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OVERVIEW OF AMENDMENTS. FOCUS ON BILL OF RIGHTS + OTHER KEY AMENDMENTS. Civil Liberties Protection against the government Guarantees of protection of opinions, property from gov’t. Civil Rights Positive acts by gov’t to guarantee Constitutional rights are given to all

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overview of amendments

OVERVIEW OF AMENDMENTS

FOCUS ON BILL OF RIGHTS

+

OTHER KEY AMENDMENTS

difference between civil liberties civil rights
Civil Liberties

Protection against the government

Guarantees of protection of opinions, property from gov’t

Civil Rights

Positive acts by gov’t to guarantee Constitutional rights are given to all

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Difference between Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
are rights guaranteed to all people
Are rights guaranteed to all people?
  • All Citizens
  • Not foreign born
  • Not in jail or out on bail
  • Not for those in an institution
  • Wartime limits--
federalism individual rights
Federalism & Individual rights
  • Some rights guaranteed by Federal gov’t; others by state
  • Gov’t is limited by the Bill of Rights
  • Some laws restrict actions at state level only—gun laws
  • Due Process—any right essential to liberty
  • Rights are relative not absolute!
1 st amendment
1ST AMENDMENT
  • “One man’s vulgarity is another man’s lyric” ~Justice John Harlan
  • Freedom of Speech, Press, religion, assembly, petition gov’t
2 nd amendment
2nd Amendment
  • The right to bear arms (guns)
  • Limits on the private possession & use of firearms
3 rd amendment
3rd Amendment
  • No quartering of troops in private homes without consent of owner
    • Revolutionary War time common practice
      • Bring soldiers into troops against privacy of home
4 th amendment
4th Amendment
  • Be secure in your persons, papers, houses against unreasonable search and seizure
  • Need a court ordered warrant to search
5 th amendment
5th Amendment
  • No double jeopardy
  • Can’t be tried for a crime without being accused of it
  • Can’t self-incriminate
  • Can’t take property without paying the owner for it
6 th amendment
6th Amendment
  • Right to speedy and public trial
  • Defendant informed of charges
  • Right to cross examine witnesses
  • Right to an attorney
7 th amendment
7th Amendment
  • Deals with Civil cases in Federal court only
  • Right to trial by jury
8 th amendment
8th Amendment
  • Excessive bail is not allowed
  • No cruel or unusual punishment
9 th amendment
9th Amendment
  • Constitution specifically lists many civil rights, but not all.
  • There are other rights not listed
10 th amendment
10th Amendment
  • Powers not given to the Federal gov’t are reserved for the State gov’t
14 th amendment
14th Amendment
  • Rights found in 1st 8 amendments are extended to the states.
  • Due Process—state and local gov’t can’t act unfairly
  • Equal Protection-states can’t discriminate against people
right to privacy
Right to Privacy
  • Not specifically mentioned in Constitution
  • “the right to privacy is a person’s right to be left alone by the government . . The right most valued by civilized men”~Justice Louis Brandeis
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