level 1) for its adaptation to the national rail network on the Albacete-Villar de Chinchilla pilot section, 50% being financed by the European Union, the GSM-R and ETCS Level 2 being awarded to Siemens on 18/2/2002.

Equipment integration tests have been carried out on this 38 kilometre pilot section.

For the first time in Europe, ERTMS compatibility with national signalling systems was checked, Asfa in this case.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

CURRENT SITUATION

1. MADRID – LLEIDA LINE

Commercial services commenced on 11/09/03, with conventional lineside signalling in ASFA mode.

The installation of signalling systems corresponded to the CSS Transport company, ERTMS L1 being in a test phase.

To prepare the L1, two test trains were initially outfitted with the necessary equipment, the Talgo S102 being the trains currently used to prepare the system.

The ERTMS Safety Case Assessment report commenced on 21/01/04, the latest version being supplied on 01/09/05.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

OTHER LINES

2. LLEIDA – BARCELONA - FRENCH BORDER LINE

Subgrade work is being carried out on almost all the 374 kilometres of line.

Work is planned to conclude in 2010

Signalling system installation corresponds to the Joint Venture formed by Dimetronic, Alcatel, Siemens and Indra.

3. MADRID – SEGOVIA – VALLADOLID/MEDINA DEL CAMPO LINE

Subgrade work is being carried out on almost all the 198 kilometres of line.

Work is planned to conclude in 2007

Signalling system installation corresponds to the Joint Venture formed by Dimetronic, Alcatel, Siemens and Indra.

6. ZARAGOZA – TARDIENTA – HUESCA LINE

The 79.4 kilometres of line have been finished.

Signalling system installation corresponds to the Alstom company

The track on the Zaragoza-Zuera-Tardienta route has been doubled, one track having the Iberian gauge and the other one with the international gauge, while the rest of the line, from Tardienta a Huesca, has a three rail track.

5. MADRID - LA SAGRA – TOLEDO LINE

The 20.5 kilometres of line have been finished.

Signalling system installation corresponds to the Joint Venture formed by Dimetronic, Alcatel and Siemens.

4. MADRID - CORDOBA – MÁLAGA LINE

Work is being carried out on almost all the 155 kilometres of line.

Signalling system installation corresponds to the Joint Venture formed by Dimetronic and Alcatel.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

MADRID – LLEIDA LINE

1. MAJOR INSTALLATIONS

  • Electrification: First section (20 Km) at 1 x 25 kV, rest of the line 2 x 25 kV.

  • Nine Substations and 37 auto-transformer centres.

  • Thirteen electronic interlockings.

  • Train protection systems: ERTMS and ASFA.

  • Fixed communications: Optic fibre SDH network.

  • Mobile communications: GSM-R

  • Supervision systems: Detecting falling objects, hot boxes, tunnel fires, meteorological systems, trackside impacts, pantograph state …

  • Traffic Control Centre in Zaragoza. Local decentralised operating points.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

2. TRAIN PROTECTION SYSTEMS

  • ASFA:Specific cab signal repetition system. Suitable for running at speeds of up to200 Km/h.

  • ERTMS LEVEL 1

    • Eurobalises (fixed/switchable) for sending precise information (track-train).

    • Encoders (LEUs): These contain predefined telegrams sent by the switchable balises.

    • Interlockings: They select telegrams sent by each of the LEUs depending on track conditions

  • ERTMS LEVEL 2

    • RBCs: Radio Block Centres

    • GSM-R: Continuous bidirectional transmission

    • Fixed Eurobalises: Repositioning references

    • Interlockings: they inform the RBCs about lineside conditions (routes, block systems)


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

SICAM

PCE

PRO

CTC

Fixed communications network

PLO-S

PLO-S

RS232

SILAM/Jur. Rec

SILAM/Jur. Rec

SEI

SEI

Optic fibre

Modem

Ethernet Network

SIDAM

LEU

LEU

LEU

LEU

LEU

LEU

Ethernet/Profibus

Gateway

Ethernet/Profibus Gateway

Ethernet/Profibus Gateway

Profibus Network

Profibus Network

Profibus Network

ERTMS L1 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

Modem

SIDAM

MTOR

MTOR

SIDAM

MTOR

LEU

EUROBALISE


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

ERTMS LINESIDE COMPONENTS

2000 m

500 m

300 m

Advance Group

Infill Group

Signal group

Traffic direction

L2 virtual signal

250 m

Repositioning Eurobalise

Switchable Eurobalise

Fixed Eurobalise


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

ERTMS L1 SYSTEM PARAMETERS

  • 347 LEUs installed at 55 line locations

  • 1946 fixed Eurobalises

  • 1302 switchable Eurobalises

  • Designed to run up to 300 Km/h, with a train interval of 5:30 minutes.

