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Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3. Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: John Weller, [email protected] Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN.

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Protecting biodiversity in the high seas the global ocean biodiversity initiative gobi

Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN

ProtectingBiodiversity in the High SeasThe Global OceanBiodiversity Initiative (GOBI)

Patricio A. Bernal

GOBI Coordinator, IUCN

Name, location and date of meeting

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Imène Meliane, IUCN Photo Library

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]

Credit: Robert L. Pitman (NOAA)

Credit: John Weller, [email protected]


Open oceans deep seas and high seas
OPEN OCEANS, DEEP SEAS AND HIGH SEAS Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • Facts:

    • 95 % of the global biosphere

    • Major part of world’sbiodiversity

    • Regulatingrole in Earth’sclimate

    • 64% = high seas

    • The ”Area”: seabed beyond legal continental shelves

  • Pressures:

    • Intensifyinghuman uses

    • Climate change

    • Ocean acidification

Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, NOAA

Credit: Flanders Marine Institute


World summit on sustainable development johannesburg 2002
WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3JOHANNESBURG, 2002

  • Reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010

  • Encourage the application of ecosystem approaches to marine management by 2010

  • Establish representative marine protected area networks by 2012

  • Restore depleted fish stocks to maximum sustainable yields, where possible by 2015

  • Eliminate destructive fishing practices


Convention on biological diversity
CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • CBD COP 8, 2006

    • Encourage the establishment of MPAsbeyond national jurisdiction

    • Devise new mechanisms/instruments to achieve effective and enforceableMPAs and networks

    • CBD COP 9, 2008

    • Adoption of CBD criteria for identifying ecologically or biologically significant areas in need of protection

    • Adoption of scientific guidance for designingrepresentative networks of MPAs


Needs
NEEDS Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • Worktowards the identificationof significant areas and design of representative networks

  • Enhancedcooperation and coordinationwithsectoral organisations

  • Agreedglobal targets and objectives to promoteregional and sectoralcooperation

  • Adoptionof protective measures


Open oceans and deep seas
OPEN OCEANS AND DEEP SEAS Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • Opportunities for progress

  • New science at hand

  • Increasedawareness

  • Increasedpoliticalwill

  • Increasedinterest in regionalcooperation


Global ocean biodiversity initiative
GLOBAL OCEAN BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVE Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

Credit: Brooke et. al., NOAA OE 2005, Marine Photobank


Initiative background
INITIATIVE BACKGROUND Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • Supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

  • Funded by the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) during the German Presidency of the CBD

  • Help identify ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSA) in need of protection beyond national jurisdiciton


Initiative structure
INITIATIVE STRUCTURE Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

Science Board

AdvisoryBoard

AquaMaps

BirdLife International

Census of Marine Life

CenSeam

CSIRO

Duke University, MGEL

IOC/UNESCO

MCBI

OBIS

TOPP

UNEP-WCMC

UNU-IAS

SCBD

FAO

GEF

IMO

IOC

ISA

UNEP

UNDP

Coordination

IUCN

  • EBSA ANALYSES and MAPS

  • To bepresentedat:

  • CBD SBSTTA 14 (2010)

  • CBD COP 10 (2010)

  • CBD COP 11 (2012)

Data,

Research,

EBSA

Analyses &

Meta-analyses


Initiative partners
INITIATIVE PARTNERS Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3


Initiative objectives
INITIATIVE OBJECTIVES Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • To establish and support international scientific collaboration to assist States and relevant regional and global organisations to identify ecologically significant areas using the best available scientific data, tools, and methods

  • To provide guidance on how the CBD’s scientific criteria can be interpreted and applied towards management, including representative networks of marine protected areas

  • To assist in developing regional analyses with relevant organisations and stakeholders


Preliminary results illustrations of the 7 cbd ebsa criteria
PRELIMINARY RESULTS: Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 7 CBD EBSA CRITERIA

  • Uniqueness or rarity

  • Special importance for life history of species

  • Importance for threatened, endangered or declining species and/or habitats

  • Vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity, slow recovery

  • Biological productivity

  • Biological diversity

  • Naturalness


Next steps
NEXT STEPS Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3

  • Involve a larger number of experts and science teams

  • Involve stakeholders and State Parties

  • Cooperate to develop regional workshops and analyses

  • Improve the capacity to evaluate and identify EBSAs

  • Develop an initial list of EBSA’s

  • Develop methodologies for using multiple criteria methods


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