Overview of long lasting insecticidal nets for malaria challenges way forward
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OVERVIEW OF LONG LASTING INSECTICIDAL NETS FOR MALARIA Challenges & Way Forward . Malaria Medicines & Supplies Services RBM Partnership Secretariat . Products Available. LLINs: 2 WHOPES-certified products, 3 manufacturers, 1 in Africa Olyset PermaNet ® New Development :

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Overview of long lasting insecticidal nets for malaria challenges way forward

OVERVIEW OF LONG LASTING INSECTICIDAL NETS FOR MALARIAChallenges & Way Forward

Malaria Medicines & Supplies Services

RBM Partnership Secretariat


Products available
Products Available

  • LLINs: 2 WHOPES-certified products, 3 manufacturers, 1 in Africa

    • Olyset

    • PermaNet®

  • New Development:

    • Further technical development and analyses of potential end-point conversion of ordinary nets to LLINs through long-lasting treatment ongoing - Supply-side implication: 6-50m LLINs per annum. Net manufacturers are exploring the possibility of using the technology for factory treatment of nets.

      Newest Development:

    • Significant recent investor interest in LLIN technology



Procurement challenges llin or itn strategic procurement efficient programme planning execution
Procurement Challenges: LLIN or ITN?Strategic Procurement = Efficient Programme, Planning & Execution

  • Disbursements must be linked to procurement and planned distribution

  • Product selection must be linked to established (procurement) lead times for LLINs

  • Procurement of LLINs must be linked to clear pre-transmission season availability and distribution objectives

  • Programmes, therefore, mustadopt open mind to ITN procurement and distribution

  • Use institutional buyers – benefit: more certain availability, stable price, country level value added, total cost of ownership reduction, economies of scale


Procurement challenges logistics weights volumes costs
PROCUREMENT CHALLENGES: LOGISTICS : Weights, Volumes & Costs

The Shipment and Distribution of nets are a major logistical challenge. Depending, for example, on the type of LLIN, international shipping and handling costs (ITSH), inland transportation, testing and inspection costs could run between 45% and 65% of net cost.

N.B. Different types have different weights and volumes

Data based on Rectangular net size 150 x 190 x 180cm


Forecasts needs
FORECASTS / NEEDS

1. Recent RBM forecast establishes the vulnerable population in Africa (pregnant women & <5s) as 122m. With funding reportedly available for approximately 40 million, the net-need GAP for this vulnerable group is +/- 82m.

COVERAGE IMPACT: 20%

2. By contrast, the current at risk population in Africa is 645m.

COVERAGE IMPACT:NEGLIGIBLE

  • It is estimated that 50 million nets will need re-treatment by 2007 (upgrading to LLINs more desirable) and another 50 million worn nets will have to be replaced.

  • Estimations should also take into account ITNs/LLINs needed according to population growth figures


By december 2005 production should have more than doubled
By December 2005, production should have more than doubled

The above figures are production objectives provided by manufacturers. Given the current problems manufacturers are having in scaling-up their production, such capacities could potentially not be achieved until well into 2006.


Way forward
Way Forward

  • Explore possibility of a NEPAD-led LLIN development and manufacturing consortia

  • Bring more pesticide and fibre technology companies on board (technology improved and better adapted for local production, reduced prices)

  • Increase knowledge on long term efficacy and social acceptability of LLINs under programme conditions

  • Promote continued purchase and use of ITNs

  • Closer MMSS collaboration with RBM partners operating in highly at-risk countries in Africa. AED/NetMark currently working to improve QC at existing African textile manufacturers as a precursor to development of the LLIN technology in Africa. With USAID funding, NetMark planning a Quality Control Workshop for September 2005 in Johannesburg


Way forward1
WAY FORWARD

▪ MMSS has embarked upon an intensive, multi-pronged initiative to ensure:

- Emergence of Public Private Partnerships

- Technology Transfer (expand/replicate Sumitomo/A to Z initiative)

- Bridging geographical gap between manufacturing and shipping points, a WTO/ITC initiative, (manufacturing/buying in Africa for Africa), thereby reducing significantly the delivery time for LLINs to highly vulnerable groups in at risk countries



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