  • Predetermined time restrictions that can be established from interlockings, from the CTC or from the ERTMS Control Centre (PCE).

  • Diagnosis system integrated into the Maintenance Assistance System for Signalling Installations.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

EQUIPMENT INTEGRATION

L1 PRINCIPLES

RULE

VERIFICATION

FIXED EQUIPMENT

ON-BOARD EQUIPMENT

FUNCTIONAL TESTS

INSTALLATION

SIMULATOR

ON THE LINE

EUROCAB

FIXED EQUIPMENT

INSTALLATION

INSTALLATION

PARAMETRIZATION

INPUT DATA

TELEGRAMS

POINTERS

DYNAMIC TESTS

SIMULATOR TESTS

AVAILABILITY

TESTS

LSG-LCAP

AIGLON

LINE OPERATING

TESTS

ERTMS L1 ACTIVITY FLOW


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

ERTMS CONTROL CENTRE (PCE)

  • Located in Zaragoza, it allows the main functions of the ERMTS system to be managed centrally

  • It exchanges information with the RBCs and line interlockings.

  • It gives real time position and speed details for trains running under ERTMS L2 supervision.

  • It makes it possible to centrally establish time limits for ERTMS L1 and L2 systems.

  • The PCE can be used to send and revoke emergency alerts to trains under ERTMS L2 supervision.

  • It handles communications with terminals for protecting persons working on the line.


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

PCE 1 Terminal

PCE 2 Terminal

Printer

Remote access

server

MSC GSM-R

E1

PCE Net

GSM-R

PCE 1 Server

PCE 1 Server

Audit trail server

TPP

TrafficNet and RBCNet

WAN

  • PCE Servers: HP servers under SO HP-UX

  • PCE Terminals: Computers under W2000

  • PCI-R and PLO-R: Computers under W2000

PCE ARCHITECTURE


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

SOFTWARE EQUIPMENT ON BOARD TEST TRAINS (SITUATION AT 15/09/05)

Verification

Tests

Independent

Assessment

report

Track Reliability Tests

Software

Incidents

July 2005

Version A

June-July 11 August

(51,000 Kms)

  • On Sight

  • Emergency Braking

  • DMI Off

  • Odometry

Planned for May

Supplied in July

with negative report

Version B

August 2005

All resolved except:

Odometry

For 23 September

with non regression

commitment

From 11 August

(19,000 Kms)

Anticipated version

for starting

operations

Version C

September2005

All repaired?

November

From 1 October


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

Independent assessment

SAC (Germany)

ACTIVITIES PRIOR TO INTRODUCTION

MAY-JUNE

JULY-AUGUST

SEPTEMBER

Safety

Case

On-board equipment

Risks to be exported to Regulations

Operating Safety Manage-ment

SIEMENS

Driver Training

Critical Path

23 September

Test

Instructions

Safety Case

SIEMENS

Lineside equip-ment

Operating Reliability Tests

ADIF Safety Manage-ment

Risks to be exported to Regulations

Regulation

Independent

assessment

Traffic

Training

CEDEX / TIFSA


Ertms in spain state of the art at 30 08 2005

  • Maintenance Standards

  • New signalling system for traffic and drivers (combined with ASFA)

  • Operational introduction awareness

Driver  CRC  Maintenance

  • Methodology for incident warning

Corrective

response time

AFFECT ON PUNCTUALITY

  • Train Equipment Improvement Proposal for assisting track maintenance.

 Train DMI announcement of specific balise group not transmitting

  • Single track management. Lérida and Zaragoza.

  • New services from 4 September.

  • Operating scenario 1; GL 200 and AVE at 250.

  • Operating scenario 2; GL 250 and AVE at 300.

  • Travel times and adapting commercial network.

Parallel activities until the introduction of ERTMS L1.

  • Continue reliability tests with software C.


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