Protecting biodiversity in the high seas the global ocean biodiversity initiative gobi
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Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3. Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN.

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Protecting Biodiversity in the High Seas The Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI)

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Protecting biodiversity in the high seas the global ocean biodiversity initiative gobi

Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN

ProtectingBiodiversity in the High SeasThe Global OceanBiodiversity Initiative (GOBI)

Patricio A. Bernal

GOBI Coordinator, IUCN

Name, location and date of meeting

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Imène Meliane, IUCN Photo Library

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Robert L. Pitman (NOAA)

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]


Open oceans deep seas and high seas

OPEN OCEANS, DEEP SEAS AND HIGH SEAS

  • Facts:

    • 95 % of the global biosphere

    • Major part of world’sbiodiversity

    • Regulatingrole in Earth’sclimate

    • 64% = high seas

    • The ”Area”: seabed beyond legal continental shelves

  • Pressures:

    • Intensifyinghuman uses

    • Climate change

    • Ocean acidification

Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, NOAA

Credit: Flanders Marine Institute


World summit on sustainable development johannesburg 2002

WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT JOHANNESBURG, 2002

  • Reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010

  • Encourage the application of ecosystem approaches to marine management by 2010

  • Establish representative marine protected area networks by 2012

  • Restore depleted fish stocks to maximum sustainable yields, where possible by 2015

  • Eliminate destructive fishing practices


Convention on biological diversity

CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

  • CBD COP 8, 2006

    • Encourage the establishment of MPAsbeyond national jurisdiction

    • Devise new mechanisms/instruments to achieve effective and enforceableMPAs and networks

    • CBD COP 9, 2008

    • Adoption of CBD criteria for identifying ecologically or biologically significant areas in need of protection

    • Adoption of scientific guidance for designingrepresentative networks of MPAs


Needs

NEEDS

  • Worktowards the identificationof significant areas and design of representative networks

  • Enhancedcooperation and coordinationwithsectoral organisations

  • Agreedglobal targets and objectives to promoteregional and sectoralcooperation

  • Adoptionof protective measures


Open oceans and deep seas

OPEN OCEANS AND DEEP SEAS

  • Opportunities for progress

  • New science at hand

  • Increasedawareness

  • Increasedpoliticalwill

  • Increasedinterest in regionalcooperation


Global ocean biodiversity initiative

GLOBAL OCEAN BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVE

Credit: Brooke et. al., NOAA OE 2005, Marine Photobank


Initiative background

INITIATIVE BACKGROUND

  • Supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

  • Funded by the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) during the German Presidency of the CBD

  • Help identify ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSA) in need of protection beyond national jurisdiciton


Initiative structure

INITIATIVE STRUCTURE

Science Board

AdvisoryBoard

AquaMaps

BirdLife International

Census of Marine Life

CenSeam

CSIRO

Duke University, MGEL

IOC/UNESCO

MCBI

OBIS

TOPP

UNEP-WCMC

UNU-IAS

SCBD

FAO

GEF

IMO

IOC

ISA

UNEP

UNDP

Coordination

IUCN

  • EBSA ANALYSES and MAPS

  • To bepresentedat:

  • CBD SBSTTA 14 (2010)

  • CBD COP 10 (2010)

  • CBD COP 11 (2012)

Data,

Research,

EBSA

Analyses &

Meta-analyses


Initiative partners

INITIATIVE PARTNERS


Initiative objectives

INITIATIVE OBJECTIVES

  • To establish and support international scientific collaboration to assist States and relevant regional and global organisations to identify ecologically significant areas using the best available scientific data, tools, and methods

  • To provide guidance on how the CBD’s scientific criteria can be interpreted and applied towards management, including representative networks of marine protected areas

  • To assist in developing regional analyses with relevant organisations and stakeholders


Preliminary results illustrations of the 7 cbd ebsa criteria

PRELIMINARY RESULTS: ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 7 CBD EBSA CRITERIA

  • Uniqueness or rarity

  • Special importance for life history of species

  • Importance for threatened, endangered or declining species and/or habitats

  • Vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity, slow recovery

  • Biological productivity

  • Biological diversity

  • Naturalness


Next steps

NEXT STEPS

  • Involve a larger number of experts and science teams

  • Involve stakeholders and State Parties

  • Cooperate to develop regional workshops and analyses

  • Improve the capacity to evaluate and identify EBSAs

  • Develop an initial list of EBSA’s

  • Develop methodologies for using multiple criteria methods


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