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Positive psychology & Prospection:. FIU December 15, 2013 Evolution of Psychotherapy Martin E. P. Seligman [email protected] Outline. Misguided Theory vs Clinical Wisdom Two Lacunae: Positive & Future What is Well Being? How to Measure PERMA How to Build PERMA

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Positive psychology prospection

Positive psychology & Prospection:

FIU

December 15, 2013

Evolution of Psychotherapy

Martin E. P. Seligman

[email protected]


Outline
Outline

  • Misguided Theory vs Clinical Wisdom

  • Two Lacunae: Positive & Future

  • What is Well Being?

  • How to Measure PERMA

  • How to Build PERMA

  • Positive Emotion (Hunt the Good Stuff)

  • Engagement (Signature Strengths & Professions)

  • Relationships (ACR)

  • Meaning (Fun vs Altruism)

  • Accomplishment (GRIT)

  • Invisible Hand & Psychotherapy

  • Positive Education & US Army

  • Prospection

  • Default Network

  • Depression and Hopelessness

  • Prospection Research Awards (LOI due Jan 1, 2014)


Flourish perma
Flourish (PERMA)

  • Positive Emotion

  • Engagement

  • Relationships

  • Meaning

  • Accomplishment


Perma
PERMA

Positive emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, Accomplishment

Each is measurable

Authentichappiness.org

Each is teachable


Atherosclerotic Heart Disease (red = more deaths)

Reported by CDC

Predicted by Twitter

rweighted= .67


Twitter language predictive of Atherosclerotic HD

Protective


Twitter language predictive of Atherosclerotic HD

risk




Perma positive emotion
PERMAPositive Emotion

3 Good Things


Perma engagement signature strengths www authentichappiness org
PERMAEngagementSignature Strengthswww.authentichappiness.org


Character strengths and trauma
Character Strengths and Trauma

  • Exposure  character strengths and post-traumatic growth

  • Especially

    • Religiousness

    • Gratitude

    • Kindness

    • Hope

    • Bravery


Perma relationships
PERMARelationships


Active constructive responding
Active Constructive Responding

Constructive

Destructive

Active

Passive


Perma meaning belonging to and serving something bigger than self altruism versus pleasure
PERMAMeaningBelonging To and Serving Something Bigger than SelfAltruism versus Pleasure


Perma accomplishment self discipline grit angela duckworth twice as important as iq
PERMAAccomplishmentSelf Discipline & GRITAngela DuckworthTwice as Important as IQ


The invisible hand perma as goal of therapy
The Invisible HandPERMA as Goal of Therapy


Social Skills Rating Scale

Measures: Teacher’s report of students behaviors related to social skills, including cooperation, assertiveness, and self-control.

Sample items: “Volunteers to help peers on classroom tasks.”“Politely refuses unreasonable requests from others.”


Non honors

Language Arts (English) Grades

by 9th grade Language Arts Level

Non-Honors

Honors


Us army
US Army

  • Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness


Findings: Positive Forms of Coping

(Scoring Higher is Better)

2010

2011

3.70

BCTs in Study

JUL

JAN

JAN

APR

OCT

APR

3.65

1/4 IN

Deployment

1 x MRT Per Company

3.60

3/4 IN

Deployment

1/25 IN

3.55

2/1 IN

Deployment

3.50

3.70

3/1 IN

Deployment

3.65

0 x MRT Per Company

170 HBCT

Deployment

3.60

2/4 IN

Deployment

3.55

11 ACR

3.50

GAT #1

GAT #3

GAT #2

Mean Score on GAT for Positive Coping

Published MRT Training Guidance


Resilience training psychiatric diagnoses
Resilience Training & Psychiatric Diagnoses

Frequency of Diagnoses: Training and Non-training Conditions

  • Mental Health Substance Abuse

    (PTSD, Anxiety, Depression)

  • Training

  • (n = 4,983) 221 (4.44%) 58 (1.16%)

  • Non-training

  • (n = 2,247) 114 (5.07%) 64 (2.85%)

  • Total

  • (n = 7,230) 335 (4.63%) 122 (1.69%)

  • Note: Due to comorbidity, these numbers do not necessarily reflect the sums of the


Homo prospectus
Homo Prospectus

  • Psychodynamic

  • Behavior Therapy

  • Cognitive Therapy

  • Phenomenological

  • Default Network

  • Evolution

  • Memory of the Future


Depression potential of cognitive therapy
Depression Potential of Cognitive Therapy

  • Primary Member of the Cognitive Triad

  • Faulty Prospection

  • Hopelessness

  • Pessimistic Predictive Style

  • Focus on Future Directed Cognition


Science of prospection grants
Science of Prospection Grants

  • Measurement

  • Mechanism

  • Application

  • Improvement

  • January 1 --Letters of Intent

  • http://sites.sas.upenn.edu/prospection


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