The civil war in the east 1864 1865
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The Civil War in the East 1864-1865. The war becomes one of attrition as General Grant comes East to pound Lee’s army into submission. Grant takes command. General Grant creates a master plan for the Union to destroy the Confederacy. All Union forces will work together for victory.

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The Civil War in the East 1864-1865

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The civil war in the east 1864 1865

The Civil War in the East 1864-1865

The war becomes one of attrition as General Grant comes East to pound Lee’s army into submission


Grant takes command

Grant takes command

  • General Grant creates a master plan for the Union to destroy the Confederacy. All Union forces will work together for victory.

  • Union industrial strength and population advantages will be maximized.

  • The Union will break the back of the Confederacy by destroying the home front.


The overland campaign

The Overland Campaign

  • Grant moves into the Wilderness

  • Terrible and bloody fighting

  • The Union forces are stopped

  • Grant does not retreat but rather moves south to get around Lee’s army


Spotsylvania court house

Spotsylvania Court House

  • Twelve days of butchery

  • General Sedgwick is killed by sharpshooter

  • The Bloody Angle fighting lasts 18 hours

  • Grant moves south


Cold harbor june 1864

Cold Harbor, June 1864

  • Bloody disaster for the North

  • “Not war but murder.”


The siege of petersburg

The Siege of Petersburg

  • The Federals almost took the town in June 1864, but since they did not take the town, both sides were condemned to a long siege.

  • Federals try to blow up the Confederate lines at “The Crater”- a terrible failure.

  • Petersburg controlled the railroad line into Richmond. If Petersburg fell, then Richmond fell.


Life in the trenches

Life in the trenches

  • The trenches were hot, dusty, muddy, cold and miserable.

  • If men raised their head above the trench line they were killed by snipers.

  • As the months rolled on, the Confederates starved and froze.

  • The Union kept trying to cut off the rail lines, so eventually the trenches stretched over 25 miles.


The shenandoah valley campaign of 1864

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864

  • Jubal Early, C.S.A., tries to clear the Shenandoah Valley of Federals.

  • The Confederates actually get to the outskirts of Washington, D.C.

  • Phil Sheridan, U.S., routs the Southerners on October, 1864.

  • The loss of the Valley is a fatal blow to the Confederacy.


Sheridan burns the valley

Sheridan burns the Valley

  • Scorched earth policy

  • Little organized Confederate resistance

  • Guerilla warfare and bushwhacking


The fall of petersburg and richmond

The Fall of Petersburg and Richmond

  • The Confederate army starves in the trenches of Petersburg over the winter

  • Lee tries to break out but the Union forces are too strong

  • Grant counter attacks and breaks the Southern defenses

  • Lee evacuates Petersburg and Richmond

  • Richmond burns

  • Confederates try to escape


Appomattox court house

Appomattox Court House

  • April 9, 1865 Grant and Sheridan cut off the Confederates

  • Southerners attack but fail to break Union lines

  • Lee knows that it is hopeless and he asks for terms

  • Lee and Grant meet at the home of Wilbur McLean in Appomattox Village

  • Confederates will be paroled

  • Lee surrenders


Lincoln is assassinated

Lincoln is Assassinated

  • April 14, 1865

  • Ford’s Theatre

  • “Our American Cousin”

  • John Wilkes Booth

  • Conspiracy

  • Lincoln’s dreams

  • “Now he belongs to the ages”

  • ….


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