Irregular verbs
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Irregular Verbs. Page 3 – Para Empezar Realidades 3. Verbos Irregulares. Remember that some verbs in Spanish are irregular in the first person singular of the present tense. Look at the following examples…. Conocer Dar Hacer Poner Saber Salir Traer Ver Caer Give the “yo” form….

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Irregular Verbs

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Irregular Verbs

Page 3 – Para EmpezarRealidades 3


Verbos Irregulares

  • Remember that some verbs in Spanish are irregular in the first person singular of the present tense.

  • Look at the following examples…


Conocer

Dar

Hacer

Poner

Saber

Salir

Traer

Ver

Caer

Give the “yo” form…

Conozco

Doy

Hago

Pongo

Salgo

Traigo

Veo

Caigo

Verbos Irregulares


Verbos Irregulares

  • Also, there are some verbs in Spanish that are irregular in all the persons of the present tense:


soy

eres

es

somos

sois

son

SER


voy

vas

va

vamos

vais

van

IR


digo

dices

dice

decimos

decís

dicen

DECIR


estoy

estás

está

estamos

estáis

están

ESTAR


oigo

oyes

oye

oímos

oís

oyen

OÍR


tengo

tienes

tiene

tenemos

tenéis

tienen

TENER


Conjugate stem changers in the present tense

Grammar essential #37


Stem changing infinitives

Stem changing infinitives are named for what they do– change in the stem.

You are going to make some alteration of the stem before adding the verb endings.

You will use the endings you already know.

The hardest part of stem changers is knowing which ones change and which ones don’t.


Stem changers

There are 4 different ways a stem changing infinitive can change (4 categories).

The first is uue.

It is the smallest category with only one infinitive jugar = to play (sports)


Jugar = to play (sports)

Separate the stem and the infintive ending.

Jug- is the stem

Make the stem change uue

The new stem is jueg-

Put it in the conjugation box EXCEPT nosotros and vosotros.

Nosotros and Vosotros do not make the stem change.


Jugar = to play sports

Now just add the regular –ar endings.


Jugar = to play sports


Stem changers

The second category is one of the largest.

It is oue.

Encontrar = to find is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.

Other examples include: acostar (to lie down), almorzar (to eat lunch), contar(to count), costar (to cost), devolver (to return something), dormir (to sleep), poder (can/to be able to), volver (to return)


Encontrar = to find

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

Encontr- is the stem.

Make the stem change oue

New stem encuentr-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


Encontrar = to find


Stem changers

The third category is again large.

It is eie.

preferir = to prefer is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.

*When there is more than one vowel that could possible make the change, choose the vowel closest to the verb ending.


Other e ie verbs

Cerrar (to close), Comenzar (to begin), Despertar (to wake up),

Divertir (to entertain/ amuse),

Empezar (to begin), Entender (to understand), Pensar (to think), Perder (to lose),

Querer (to want),

Recomendar (to recommend)


Preferir = to prefer

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

prefer- is the stem.

Make the stem change eie

New stem prefier-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


preferir = to prefer


Stem changers

The last category is a smaller one.

It is ei.

servir = to serve is a stem changer.

It is the same steps as jugar.


servir = to serve

First separate the stem from the infinitive ending.

serv- is the stem.

Make the stem change ei

New stem sirv-

Put into box– remember it will look like a boot… they are called boot verbs as well.


servir = to serve


ei

There are some rules that can help you distinguish between e i and e ie.

In order to be e i, the infinitive must end in –ir. Now, that could be other categories as well, but –ar and –er cannot be e i .

MR C VeSPeRS is also a way to help if you are needing a pneumonic device.


MR. C VeSPeRS

M- medir (to measure)

R – reír (to laugh)

C – conseguir (To get/ to obtain)

V – vestir(se) (to dress)

S- servir (to serve)

P – pedir (to ask for)

R- repetir ( to repeat)

S- seguir (to follow/ to continue)


E I Verbs

MR. C VeSPeRS does not include all the stem changers in this category. Another infinitive is Sonreír (to smile)


Stem Changers

I cannot give you a rule as to which verbs stem change and which ones don’t. These are just something that you have to learn as you continue to use Spanish.

  • Don’t forget-you have already learned all of the u ue stem-changers.


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