Irregular verbs
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

Irregular Verbs PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 122 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Irregular Verbs. Page 3 – Para Empezar Realidades 3. Verbos Irregulares. Remember that some verbs in Spanish are irregular in the first person singular of the present tense. Look at the following examples…. Conocer Dar Hacer Poner Saber Salir Traer Ver Caer Give the “yo” form….

Download Presentation

Irregular Verbs

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Irregular verbs

Irregular Verbs

Page 3 – Para EmpezarRealidades 3


Verbos irregulares

Verbos Irregulares

  • Remember that some verbs in Spanish are irregular in the first person singular of the present tense.

  • Look at the following examples…


Verbos irregulares1

Conocer

Dar

Hacer

Poner

Saber

Salir

Traer

Ver

Caer

Give the “yo” form…

Conozco

Doy

Hago

Pongo

Salgo

Traigo

Veo

Caigo

Verbos Irregulares


Verbos irregulares2

Verbos Irregulares

  • Also, there are some verbs in Spanish that are irregular in all the persons of the present tense:


Irregular verbs

soy

eres

es

somos

sois

son

SER


Irregular verbs

voy

vas

va

vamos

vais

van

IR


Decir

digo

dices

dice

decimos

decís

dicen

DECIR


Estar

estoy

estás

está

estamos

estáis

están

ESTAR


Irregular verbs

oigo

oyes

oye

oímos

oís

oyen

OÍR


Tener

tengo

tienes

tiene

tenemos

tenéis

tienen

TENER


Conjugate stem changers in the present tense

Conjugate stem changers in the present tense

Grammar essential #37


Stem changing infinitives

Stem changing infinitives

Stem changing infinitives are named for what they do– change in the stem.

You are going to make some alteration of the stem before adding the verb endings.

You will use the endings you already know.

The hardest part of stem changers is knowing which ones change and which ones don’t.


Stem changers

Stem changers

There are 4 different ways a stem changing infinitive can change (4 categories).

The first is uue.

It is the smallest category with only one infinitive jugar = to play (sports)


Jugar to play sports

Jugar = to play (sports)

Separate the stem and the infintive ending.

Jug- is the stem

Make the stem change uue

The new stem is jueg-

Put it in the conjugation box EXCEPT nosotros and vosotros.

Nosotros and Vosotros do not make the stem change.


Jugar to play sports1

Jugar = to play sports

Now just add the regular –ar endings.


Irregular verbs

Jugar = to play sports


Stem changers1

Stem changers

The second category is one of the largest.

It is oue.

Encontrar = to find is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.

Other examples include: acostar (to lie down), almorzar (to eat lunch), contar(to count), costar (to cost), devolver (to return something), dormir (to sleep), poder (can/to be able to), volver (to return)


Encontrar to find

Encontrar = to find

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

Encontr- is the stem.

Make the stem change oue

New stem encuentr-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


Encontrar to find1

Encontrar = to find


Irregular verbs

Stem changers

The third category is again large.

It is eie.

preferir = to prefer is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.

*When there is more than one vowel that could possible make the change, choose the vowel closest to the verb ending.


Irregular verbs

Other e ie verbs

Cerrar (to close), Comenzar (to begin), Despertar (to wake up),

Divertir (to entertain/ amuse),

Empezar (to begin), Entender (to understand), Pensar (to think), Perder (to lose),

Querer (to want),

Recomendar (to recommend)


Irregular verbs

Preferir = to prefer

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

prefer- is the stem.

Make the stem change eie

New stem prefier-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


Irregular verbs

preferir = to prefer


Irregular verbs

Stem changers

The last category is a smaller one.

It is ei.

servir = to serve is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.


Irregular verbs

servir = to serve

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

serv- is the stem.

Make the stem change ei

New stem sirv-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


Irregular verbs

servir = to serve


Irregular verbs

ei

There are some rules that can help you distinguish between e i and e ie.

In order to be e i, the infinitive must end in –ir. Now, that could be other categories as well, but –ar and –er cannot be e i .

MR C VeSPeRS is also a way to help if you are needing a pneumonic device.


Irregular verbs

MR. C VeSPeRS

M- medir (to measure)

R – reír (to laugh)

C – conseguir (To get/ to obtain)

V – vestir(se) (to dress)

S- servir (to serve)

P – pedir (to ask for)

R- repetir ( to repeat)

S- seguir (to follow/ to continue)


E i verbs

E I Verbs

MR. C VeSPeRS does not include all the stem changers in this category. Another infinitive is Sonreír (to smile)


Stem changers2

Stem Changers

I cannot give you a rule as to which verbs stem change and which ones don’t. These are just something that you have to learn as you continue to use Spanish.

  • Don’t forget-you have already learned all of the u ue stem-changers.


  • Login