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Standards, legislation, regulation and registration of home fortification products. Jonathan Siekmann, PhD Technical Advisor, Multi-Nutrient Supplements Initiative (MSI) Secretariat, Home Fortification Technical Advisory Group (HF-TAG). Introduction.

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Standards legislation regulation and registration of home fortification products

Standards, legislation, regulation and registration of home fortification products

Jonathan Siekmann, PhD

Technical Advisor, Multi-Nutrient Supplements Initiative (MSI)

Secretariat, Home Fortification Technical Advisory Group (HF-TAG)


Introduction
Introduction fortification products

  • Several international regulations are relevant for the classification of and communication around home fortification products (MNP and SQ-LNS)

  • For home fortification programs at scale it will be important to understand the applicable international and national regulations

  • While complying with relevant regulations, aim to ensure maximum and sustained access to information on the purpose and appropriate use of home fortification products


Example from european union
Example from European Union fortification products

  • Food supplements: foodstuffs to supplement the normal diet and which are concentrated sources of nutrients …marketed in dose form…such as capsules, pastilles, tablets, pills and other similar forms, sachets of powder, ampoules of liquids, drop dispensing bottles…designed to be taken in and measured small unit quantities;

  • Nutrients means the following substances:

    • vitamins, (ii) minerals.

      EC Directive 2002/46


Example from united kingdom england
Example from United Kingdom (England) fortification products

  • Food supplements: food sold in dose form…to supplement the normal diet…a concentrated source of a vitamin or mineral or other substance with a nutritional or physiological effect, alone or in combination.

  • Food supplements are not required to demonstrate their efficacy before marketing, nor are they subject to prior approval unless they are genetically modified or are “novel”. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer, importer or distributor to ensure that their product complies with the necessary legislation.

    THE FOOD SUPPLEMENTS REGULATIONS 2007 No. 330


Overview
Overview fortification products


Registration
Registration fortification products

Important to register home fortification products (MNP or SQ-LNS) in country

  • For MNP: pharmaceutical? nutritional supplement? food?

  • For SQ-LNS: food? nutritional supplement?

    Potential challenges

  • If pharmaceutical, only medical staff can handle; storage and handling conditions more stringent; higher costs

  • Need to be able to accommodate the home fortification product within national categories of products

  • Might need to create new national standard for this category of products if one does not exist


Mnp registration category home fortification global assessment 2011
MNP Registration Category: fortification productsHome Fortification Global Assessment 2011


Sq lns registration category home fortification global assessment 2011
SQ-LNS Registration Category: fortification productsHome Fortification Global Assessment 2011


Relevant regulations and standards
Relevant regulations and standards fortification products

International

  • International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (BMS) and subsequent World Health Assembly resolutions

  • Codex Alimentarius standards and guidelines for nutrition and health claims and labeling

    National

  • National laws, regulations and other measures


The code subsequent wha resolutions
The Code fortification products& Subsequent WHA Resolutions

  • The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (the Code)

    • Ensuring the appropriate marketing of breast-milk substitutes, teats and feedingbottles.

    • These products should not be advertised or promoted.

  • Subsequent relevant World Health Assembly (WHA) resolutions:

    • Same status as the Code

    • Clarify or strengthen the Code

    • Also provides guidance on the marketing of complementary foods.


National laws regulations and other measures
National laws, regulations and other measures fortification products

  • Over 80 countries have implemented the Code

  • National laws govern advertising and promotion of foods for IYC, including

    • Information and educational materials on infant and young children not coming from health professionals

    • Labeling of relevant products

  • WHA 63.23 calls on Governments to ensure that nutrition and health claims shall not be made for foods for infants and young children unless specifically allowed under Codex or National Legislation


Main concern misleading or unsubstantiated health claims
Main Concern: Misleading or Unsubstantiated fortification productsHealth Claims

Support your baby’s natural immune system


The code and wha resolutions relevance to home fortification
The Code and WHA resolutions: relevance to home fortification

MNP

  • Not food or breast milk substitute so clearly outside the scope of the Code and subsequent WHA resolutions

    • Except where interpreted by National legislation

      SQ-LNS

  • Not a breast milk substitute (if used from age 6+ months)

