Body image
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Body Image. Armine Markosyan San Jose State University LIBR 264-10 Summer 2012. What is body image?. According to Merriam Webster’s Online Dictionary: a subjective picture of one's own physical appearance established both by self-observation and by noting the reactions of others .

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Body image

Body Image

ArmineMarkosyan

San Jose State University

LIBR 264-10

Summer 2012


What is body image

What is body image?

  • According to Merriam Webster’s Online Dictionary:

  • a subjective picture of one's own physical appearance established both by self-observation and by noting the reactions of others


Body image definition cont

Body Image Definition Cont.

  • weight, size and shape

  • skin tone

  • height

  • religious diversity, especially if it is joined with particular appearance or clothing

  • disabilities

  • hair - style or color


Body image statistics

Body image statistics

  • Girls are more likely to develop negative body image than boys.

  • Average dieting age in 1970 was 14, in 1990 it dropped to 8

  • As young as 6 years old express concerns about their weight

  • 45% of boys and girls in grades 3-6 are concerned about their weight

  • 42% of girls in 1-3 grades want to be thinner

  • Girls are more afraid of gaining weight, than getting cancer, nuclear war or losing their parents.

  • 81% of 10-year-old girls are afraid of gaining weight

  • 46% of 9-11 year olds are sometimes or very often on diets


Influencing factors

Influencing factors

  • Peer pressure

  • verbal comments

  • communication of beauty norms

  • explicit verbal comparisons

  • Media

  • depict ultra-thin, digitally altered models and celebrities

  • Family

  • negative comments about

    themselves and/or children

  • reinforce unhealthy habits


Negative body image effects

negative body image effects

  • Low self esteem

  • Eating disorders

  • Unhealthy weight control behaviors

  • Anxiety & Depression

  • Social isolation

  • Alcohol & Drugs

  • Suicide


Warning signs

Warning Signs

Looking at themselves in the mirror very often

Avoiding mirrors altogether

Keep weighing themselves excessively

Denying hunger

Criticizing their appearances

Refusing to participate in physical activities

Wearing oversized and baggy clothes


Promoting positive body image

Promoting positive body image

  • Parents/educators can help to boost self-esteem and self-confidence.

  • There is not one "ideal" body shape

  • Focus on their abilities and skills

  • Avoid constant talk of dieting

  • Reinforce, and model healthy attitudes and behaviors

  • Teach children to become critical of media images and messages

  • Get professional help


Resources

Resources

  • National Eating Disorder Association

  • http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/

  • Council on Size & Weight Discrimination

  • http://www.cswd.org/

  • The Eating Disorder Foundation

  • http://www.eatingdisorderfoundation.org

  • Kids Health

  • http://kidshealth.org/kid

  • Body Image Health

  • http://www.bodyimagehealth.org/

  • Kids Terrain

  • http://www.kidsterrain.com/


References

References

  • EDV - Body Image. (n.d.). EDV - Eating Disorders Vic. Retrieved June 18, 2012, from

    http://www.eatingdisorders.org.au/eating-disorders/risk-factors/body-image

  • Kids' Body Image Project: Facts & Figures. (n.d.). Council on Size and Weight Discrimination. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from http://www.cswd.org/docs/kids.html

  • Littleton, H. L., & Ollendick, T. (2003). Negative body image and disordered eating behavior in children and adolescents: What places youth at risk and how can these problems be prevented?. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 6(1), 51-66

  • National Eating Disorder Association

    http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/

  • Orr, T. (2007). When the mirror lies: anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders. Danbury, Conn.: Franklin Watts.

  • Phares, V., Steinberg, A., & Thompson, J. (2004). Gender differences in peer and parental influences: Body image disturbance, self-worth, and psychological functioning in preadolescent children. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(5), 421-429.

  • Shapiro, S., Newcomb, M., & Loeb, T. (1997). Fear of fat, disregulated-restrained eating, and body-esteem: Prevalence and gender differences among eight- to ten-year-old children. Journal Of Clinical Child Psychology, 26(4), 358-365. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp2604_4


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