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Oregon Department of Forestry. History Fire Policy Organizational Structures and Funding Final Thoughts. Historical Perspective. 1902 - Western Oregon fires - >700,000 acres 1904 - Company fire patrols formed 1911-12 - Oregon Fire Laws: Board of Forestry & first State Forester

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Oregon department of forestry

Oregon Department of Forestry

History

Fire Policy

Organizational Structures and Funding

Final Thoughts


Historical perspective
Historical Perspective

  • 1902 - Western Oregon fires - >700,000 acres

  • 1904 - Company fire patrols formed

  • 1911-12 - Oregon Fire Laws: Board of Forestry & first State Forester

    • Francis Elliott $60K budget

  • 1913 - Compulsory Fire Patrol laws

    • Mandated forest a protection system and the suppression of all fires

    • Outlined Landowners’ responsibility

      • Provide or pay for protection


Ors 477 005 forest protection policy
ORS 477.005Forest Protection Policy

  • (1) “The preservation of forests & the conservation of the forest resources through the prevention and the suppression of forest fires hereby are declared to be the public policy of the State of Oregon.”

  • (2) (a) “The need for a Complete and Coordinated Forest Protection System is acknowledged and the primary mission of the State Forestry Department”

    • Primary Missions/Priorities:

      • Protection of life

      • Protecting forest resources

      • Structural protection shall not inhibit forest resource protection


Ors 477 064 uncontrolled fire declared nuisance
ORS 477.064- Uncontrolled Fire declared nuisance

  • “Any fire on any forestland in Oregon burning uncontrolled or without proper action being taken to prevent its spread, not withstanding its origin, is declared a public nuisance by reason of its menace to life, forest resources or property.”


Ors 477 066 duty of owner and operator to abate fire
ORS 477.066- Duty of owner and operator to abate fire

  • “Each owner and operator of forestland on which a fire exists or from which it may have spread, notwithstanding the origin or subsequent spread thereof, shall immediately proceed to control and extinguish such fire when its existence comes to the knowledge of the owner or operator.”

  • The state of Oregon policies are clear: Fires shall be extinguished to limit risks to the public and natural resources. (ORS 477.005-.064) State Law.


Organizational structure
Organizational Structure and operator to abate fire

  • 3 Main Operating Divisions(Fire, State Forest, and Private Forest)

  • 12 Forest Protection Districts

    • 3 “Operating” Associations

      • DFPA, CFPA, Walker Range

  • “Complete & Coordinated System”

    • Member of PNWCG

    • BLM westside contract: 2.3 million acres

    • A coordination center linked to field dispatch centers (ODF, interagency centers, and NWCC)

    • 3 IMTs all have been through CIMC

    • 3 Fire Cache Support Systems


What is the landscape
What is the landscape? and operator to abate fire

  • Approximately 32 million of acres of forestland

  • ODF protects approximately half (16 million)

    • Unique compared to other states in the west.

  • Protection is largely intertwined with hundreds of thousands of miles of boundaries.

  • Coordination and consideration of other agencies is critical.


How is the system financed
How is the System Financed? and operator to abate fire

  • Based roughly on a partnership between the state and forest landowners (50:50)

    • Clear expectation to limit costs to the state and forestland owners

    • annually approx. $40 million

  • Large fire funding is shared between State General Fund and Landowners (OFLPF)

  • The State of Oregon is unique in that it carries a $25 million private insurance policy

    • Annual coverage for large fires is $50 million above the base level of protection

  • State General Fund also has severity funding via ORS 477.777- This funds contracted helicopters and ATs


  • Take home messages
    Take-home messages and operator to abate fire

    • Due to funding structures, missions, state laws, and ODF’s relationships with our landowners…

      • ODF will continue to be engaged with fires on our protection and also fires and management decisions of other landowners

      • ODF is the private fire department and voice for forest landowners -

        We are their only protection insurance policy

      • Think in terms of your own home and the role of local city or rural fire department

      • ODF strives to limit damage or loss of resources on lands we protect


    Take home messages1
    Take-home messages and operator to abate fire

    • ODF operators a complete and coordinate protection system funded from limited sources

      • ODF’s answer : Adequately fund the system to suppress fires at the smallest possible size and limit risk to resources and our firefighters.

    • Fully understand the need to treat fuels, reduce risks and restore ecosystems.

      • Likely differences occur in timing and methods

    • We firmly believe in a good neighbor policy.

      • Up-front, clear communication

      • Management decisions should not impact neighbors

      • Good relationships are critical


    The future and considerations
    The Future and Considerations and operator to abate fire

    • The key to everyone’s success: Maintain tools and funding to manage forests and restore ecosystems.

      • Risks-

        • Unclear objectives that are not well understood by the public and policymakers

        • Public and firefighter safety concerns

        • Transferring of risks to other agencies and entities

        • Transferring costs to others

        • Decisions that put entities in places where support cannot be given - a united voice is always better

        • Smoke impacts

        • “Social License”


    Keys and operator to abate fire

    • Public understanding and clarity around mission, goals and objectives (sound bites)

    • Internal and External understanding and relationships

    • Communication

    • Coordination of Decision Making

    • Ultimately- the “Social License” to manage and protect public and private resources


    Input and thoughts
    Input and thoughts and operator to abate fire

    • How do we resolve or work within federal objectives and policies and state mandates and laws?

    • How do actions of each agency impact objectives and laws?

    • How do agencies limit transferring risk and costs due to management decisions all while meeting objectives?

    • What does being a “good neighbor” mean to folks in the room?

    • How do we collectively as decision makers maintain and enhance the “social license” management concept?


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