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Welcome to my class!. 洛阳市四十七中学 王聪. Review Of Tenses. 不同时间发生的动作,动词要用不同形式 。. Grammar. 一般现在时 : Simple Present. 概念 : 表示经常或者反复发生的动作. 结构 : 主语 +am /is/are, 主语 +do/does 否定句:主语 +am/is/are+not 主语 +don ’ t/doesn ’ t 疑问句: Am /Is/Are+ 主语 Do/Does + 主语. 常用时间状语:.

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Welcome to my class

Welcome to my class!

洛阳市四十七中学 王聪


Welcome to my class

Review Of Tenses

不同时间发生的动作,动词要用不同形式。


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Grammar

一般现在时: Simple Present

概念:表示经常或者反复发生的动作

结构:主语+am /is/are, 主语+do/does

否定句:主语+am/is/are+not

主语+don’t/doesn’t

疑问句:Am /Is/Are+主语

Do/Does +主语

常用时间状语:

Often 、sometimes 、always 、usually、

every day/week/month/term/year、

once a week 、twice a year


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用法:

1、表达经常发生的动作或存在的状态。

2、表示客观现实和普遍真理。

3 、表示主语的特征和状况。

例如:

1、我们每天都上学。

2、下课后我们打扫教室。

3、光比声音传播的快。

4、我们在学校吃晚饭。

5、他喜欢英语。

6、他是一个学生。

We go to school every day.

We clean the classroom after class.

Light travels faster than sound.

We have dinner at school.

He likes English.

He is a student.


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Do you know?

动词三单的变化:

1、一般动词后加s,如:reads,plays,works,makes

2、以e结尾的加s, 如:leave,make,ride

3、以s,x,ch,sh,o结尾的,后加es.如:passes,does

watches,teaches,washes,watches,goes

4、以辅音字母+y结尾的,先变y为i,再加es,

如:worries,studies

注意:

在时间或条件状语从句中,主句用一般将来时,从句一般现在时表示将来。

eg. 1.If it rains tomorrow,we don’t go to the park.

2.We shall start when the rain stops.


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Grammar

一般过去时: Simple Past

概念:表示表示过去发生的动作

结构: 主语+did

否定句:主语+didn’t

疑问句:Did+主语

常用时间状语:

yesterday、the day befor yesterday、... ago、just now 、in 1992、 last week/month…

例句:They got married last year.


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动词-ed形式的构成:


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变换句型

1.We speak Chinese.(否定句)

2.There is a map on the wall.(疑问句)

3.Does your sister play the piano?(回答问题)

用动词的适当形式填空

1.My uncle _______ (send) a birthday present to me yesterday.

2.He said he ___________ ( not like) maths at all.

3.Jim _________ (not ride) his bike often.

4.The boy _____________ (watch TV) every evening.

5.He _________ (have) a good time at your party.

We don’t speak Chinese.

There isn’t a map on the wall.

Yes ,she does./ No,she doesn’t.

sent

didn’t

doesn’t

watches TV

had


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Grammar

一般将来时: Simple Future

概念:表示将要发生的动作

结构: 主语+ will do

主语+ shall do (主语为I或we)

主语+ is/am/are going to do

常用时间状语:

tomorrow、in three years 、next month 、soon

例句: I’llgo to the park tomorrow


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一般将来时

1.在以第一人称为主语的问句中,常用 shall 表示提议和询问情况, 在以第二人称作主语的问句中,用will 表示请求.

eg.Where shall we have the meeting?

Will you please lend me your pen?

2. 当主语是第一人称时,用will 表示意愿.决心.允诺.命令等.

eg. I will give you an English--Chinese dictionary for your birthday.

3. 由连词if,untill,unless,before,as soon as,when等引导的时间或条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时代替一般将来时.

eg.Tom will write to me when he gets there.

Jim doesn’t leave home until his mother comes back next week.

We will go to the park unless it rains tomoorrow.


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Grammar

过去将来时: Past Future

概念:表示从过去某时看将要发生的动作

结构: 主语+ would do

主语+ was/were going to do

否定句:主语+ would+not+do

主语+ was/were+not+going to do

疑问句:Would do+主语

Was/Were going to do +主语

常用于主句谓语是一般过去时态的宾语从句中。

例句:Lily said he would come to see me next Sunday.


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将来时的其他表达方法

be to do sth.表示按计划或职责,义务要求必须做的事情或即将发生的动作,后可跟时间状语。如: You‘re to hand in your papers by 10 o’clock.

十点钟以前你得交上试卷。

be about to do sth.表示打算或安排即将发生的动作,它通常不与时间状语连用。如: I was about to go out when someone knocked at thedoor.

