Theories and Major Schools of Thoughts and Framework of Organization Analysis. Facilitator and Course Coordinator: Vinayshil Gautam PhD, FRAS(London) (Founder Director IIM K; Leader Consulting Team IIM S) A Al_Sager Chair Professor and First Head, Management Department, IIT D Chairman, DKIF.
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Theories and Major Schools of Thoughts and Framework of Organization Analysis
“A plan or scheme existing in the mind only, but based on principles verifiable by experiment or observation”
(Funk & Wagnalls page 1302)
“Organizations are social entities that are goal-oriented; are designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems, and are linked to the external environment”
1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 onwards
Classical Theories of Organization Management
Behavioral Theories of Organization Management
Title, Status, Promotion etc
Formal, Informal work groups
Seniority plans, union etc
Modern Theories of Organization Management
Recognized the importance of the relationship between the organization and the environment
Does not provide specific guidance on the function of Managers.
Capture information about system outputs
Evaluate information using goal related criteria
Use evaluative information as additional inputs
Identified major contingencies
Argued against universal principles of management
Not all important contingencies have been identified
Theory may not be applicable to all managerial issues