Clay animation
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clay Animation. a.k.a. claymation. As we have seen, animation has been used in early days of film In some cases clay has been used because of its malleability which makes transformation and metamorphosis easier to achieve Examples

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clay Animation

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Clay animation

clay Animation

a.k.a. claymation


Clay animation

  • As we have seen, animation has been used in early days of film

  • In some cases clay has been used because of its malleability which makes transformation and metamorphosis easier to achieve

    Examples

    • Fun in a Bakery 1902 by Edwin S. Porter. The Dough was actually clay.

    • Gumby Show 1957 created by Art Clokey


Clay animation

  • Clay has been replaced by Plasticine as synthetic compound that is non- drying

  • Plasticine is made up of:

    • Calcium Salts

    • Petroleum Jelly

    • Aliphatic Acids


Clay figure construction

Clay Figure Construction

  • Armature used to hold clay together ( wire, ball and socket skeletons)

  • Feet large to help keep figure grounded and standing upright

  • Take up inner space with tin foil or resin

  • Make some features larger ( eyes and hands) to help with manipulating them easier

  • Keep lights cool to not soften the clay


Screenings

Screenings

  • How to stuff a wild bikini (opening for a film), Art Clokey, 1965

  • - Basic claymation used for a beach party movie opening in 1965

  • - One of the original TV animators (known for Gumby, Pokey, Davey and Goliath)


Screenings cont

Screenings cont.

Will Vinton

  • - Will Vinton coined the term “Claymation”

  • Setup Will Vinton studios http://willvinton.net/index.html

  • Closed Mondays, Will Vinton & Bob Gardiner, 1974

  • - More elaborate flexible armature under clay sculptures

  • - Gave greater control of the figure and flexibility of facial animation

  • - Oscar winner

  • - Skull under the clay used for close-up shots

  • The Great Cognito, Will Vinton, 1982

  • - - Known for “singing raisins” for California Raisin Council

  • - PJs (1999) TV show and “Gary & Mike” (2001)

  • The Adventures of Mark Twain, Will Vinton, 1985

    • The first full feature length claymation film


Screenings cont1

Screenings cont.

Aardman Studios, http://www.aardman.com/

Bristol, England

Started by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972

Nick Park Joined the Company in 1985

1986 collaborated with Peter Gabriel and Stephen Johnson on Sledgehammer video

  • Utilized a variety of animation techniques

  • Won a variety of awards

    Creature Comfort, Nick Parks, 1990

  • - Plasticine animation lip-synched to unscripted dialog, Oscar winner

    Wallace & Gromit, Curse of Were Rabbit (2005) (Features – Day in Life of Aardmann)

  • Won Oscar for best Animated feature

  • - Behind the scenes look at claymation, stop-motion production studio

    Wallace & Gromit, Curse of Were Rabbit (Features – How to make a bunny)

  • Very good demonstration of clay figure creation - plasticine with simple structural support

    Chicken Run, Nick Parks and Peter Lord, 2000

  • All clay blockbuster


  • Screenings cont2

    Screenings cont.

    Adam Elliot

    • http://www.adamelliot.com.au/Menu.html

    • Independent Animator from Australia

    • Creates “Mock-Documations” about people he has known “outcasts”

    • Makes films the “old fashioned way”: Believes that “Audiences like to see fingerprints on the clay- It proves that what they are seeing is tangible”

    • Brother (1999)

    • HarvieKrumpet, 2003, 23 min film

      • Won Oscar against Pixar, Disney, 20th Century Fox


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