我正要出去,这时有人敲门。

be going to do sth.有三层含义: ①表示打算、计划或决定要做某事。如: We‘re going to spend our holidays in Wales this year.

今年我们打算到威尔士度假。 ②用以表示某事物即将发生或很可能发生。如: I’m going to be twenty next month. 下个月我就二十岁了。 ③有迹象表明即将发生的动作或状态。如: Look at those black clouds, there is going to be storm.

瞧那些乌云,暴风雨就要来了。


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Grammar

现在进行时:Present Progressive

She is reading now.

概念:表示目前正在发生的动作

结构: 主语+am/is /are + doing

常用时间状语:

Look! 、 now 、at this moment 、these days 、always


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动词-ing形式的构成:


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the teacher came in


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On Monday ...

What was Li Lei drawing when the teacher came in?

He wasdrawing an elephant.


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Grammar

过去进行时: Past Progressive

概念:表示过去的某个时间正在发生的动作

结构: 主语+was/were + doing

否定句:主语+was/were+not+doing

疑问句:Was/Were+主语+doing

常用时间状语:

this time yesterday 、at ten yesterday 、then 、when/while 引导的时间状语从句

例句:He was doing homework at 8 last night.


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现在进行时:

现在正在进行的动作

(The Present Continuous Tense)

时态

一般现在时:

经常或习惯性的动作或存在的状态。

(The Simple Present Tense)

一般过去时:

过去某个时间或时间段发生的动作或存在的状态。

(The Simple Past Tense)


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1.She works in a factory.

2.I was sleeping at this time yesterday.

3.We are going to have a picnic this Sunday.

4.They held a sports meeting last week.

5.Are you helping your mother ?

判断下列句子的时态

一般现在时

过去进行时

一般将来时

一般过去时

现在进行时


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Exercise

get

got

  • I usually ______ up at 6:00,but yesterday I _____up at 7:00,and tomorrow I __________(get) up at 6:30.

  • Listen! Someone _____________(knock) at the door.

  • I ___________(be) in Beijing for two years.

  • How often ______Andy_______ (surf) the Internet?

  • He fell asleep while he ___________ (read) a book.

  • I ______never ________(hear) of that man before.

  • My brother often ______(go) for walks last summer.

  • Lily said that she ___________(put) on the new dress the next day.

will get

is knocking

have been

doessurf

was reading

haveheard

went

wouldput


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9.______the story _________(happen) in London in 1940?

10.What _______he __________(do) when his mother opened the door?

11. If it __________________(not rain) tomorrow, they ________________(go) fishing.

12. ________Kate’s sisters ___________(play) the piano every Sunday?

13. They ____________(not call) you the day after tomorrow.

14. Tom ____________(work) there since two years ago.

15. By the time I ________ (walk) into class, the teacher ____________(start) teaching.

Did happen

wasdoing

doesn’train

willgo

Doplay

won’tcall

hasworked

walked

hadstarted


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中考链接

1.(08河南)——What did the teacher say just now?

——Sorry,I didn’t catch it. I ___ something else.

A. think B. will think C. was thinking D. had thought

2.(06河南)——You’ve left the light on.

—— Oh,sorry. ___ and turn it off.

A. I’ve gone B. I’ll go C. I went D. I’m going

3.(04四川)—— When ___ you ___ your old friend?

—— The day before yesterday.

A.will; visit B. did; visit C. have; visited D. do; visit

4.(06河北)——Did you see the traffic accident yesterday?

—— Yes. It happened when I ___ past the museum.

A.Walk B. am walking C. will walk D. was walking

5.(06云南)The summer vacation will begin next week. David ___

to stay with us.

A.will be coming B. comes C. came D. Is coming

C

B

B

D

D


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中考链接

A

6.(07北京) Don’t ___ too much TV . It’s bad for your eyes.

A. Watch B. watched C. watching D. to watch

7. (07重庆) —— The TV show Home With Kids is so wonderful. You shouldn’t miss it.

—— If I have time, I ___ it.

A. see B. saw C. will see D. have seen

8. (08成都) The tour guide ___autumn is the best season to visit Jiuzhaigou.

A. talked B. told C. said

9.(08河北) Nick ___ a new camera. He has taken lots of pictures with it.

A. buys B. is buying C. bought D. will buy

10.(08河北) —— Please give this note to John.

—— OK, I’ll give it to him as soon as he ___ .

A. Is coming back B. will come back C. comes back

C

C

C

C


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Homework:

Write an article about yourself, tell us your past、your present and your future.(你的过去、现在和将来)


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