  • Studies show it does not displace or negatively impact breast milk intake

  • Complementary food for older infants and young children

  • If classified as a food, it comes under the scope of the Code and subsequent WHA resolutions


Wha resolution 63 23 article 1 4 may 2010
WHA Resolution 63.23 fortificationArticle 1 (4) - May 2010

Calls on governments:

  • To end inappropriate promotion of food for infants and young children and

  • To ensure that nutritionandhealth claims shall not be permitted forfoods for infants and young children,

  • Except where specifically provided for, in:

    • Relevant Codex Alimentarius standardsOR

    • National legislation



Claim definitions codex
Claim Definitions (CODEX) fortification

NUTRITION CLAIM: States, suggests or implies that a food has beneficial nutritional properties.

Nutrient content claim:

“contains iron”; “micronutrient fortified”;“contains essential fatty acids”; “enriched”; “fortified”;

Level of a nutrient in a food

Nutrient comparative claim:

“reduced fat compared to X”; “less sodium than Y”; “fewer micronutrients than X”; “increased micronutrient content compared to Y”;

“more iron than X”

Compares the nutrient levels of two or more foods.


Claim definitions codex1
Claim Definitions (CODEX) fortification

Describes the physiological role of the nutrient in growth, development and normal functions of the body.

HEALTH CLAIM: any representation that states, suggests, or implies that a relationship exists between a food or a constituent of that food and health.

Nutrient function claims

"Vitamin A is important for the maintenance of good vision and normal growth. Food X is a source of/ high in nutrient A"

Specific beneficial effects of the consumption of foods or their constituents, in the context of the total diet on normal functions or biological activities of the body

Other function claims

“Omega 3 fatty acids are vital for brain development in children thereby enhancing intelligence. Product X contains Y EPA+DHA”

Relating the consumption of a food or food constituent, in the context of the total diet, to the reduced risk of developing a disease or health-related condition

Reduction of disease risk

“Iron may treat and prevent anaemia”


Common claims prohibited for complementary foods
Common Claims Prohibited for Complementary Foods fortification

High in calcium

Good source of iron and zinc

8 Vitamins

Calcium

Iron

Aids in your baby's healthy growth and development

Contains vitamins for healthy growth

With DHA



What is inappropriate promotion
What is fortification‘Inappropriate Promotion’?

  • Are all claims inappropriate?

  • Claims on breast milk substitutes are alwaysinappropriate

  • Promotion for use before 6 months is always inappropriate

  • SQ-LNS≠ breastmilk substitutes – but if classified as food, claims not allowed unless permitted in national legislation

WHA Resolution 63.23

"to end inappropriate promotion of food for infants and young children and to ensure that nutrition and health claims shall not be permitted for foods for infants and young children, except where specifically provided for, in relevant Codex Alimentarius standardsor national legislation“


Example from zambia
Example from Zambia fortification

  • Design for labeling and packaging developed in the preparatory phase of pilot study

  • Formative research findings shaped design

  • Consultation with the National Fortification Alliance, partners & government representatives to develop Zambia-specific packaging



Revisions to initial design
Revisions to initial design fortification

  • Law-enforcers as guardians of the Code, who were not included in initial discussions, learned of proposed packaging design

  • Purpose of MNP misunderstood

  • Forced to change design in final stages

    IMPORTANT: Early engagement & active dialogue with all relevant groups throughout the package design process to prevent misunderstandings & ensure compliance with national legislation.


Final Box fortification

Design

Final Sachet Design


Latest developments 2012 wha 65 6
Latest developments (2012) …WHA 65.6 fortification

  • Adopts the Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition

  • Requested that the Director-General “provide clarification and guidance on the inappropriate promotion of foods for infants and young children cited in resolution WHA63.23, taking into consideration the ongoing work of the Codex Alimentarius Commission.”

  • WHO currently setting up a technical advisory group to look at the above


Conclusion
Conclusion fortification

  • For labeling, marketing, manufacture and registration of MNP and SQ-LNS

    • Important to consider national laws, the Code, and subsequent WHA resolutions

  • Aim to ensure that target beneficiaries have maximum and sustained access to information on the purpose and appropriate use of home fortification products


Thank you for your attention

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION fortification

[email protected]


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